Drug results: 31

octinoxate a UV filter compound
titanium dioxide used medically as protectant against externally caused irritation & sunlight; high concentrations of dust may cause irritation to respiratory tract; RN given refers to titanium oxide (TiO2); structure
octocrylene ingredient in sunscreens and cosmetics
zinc oxide A mild astringent and topical protectant with some antiseptic action. It is also used in bandages, pastes, ointments, dental cements, and as a sunblock.
avobenzone causes allergic or photoallergic contact dermatitis; structure given in first source
homosalate cpd not photoallergenic
ensulizole sunscreening agent
dimethicone A poly(dimethylsiloxane) which is a polymer of 200-350 units of dimethylsiloxane, along with added silica gel. It is used as an antiflatulent, surfactant, and ointment base.
Padimate O
hydroquinone skin depigmentation agent
enzacamene camphor derivative used as sunscreen
adenosine A nucleoside that is composed of ADENINE and D-RIBOSE. Adenosine or adenosine derivatives play many important biological roles in addition to being components of DNA and RNA. Adenosine itself is a neurotransmitter.
hydroxyproline A hydroxylated form of the imino acid proline. A deficiency in ASCORBIC ACID can result in impaired hydroxyproline formation.
diethylamino hydroxybenzoyl hexyl benzoate a UV filtering agent
ecamsule an organic chemical agent capable of absorbing light throughout the entire UVA spectrum
algeldrate A compound with many biomedical applications: as a gastric antacid, an antiperspirant, in dentifrices, as an emulsifier, as an adjuvant in bacterins and vaccines, in water purification, etc.
talc Finely powdered native hydrous magnesium silicate. It is used as a dusting powder, either alone or with starch or boric acid, for medicinal and toilet preparations. It is also an excipient and filler for pills, tablets, and for dusting tablet molds. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
betaine A naturally occurring compound that has been of interest for its role in osmoregulation. As a drug, betaine hydrochloride has been used as a source of hydrochloric acid in the treatment of hypochlorhydria. Betaine has also been used in the treatment of liver disorders, for hyperkalemia, for homocystinuria, and for gastrointestinal disturbances. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1341)
stearic acid
nicotinamide An important compound functioning as a component of the coenzyme NAD. Its primary significance is in the prevention and/or cure of blacktongue and PELLAGRA. Most animals cannot manufacture this compound in amounts sufficient to prevent nutritional deficiency and it therefore must be supplemented through dietary intake.
Padimate A combined with PABA in Spectraban 15 lotion & with indomethacin in Spectraban 5.6 lotion
diethyltoluamide A compound used as a topical insect repellent that may cause irritation to eyes and mucous membranes, but not to the skin.
allantoin A urea hydantoin that is found in URINE and PLANTS and is used in dermatological preparations.

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