||A water-soluble, semi-synthetic derivative of the sesquiterpene lactone artemisinin with anti-malarial, anti-schistosomiasis, antiviral, and potential anti-neoplastic activities. Artesunate (AS) contains an endoperoxide bridge that is activated by heme iron, resulting in the generation of free radicals that alkylate parasite proteins and ultimately lead to cell death. Dihydroartemisinin (DHA, also known as artenimol), the active metabolite of artesunate, was found to specifically increase oxidative stress in P. falciparum-infected erythrocytes but not uninfected cells, by reduction of antioxidants.
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DrugCentral Search Overview
Drug search example:
Generic drug names, drug synonyms, trade names terms can be used to search for drugs.
Example search for Lipitor can query using either “Atorvastatin” or “Lipitor”.A comprehensive list of drug development codes and salt or ester forms
are also stored in the database and can be used as search terms, for example search for "rosuvastatin" the following terms can be used: "rosuvastatin calcium" or "ZD4522".
Disease search example:
Supported disease terms are SNOMED-CT and OMOP vocabulary terms. Disease annotations for drugs approved before 2012 originate from OMOP vocabulary mappings. For drugs approved after 2012 disease annotations are extracted manually from approved drug labels and mapped to SNOMED-CT concepts.
Example search for “Chronic Hepatitis
returns the list of antiviral
indicated to treat “Chronic Hepatitis C” followed by drugs
contra-indicated in hepatitis C.
Target search example:
Supported target search terms are HUGO gene symbols, Uniprot accessions and target names, and Swissprot identifiers.
Example search for drugs targeting Mu-type opioid receptor can be run using either of the
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Pharmacologic action search example:
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A - query term matched drug name or synonyms, mechanism of action target, or drug indication.
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C - query term matched short drug description text.
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