NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY SECTION.


13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY. 13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility. The carcinogenicity and mutagenicity of mitotane are unknown.

PACKAGE LABEL.PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL.


PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL 100 Tablet Bottle Carton. NDC 76336-080-60LYSODREN (mitotane) tablets, for oral useEACH TABLET CONTAINS500 mg100 TabletsRx onlyHRA Pharma Rare Diseases. PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL 100 Tablet Bottle Carton.

PEDIATRIC USE SECTION.


8.4 Pediatric Use. Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.

PHARMACODYNULLMICS SECTION.


12.2 Pharmacodynamics The pharmacodynamics of mitotane are unknown.

ADVERSE REACTIONS SECTION.


6 ADVERSE REACTIONS. The following adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the label:o Adrenal Crisis in the Setting of Shock or Severe Trauma [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)] CNS Toxicity see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)] Adrenal Insufficiency [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)] Ovarian macrocysts [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]The following adverse reactions associated with the use of LYSODREN were identified in clinical trials or postmarketing reports. Because these reactions were reported voluntarily from population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to estimate their frequency reliably or to establish causal relationship to drug exposure.Common adverse reactions occurring with LYSODREN treatment include:oAnorexia, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea (80%)oDepression, dizziness, or vertigo (15%-40%)oRash (15%)oNeutropeniaoGrowth retardation, hypothyroidismoConfusion, headache, ataxia, mental impairment, weakness, dysarthriaoMaculopathyoHepatitis, elevation of liver enzymesoGynecomastiao Hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemiao Decreased blood androstenedione and decreased blood testosterone in females, increased sex hormone binding globulin in females and males, decreased blood free testosterone in males.Less common adverse reactions include: visual blurring, diplopia, lens opacity, retinopathy, prolonged bleeding time, hematuria, hemorrhagic cystitis, albuminuria, hypertension, orthostatic hypotension, flushing, generalized aching, and fever.. Common adverse reactions (>=15%) include: anorexia, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea; depression, dizziness or vertigo; and rash. (6) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Direct Success Inc.at 844-597-6373 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

BOXED WARNING SECTION.


WARNING: ADRENULLL CRISIS IN THE SETTING OF SHOCK OR SEVERE TRAUMA. In patients taking LYSODREN, adrenal crisis occurs in the setting of shock or severe trauma and response to shock is impaired. Administer hydrocortisone, monitor for escalating signs of shock and discontinue LYSODREN until recovery [see Dosage and Administration (2.2) and Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].. WARNING: ADRENULLL CRISIS IN THE SETTING OF SHOCK OR SEVERE TRAUMASee full prescribing information for complete boxed warning.In patients taking LYSODREN, adrenal crisis occurs in the setting of shock or severe trauma and response to shock is impaired. Administer hydrocortisone, monitor for escalating signs of shock and discontinue LYSODREN until recovery. (2.2, 5.1).

CARCINOGENESIS & MUTAGENESIS & IMPAIRMENT OF FERTILITY SECTION.


13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility. The carcinogenicity and mutagenicity of mitotane are unknown.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY SECTION.


12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY. 12.1 Mechanism of Action. Mitotane is an adrenal cytotoxic agent with an unknown mechanism of action. Mitotane modifies the peripheral metabolism of steroids and directly suppresses the adrenal cortex. reduction in 17-hydroxycorticosteroids in the absence of decreased corticosteroid concentrations and increased formation of 6--hydroxycortisol have been reported.. 12.2 Pharmacodynamics The pharmacodynamics of mitotane are unknown.. 12.3 Pharmacokinetics. Absorption. Following oral administration of LYSODREN, 40% of the dose is absorbed.. Distribution. Mitotane is found in most tissues of the body; however, fat is the primary site of distribution.. Elimination. Following discontinuation of mitotane, the plasma terminal half-life ranges from 18 to 159 days (median 53 days).. Metabolism. Mitotane is converted to water-soluble metabolite.. Excretion No unchanged mitotane is found in urine or bile. Approximately 10% of the administered dose is recovered in the urine as water-soluble metabolite. variable amount of metabolite (1%-17%) is excreted in the bile.

CONTRAINDICATIONS SECTION.


4 CONTRAINDICATIONS. None. None (4).

DESCRIPTION SECTION.


11 DESCRIPTION. LYSODREN (mitotane) is an oral adrenal cytotoxic agent. The chemical name is (+-)-1,1-dichloro-2-(o-chlorophenyl)-2-(p-chlorophenyl) ethane (also known as o,p-DDD). The chemical structure is:Mitotane is white granular solid composed of clear colorless crystals. It is tasteless and has slight pleasant aromatic odor. It is soluble in ethanol and has molecular weight of 320.05.Inactive ingredients in LYSODREN are: microcrystalline cellulose, polyethylene glycol 3350, silicon dioxide, and starch.. Image Mitotane Chemical Structure.

DOSAGE & ADMINISTRATION SECTION.


2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION. oInitial dose: g to g orally daily, in three or four divided doses. (2.1) oIncrease dose incrementally to achieve blood concentration of 14 to 20 mg/L, or as tolerated. (2.1) 2.1 Recommended Dose The recommended initial dose of LYSODREN is g to g orally, in three or four divided doses per day. Increase doses incrementally to achieve blood concentration of 14 to 20 mg/L, or as tolerated. LYSODREN is cytotoxic drug. Follow applicable special handling and disposal procedures.. 2.2 Dose Modifications Adrenal Crisis in the Setting of Shock or Severe Trauma Discontinue LYSODREN until recovery [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].. Central Nervous System (CNS) Toxicity Discontinue LYSODREN until symptoms resolve. Seven to 10 days after symptoms resolve, restart at lower dose (for example, decrease by 500-1000 mg) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

DOSAGE FORMS & STRENGTHS SECTION.


3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS. 500 mg white, round, biconvex, scored tablets, bisected on one side and impressed with BL over L1 on the other side.. Tablets: 500 mg, scored (3).

DRUG INTERACTIONS SECTION.


7 DRUG INTERACTIONS. Adjust dosage of concomitant coumarin-type anticoagulants as needed. (7.2) 7.1 CYP3A4 Substrates Mitotane is strong inducer of cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4). Monitor patients for change in dosage requirements for the concomitant drug when administering LYSODREN to patients receiving drugs that are substrates of CYP3A4.. 7.2 Warfarin When administering coumarin-type anticoagulants to patients receiving LYSODREN, monitor coagulation tests and adjust the anticoagulant dose as needed.

GERIATRIC USE SECTION.


8.5 Geriatric Use. Clinical studies of LYSODREN did not include sufficient numbers of patients aged 65 years and older to determine whether they respond differently than younger patients. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.

HOW SUPPLIED SECTION.


16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING. LYSODREN tablets are supplied as 500 mg white, round, biconvex, scored tablets, bisected on one side and impressed with BL over L1 on the other side.100 tablets per bottle: NDC 76336-080-60Store bottles at 25C (77F); excursions permitted between 15C and 30C (59F-86F).Mitotane is cytotoxic drug. Follow applicable special handling and disposal procedures [see References (15)].

INDICATIONS & USAGE SECTION.


1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE. LYSODREN is indicated for the treatment of patients with inoperable, functional or nonfunctional, adrenal cortical carcinoma.. LYSODREN is an adrenal cytotoxic agent indicated for the treatment of inoperable, functional or nonfunctional, adrenal cortical carcinoma. (1).

INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS SECTION.


17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION. Adrenal Crisis oAdvise patients to discontinue LYSODREN in the case of shock or severe trauma and contact their healthcare provider immediately.oAdvise patients to tell their healthcare provider of any planned surgeries.. oAdvise patients to discontinue LYSODREN in the case of shock or severe trauma and contact their healthcare provider immediately.. oAdvise patients to tell their healthcare provider of any planned surgeries.. Ovarian Macrocystso Advise premenopausal women to seek medical care if they experience gynecological symptoms such as vaginal bleeding and/or pelvic pain [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5) ].. Embryo-Fetal Toxicity oAdvise females of reproductive potential of the potential risk to fetus and to inform their healthcare provider of known or suspected pregnancy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4) and Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].oAdvise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment and after discontinuation of treatment for as long as instructed by their healthcare provider [see Use in Specific Populations (8.3)].. oAdvise females of reproductive potential of the potential risk to fetus and to inform their healthcare provider of known or suspected pregnancy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4) and Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].. oAdvise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment and after discontinuation of treatment for as long as instructed by their healthcare provider [see Use in Specific Populations (8.3)].. Lactation oAdvise females who are nursing not to breastfeed during treatment with LYSODREN [see Use in Specific Populations (8.2)].. oAdvise females who are nursing not to breastfeed during treatment with LYSODREN [see Use in Specific Populations (8.2)].

MECHANISM OF ACTION SECTION.


12.1 Mechanism of Action. Mitotane is an adrenal cytotoxic agent with an unknown mechanism of action. Mitotane modifies the peripheral metabolism of steroids and directly suppresses the adrenal cortex. reduction in 17-hydroxycorticosteroids in the absence of decreased corticosteroid concentrations and increased formation of 6--hydroxycortisol have been reported.

PHARMACOKINETICS SECTION.


12.3 Pharmacokinetics. Absorption. Following oral administration of LYSODREN, 40% of the dose is absorbed.. Distribution. Mitotane is found in most tissues of the body; however, fat is the primary site of distribution.. Elimination. Following discontinuation of mitotane, the plasma terminal half-life ranges from 18 to 159 days (median 53 days).. Metabolism. Mitotane is converted to water-soluble metabolite.. Excretion No unchanged mitotane is found in urine or bile. Approximately 10% of the administered dose is recovered in the urine as water-soluble metabolite. variable amount of metabolite (1%-17%) is excreted in the bile.

PREGNULLNCY SECTION.


8.1 Pregnancy. Risk Summary LYSODREN can cause fetal harm. Limited postmarketing cases report preterm births and early pregnancy loss in women treated with LYSODREN during pregnancy. Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with mitotane. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to fetus. The background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2-4% and 15-20%, respectively.

REFERENCES SECTION.


15 REFERENCES1.OSHA. http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/hazardousdrugs/index.html.

SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION.


2.1 Recommended Dose The recommended initial dose of LYSODREN is g to g orally, in three or four divided doses per day. Increase doses incrementally to achieve blood concentration of 14 to 20 mg/L, or as tolerated. LYSODREN is cytotoxic drug. Follow applicable special handling and disposal procedures.

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS SECTION.


8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS. oLactation: Do not breastfeed. (8.2)oHepatic Impairment: Administer LYSODREN with caution to patients with hepatic impairment. (8.6). oLactation: Do not breastfeed. (8.2). oHepatic Impairment: Administer LYSODREN with caution to patients with hepatic impairment. (8.6). 8.1 Pregnancy. Risk Summary LYSODREN can cause fetal harm. Limited postmarketing cases report preterm births and early pregnancy loss in women treated with LYSODREN during pregnancy. Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with mitotane. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to fetus. The background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2-4% and 15-20%, respectively.. 8.2 Lactation. Risk Summary Mitotane is excreted in human milk; however, the effect of LYSODREN on the breastfed infant, or effect on milk production is unknown. Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in the breastfed infant, advise nursing women that breastfeeding is not recommended during treatment with LYSODREN and after discontinuation of treatment for as long as mitotane plasma levels are detectable.. 8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential Contraception Females LYSODREN can cause fetal harm when administered to pregnant woman [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)]. Advise female patients of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with LYSODREN and after discontinuation of therapy for as long as mitotane plasma levels are detectable [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].. 8.4 Pediatric Use. Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.. 8.5 Geriatric Use. Clinical studies of LYSODREN did not include sufficient numbers of patients aged 65 years and older to determine whether they respond differently than younger patients. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.. 8.6 Hepatic Impairment. Hepatic impairment may interfere with the metabolism of mitotane and the drug may accumulate. Administer LYSODREN with caution to patients with hepatic impairment.

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS SECTION.


5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS. oCentral Nervous System (CNS) Toxicity: Plasma concentrations exceeding 20 mcg/mL are associated with greater incidence of toxicity. (5.2) oAdrenal Insufficiency: Institute steroid replacement as clinically indicated. Measure free cortisol and corticotropin (ACTH) levels to achieve optimal steroid replacement. (5.3) oEmbryo-Fetal Toxicity: Can cause fetal harm. Advise women of reproductive potential of the potential risk to fetus and use of effective contraception. (5.4, 8.1, 8.3)oOvarian Macrocysts in Premenopausal Women: Advise women to seek medical advice if they experience gynecological symptoms such as vaginal bleeding and/or pelvic pain. (5.5). 5.1 Adrenal Crisis in the Setting of Shock or Severe Trauma. In patients taking LYSODREN, adrenal crisis occurs in the setting of shock or severe trauma and response to shock is impaired. Administer hydrocortisone, monitor for escalating signs of shock, and discontinue LYSODREN until recovery [see Dosage and Administration (2.2)]. 5.2 CNS Toxicity. CNS toxicity, including sedation, lethargy, and vertigo, occurs with LYSODREN treatment. Mitotane plasma concentrations exceeding 20 mcg/mL are associated with greater incidence of toxicity.. 5.3 Adrenal Insufficiency. Treatment with LYSODREN can cause adrenal insufficiency. Institute steroid replacement as clinically indicated. Measure free cortisol and corticotropin (ACTH) levels to achieve optimal steroid replacement.. 5.4 Embryo-Fetal Toxicity. LYSODREN can cause fetal harm when administered to pregnant woman. Abnormal pregnancy outcomes, such as preterm births and early pregnancy loss, can occur in patients exposed to mitotane during pregnancy. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to fetus. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with LYSODREN and after discontinuation of treatment for as long as mitotane plasma levels are detectable [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.3)]. . 5.5 Ovarian Macrocysts in Premenopausal Women. Ovarian macrocysts, often bilateral and multiple, have been reported in premenopausal patients receiving LYSODREN. Complications from these cysts, including adnexal torsion and hemorrhagic cyst rupture, have been reported. In some cases, improvement after mitotane discontinuation has been described. Advise female patients to seek medical care if they experience gynecological symptoms such as vaginal bleeding and/or pelvic pain [seeAdverse Reactions (6)].