ADVERSE REACTIONS SECTION.


6 ADVERSE REACTIONS. When using ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination, also refer to the Adverse Reactions section of the package insert for Symbyax.. Most common adverse reactions (>=5% and at least twice that for placebo) associated with:Oral Olanzapine Monotherapy:Schizophrenia (Adults) postural hypotension, constipation, weight gain, dizziness, personality disorder, akathisia. (6.1)Schizophrenia (Adolescents) sedation, weight increased, headache, increased appetite, dizziness, abdominal pain, pain in extremity, fatigue, dry mouth. (6.1)Manic or Mixed Episodes, Bipolar Disorder (Adults) asthenia, dry mouth, constipation, increased appetite, somnolence, dizziness, tremor. (6.1)Manic or Mixed Episodes, Bipolar Disorder (Adolescents) sedation, weight increased, increased appetite, headache, fatigue, dizziness, dry mouth, abdominal pain, pain in extremity. (6.1)Combination of ZYPREXA and Lithium or Valproate:Manic or Mixed Episodes, Bipolar Disorder (Adults) dry mouth, weight gain, increased appetite, dizziness, back pain, constipation, speech disorder, increased salivation, amnesia, paresthesia. (6.1)ZYPREXA and Fluoxetine in Combination: Also refer to the Adverse Reactions section of the package insert for Symbyax. (6)ZYPREXA IntraMuscular for Injection: Agitation with Schizophrenia and Bipolar Mania (Adults) somnolence. (6.1)To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Eli Lilly and Company at 1-800-LillyRx (1-800-545-5979) or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. Schizophrenia (Adults) postural hypotension, constipation, weight gain, dizziness, personality disorder, akathisia. (6.1). Schizophrenia (Adolescents) sedation, weight increased, headache, increased appetite, dizziness, abdominal pain, pain in extremity, fatigue, dry mouth. (6.1). Manic or Mixed Episodes, Bipolar Disorder (Adults) asthenia, dry mouth, constipation, increased appetite, somnolence, dizziness, tremor. (6.1). Manic or Mixed Episodes, Bipolar Disorder (Adolescents) sedation, weight increased, increased appetite, headache, fatigue, dizziness, dry mouth, abdominal pain, pain in extremity. (6.1). Manic or Mixed Episodes, Bipolar Disorder (Adults) dry mouth, weight gain, increased appetite, dizziness, back pain, constipation, speech disorder, increased salivation, amnesia, paresthesia. (6.1). Agitation with Schizophrenia and Bipolar Mania (Adults) somnolence. (6.1). 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience. Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect or predict the rates observed in practice.. Clinical Trials in AdultsThe information below for olanzapine is derived from clinical trial database for olanzapine consisting of 10,504 adult patients with approximately 4765 patient-years of exposure to olanzapine plus 722 patients with exposure to intramuscular olanzapine for injection. This database includes: (1) 2500 patients who participated in multiple-dose oral olanzapine premarketing trials in schizophrenia and Alzheimers disease representing approximately 1122 patient-years of exposure as of February 14, 1995; (2) 182 patients who participated in oral olanzapine premarketing bipolar disorder (manic or mixed episodes) trials representing approximately 66 patient-years of exposure; (3) 191 patients who participated in an oral olanzapine trial of patients having various psychiatric symptoms in association with Alzheimers disease representing approximately 29 patient-years of exposure; (4) 5788 additional patients from 88 oral olanzapine clinical trials as of December 31, 2001; (5) 1843 additional patients from 41 olanzapine clinical trials as of October 31, 2011; and (6) 722 patients who participated in intramuscular olanzapine for injection premarketing trials in agitated patients with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder (manic or mixed episodes), or dementia. Also included below is information from the premarketing 6-week clinical study database for olanzapine in combination with lithium or valproate, consisting of 224 patients who participated in bipolar disorder (manic or mixed episodes) trials with approximately 22 patient-years of exposure.The conditions and duration of treatment with olanzapine varied greatly and included (in overlapping categories) open-label and double-blind phases of studies, inpatients and outpatients, fixed-dose and dose-titration studies, and short-term or longer-term exposure. Adverse reactions were assessed by collecting adverse reactions, results of physical examinations, vital signs, weights, laboratory analytes, ECGs, chest x-rays, and results of ophthalmologic examinations.Certain portions of the discussion below relating to objective or numeric safety parameters, namely, dose-dependent adverse reactions, vital sign changes, weight gain, laboratory changes, and ECG changes are derived from studies in patients with schizophrenia and have not been duplicated for bipolar disorder (manic or mixed episodes) or agitation. However, this information is also generally applicable to bipolar disorder (manic or mixed episodes) and agitation.Adverse reactions during exposure were obtained by spontaneous report and recorded by clinical investigators using terminology of their own choosing. Consequently, it is not possible to provide meaningful estimate of the proportion of individuals experiencing adverse reactions without first grouping similar types of reactions into smaller number of standardized reaction categories. In the tables and tabulations that follow, MedDRA and COSTART Dictionary terminology has been used to classify reported adverse reactions.The stated frequencies of adverse reactions represent the proportion of individuals who experienced, at least once, treatment-emergent adverse reaction of the type listed. reaction was considered treatment emergent if it occurred for the first time or worsened while receiving therapy following baseline evaluation. The reported reactions do not include those reaction terms that were so general as to be uninformative. Reactions listed elsewhere in labeling may not be repeated below. It is important to emphasize that, although the reactions occurred during treatment with olanzapine, they were not necessarily caused by it. The entire label should be read to gain complete understanding of the safety profile of olanzapine.The prescriber should be aware that the figures in the tables and tabulations cannot be used to predict the incidence of side effects in the course of usual medical practice where patient characteristics and other factors differ from those that prevailed in the clinical trials. Similarly, the cited frequencies cannot be compared with figures obtained from other clinical investigations involving different treatments, uses, and investigators. The cited figures, however, do provide the prescribing healthcare provider with some basis for estimating the relative contribution of drug and nondrug factors to the adverse reactions incidence in the population studied.. Incidence of Adverse Reactions in Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled and Combination TrialsThe following findings are based on premarketing trials of (1) oral olanzapine for schizophrenia, bipolar disorder (manic or mixed episodes), subsequent trial of patients having various psychiatric symptoms in association with Alzheimers disease, and premarketing combination trials, and (2) intramuscular olanzapine for injection in agitated patients with schizophrenia or bipolar mania.. Adverse Reactions Associated with Discontinuation of Treatment in Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled Trials. Schizophrenia -- Overall, there was no difference in the incidence of discontinuation due to adverse reactions (5% for oral olanzapine vs 6% for placebo). However, discontinuations due to increases in ALT were considered to be drug related (2% for oral olanzapine vs 0% for placebo).. Bipolar Disorder (Manic or Mixed Episodes) Monotherapy -- Overall, there was no difference in the incidence of discontinuation due to adverse reactions (2% for oral olanzapine vs 2% for placebo).. Agitation -- Overall, there was no difference in the incidence of discontinuation due to adverse reactions (0.4% for intramuscular olanzapine for injection vs 0% for placebo).. Adverse Reactions Associated with Discontinuation of Treatment in Short-Term Combination Trials. Bipolar Disorder (Manic or Mixed Episodes), Olanzapine as Adjunct to Lithium or Valproate -- In study of patients who were already tolerating either lithium or valproate as monotherapy, discontinuation rates due to adverse reactions were 11% for the combination of oral olanzapine with lithium or valproate compared to 2% for patients who remained on lithium or valproate monotherapy. Discontinuations with the combination of oral olanzapine and lithium or valproate that occurred in more than patient were: somnolence (3%), weight gain (1%), and peripheral edema (1%).. Commonly Observed Adverse Reactions in Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled TrialsThe most commonly observed adverse reactions associated with the use of oral olanzapine (incidence of 5% or greater) and not observed at an equivalent incidence among placebo-treated patients (olanzapine incidence at least twice that for placebo) were:Table 9: Common Treatment-Emergent Adverse Reactions Associated with the Use of Oral Olanzapine in 6-Week Trials -- SCHIZOPHRENIAa Personality disorder is the COSTART term for designating nonaggressive objectionable behavior.Adverse ReactionPercentage of Patients Reporting EventOlanzapine(N=248)Placebo(N=118)Postural hypotension52Constipation93Weight gain61Dizziness114Personality disordera 84Akathisia51Table 10: Common Treatment-Emergent Adverse Reactions Associated with the Use of Oral Olanzapine in 3-Week and 4-Week Trials -- Bipolar Disorder (Manic or Mixed Episodes)Adverse ReactionPercentage of Patients Reporting EventOlanzapine(N=125)Placebo(N=129)Asthenia156Dry mouth227Constipation115Dyspepsia115Increased appetite63Somnolence3513Dizziness186Tremor63. Olanzapine Intramuscular -- There was adverse reaction (somnolence) observed at an incidence of 5% or greater among intramuscular olanzapine for injection-treated patients and not observed at an equivalent incidence among placebo-treated patients (olanzapine incidence at least twice that for placebo) during the placebo-controlled premarketing studies. The incidence of somnolence during the 24 hour IM treatment period in clinical trials in agitated patients with schizophrenia or bipolar mania was 6% for intramuscular olanzapine for injection and 3% for placebo.. Adverse Reactions Occurring at an Incidence of 2% or More among Oral Olanzapine-Treated Patients in Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled TrialsTable 11 enumerates the incidence, rounded to the nearest percent, of treatment-emergent adverse reactions that occurred in 2% or more of patients treated with oral olanzapine (doses >=2.5 mg/day) and with incidence greater than placebo who participated in the acute phase of placebo-controlled trials.Table 11: Treatment-Emergent Adverse Reactions: Incidence in Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trials with Oral OlanzapineBody System/Adverse ReactionPercentage of Patients Reporting EventOlanzapine(N=532)Placebo(N=294)Body as WholeAccidental injury128Asthenia109Fever62Back pain52Chest pain31Cardiovascular SystemPostural hypotension31Tachycardia31Hypertension21Digestive SystemDry mouth95Constipation94Dyspepsia75Vomiting43Increased appetite32Hemic and Lymphatic SystemEcchymosis53Metabolic and Nutritional DisordersWeight gain53Peripheral edema31Musculoskeletal SystemExtremity pain (other than joint)53Joint pain53Nervous SystemSomnolence2913Insomnia1211Dizziness114Abnormal gait61Tremor43Akathisia32Hypertonia32Articulation impairment21Respiratory SystemRhinitis76Cough increased63Pharyngitis43Special SensesAmblyopia32Urogenital SystemUrinary incontinence21Urinary tract infection21. Dose Dependency of Adverse ReactionsA dose group difference has been observed for fatigue, dizziness, weight gain and prolactin elevation. In single 8-week randomized, double-blind, fixed-dose study comparing 10 (N=199), 20 (N=200) and 40 (N=200) mg/day of oral olanzapine in adult patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder, incidence of fatigue (10 mg/day: 1.5%; 20 mg/day: 2.1%; 40 mg/day: 6.6%) was observed with significant differences between 10 vs 40 and 20 vs 40 mg/day. The incidence of dizziness (10 mg/day: 2.6%; 20 mg/day: 1.6%; 40 mg/day: 6.6%) was observed with significant differences between 20 vs 40 mg. Dose group differences were also noted for weight gain and prolactin elevation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5, 5.15)].The following table addresses dose relatedness for other adverse reactions using data from schizophrenia trial involving fixed dosage ranges of oral olanzapine. It enumerates the percentage of patients with treatment-emergent adverse reactions for the fixed-dose range groups and placebo. The data were analyzed using the Cochran-Armitage test, excluding the placebo group, and the table includes only those adverse reactions for which there was trend.Table 12: Percentage of Patients from Schizophrenia Trial with Treatment-Emergent Adverse Reactions for the Dose Range Groups and PlaceboPercentage of Patients Reporting EventOlanzapineOlanzapineOlanzapinePlacebo5 +- 2.5 mg/day10 +- 2.5 mg/day15 +- 2.5 mg/dayAdverse Reaction(N=68)(N=65)(N=64)(N=69)Asthenia158920Dry mouth43513Nausea9029Somnolence16203039Tremor3057. Commonly Observed Adverse Reactions in Short-Term Trials of Oral Olanzapine as Adjunct to Lithium or ValproateIn the bipolar disorder (manic or mixed episodes) adjunct placebo-controlled trials, the most commonly observed adverse reactions associated with the combination of olanzapine and lithium or valproate (incidence of >=5% and at least twice placebo) were:Table 13: Common Treatment-Emergent Adverse Reactions Associated with the Use of Oral Olanzapine in 6-Week Adjunct to Lithium or Valproate Trials -- Bipolar Disorder (Manic or Mixed Episodes)Adverse ReactionPercentage of Patients Reporting EventOlanzapine with lithium or valproate(N=229)Placebo with lithium or valproate(N=115)Dry mouth329Weight gain267Increased appetite248Dizziness147Back pain84Constipation84Speech disorder71Increased salivation62Amnesia52Paresthesia52. Adverse Reactions Occurring at an Incidence of 2% or More among Oral Olanzapine-Treated Patients in Short-Term Trials of Olanzapine as Adjunct to Lithium or ValproateTable 14 enumerates the incidence, rounded to the nearest percent, of treatment-emergent adverse reactions that occurred in 2% or more of patients treated with the combination of olanzapine (doses >=5 mg/day) and lithium or valproate and with incidence greater than lithium or valproate alone who participated in the acute phase of placebo-controlled combination trials.Table 14: Treatment-Emergent Adverse Reactions: Incidence in Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trials of Oral Olanzapine as Adjunct to Lithium or Valproatea Denominator used was for females only (olanzapine, N=128; placebo, N=51).Body System/Adverse ReactionPercentage of Patients Reporting EventOlanzapine with lithium or valproate(N=229)Placebo with lithium or valproate(N=115)Body as WholeAsthenia1813Back pain84Accidental injury42Chest pain32Cardiovascular SystemHypertension21Digestive SystemDry mouth329Increased appetite248Thirst106Constipation84Increased salivation62Metabolic and Nutritional DisordersWeight gain267Peripheral edema64Edema21Nervous SystemSomnolence5227Tremor2313Depression1817Dizziness147Speech disorder71Amnesia52Paresthesia52Apathy43Confusion41Euphoria32Incoordination20Respiratory SystemPharyngitis41Dyspnea31Skin and AppendagesSweating31Acne20Dry skin20Special SensesAmblyopia95Abnormal vision20Urogenital SystemDysmenorrheaa 20Vaginitisa 20For specific information about the adverse reactions observed with lithium or valproate, refer to the Adverse Reactions section of the package inserts for these other products.. Adverse Reactions Occurring at an Incidence of 1% or More among Intramuscular Olanzapine for Injection-Treated Patients in Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled TrialsTable 15 enumerates the incidence, rounded to the nearest percent, of treatment-emergent adverse reactions that occurred in 1% or more of patients treated with intramuscular olanzapine for injection (dose range of 2.5-10 mg/injection) and with incidence greater than placebo who participated in the short-term, placebo-controlled trials in agitated patients with schizophrenia or bipolar mania.Table 15: Treatment-Emergent Adverse Reactions: Incidence in Short-Term (24 Hour), Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trials with Intramuscular Olanzapine for Injection in Agitated Patients with Schizophrenia or Bipolar ManiaBody System/Adverse ReactionPercentage of Patients Reporting EventOlanzapine(N=415)Placebo(N=150)Body as WholeAsthenia21Cardiovascular SystemHypotension20Postural hypotension10Nervous SystemSomnolence63Dizziness42Tremor10. Extrapyramidal SymptomsThe following table enumerates the percentage of patients with treatment-emergent extrapyramidal symptoms as assessed by categorical analyses of formal rating scales during acute therapy in controlled clinical trial comparing oral olanzapine at fixed doses with placebo in the treatment of schizophrenia in 6-week trial.Table 16: Treatment-Emergent Extrapyramidal Symptoms Assessed by Rating Scales Incidence in Fixed Dosage Range, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial of Oral Olanzapine in Schizophrenia -- Acute Phasea Percentage of patients with Simpson-Angus Scale total score >3.b Percentage of patients with Barnes Akathisia Scale global score >=2.Percentage of Patients Reporting EventPlaceboOlanzapine5 +- 2.5 mg/dayOlanzapine10 +- 2.5 mg/dayOlanzapine15 +- 2.5 mg/dayParkinsonisma 15141214Akathisiab 23161927The following table enumerates the percentage of patients with treatment-emergent extrapyramidal symptoms as assessed by spontaneously reported adverse reactions during acute therapy in the same controlled clinical trial comparing olanzapine at fixed doses with placebo in the treatment of schizophrenia in 6-week trial.Table 17: Treatment-Emergent Extrapyramidal Symptoms Assessed by Adverse Reactions Incidence in Fixed Dosage Range, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial of Oral Olanzapine in Schizophrenia -- Acute Phasea Patients with the following COSTART terms were counted in this category: dystonia, generalized spasm, neck rigidity, oculogyric crisis, opisthotonos, torticollis.b Patients with the following COSTART terms were counted in this category: akinesia, cogwheel rigidity, extrapyramidal syndrome, hypertonia, hypokinesia, masked facies, tremor.c Patients with the following COSTART terms were counted in this category: akathisia, hyperkinesia.d Patients with the following COSTART terms were counted in this category: buccoglossal syndrome, choreoathetosis, dyskinesia, tardive dyskinesia.e Patients with the following COSTART terms were counted in this category: movement disorder, myoclonus, twitching.Percentage of Patients Reporting EventPlacebo(N=68)Olanzapine5 +- 2.5 mg/day(N=65)Olanzapine10 +- 2.5 mg/day(N=64)Olanzapine15 +- 2.5 mg/day(N=69)Dystonic eventsa 1323Parkinsonism eventsb 1081420Akathisia eventsc 151110Dyskinetic eventsd 4021Residual eventse 1251Any extrapyramidal event16152532The following table enumerates the percentage of adolescent patients with treatment-emergent extrapyramidal symptoms as assessed by spontaneously reported adverse reactions during acute therapy (dose range: 2.5 to 20 mg/day).Table 18: Treatment-Emergent Extrapyramidal Symptoms Assessed by Adverse Reactions Incidence in Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trials of Oral Olanzapine in Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder -- Adolescentsa Categories are based on Standard MedDRA Queries (SMQ) for extrapyramidal symptoms as defined in MedDRA version 12.0.Percentage of Patients Reporting EventPlaceboOlanzapineCategoriesa (N=89)(N=179)Dystonic events01Parkinsonism events21Akathisia events46Dyskinetic events01Nonspecific events04Any extrapyramidal event610The following table enumerates the percentage of patients with treatment-emergent extrapyramidal symptoms as assessed by categorical analyses of formal rating scales during controlled clinical trials comparing fixed doses of intramuscular olanzapine for injection with placebo in agitation. Patients in each dose group could receive up to injections during the trials [see Clinical Studies (14.3)]. Patient assessments were conducted during the 24 hours following the initial dose of intramuscular olanzapine for injection. Table 19: Treatment-Emergent Extrapyramidal Symptoms Assessed by Rating Scales Incidence in Fixed Dose, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial of Intramuscular Olanzapine for Injection in Agitated Patients with Schizophreniaa Percentage of patients with Simpson-Angus Scale total score >3.b Percentage of patients with Barnes Akathisia Scale global score >=2.Percentage of Patients Reporting EventPlaceboOlanzapineIM2.5 mgOlanzapineIM5 mgOlanzapineIM7.5 mgOlanzapineIM10 mgParkinsonisma 00003Akathisiab 00500The following table enumerates the percentage of patients with treatment-emergent extrapyramidal symptoms as assessed by spontaneously reported adverse reactions in the same controlled clinical trial comparing fixed doses of intramuscular olanzapine for injection with placebo in agitated patients with schizophrenia.Table 20: Treatment-Emergent Extrapyramidal Symptoms Assessed by Adverse Reactions Incidence in Fixed Dose, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial of Intramuscular Olanzapine for Injection in Agitated Patients with Schizophreniaa Patients with the following COSTART terms were counted in this category: dystonia, generalized spasm, neck rigidity, oculogyric crisis, opisthotonos, torticollis.b Patients with the following COSTART terms were counted in this category: akinesia, cogwheel rigidity, extrapyramidal syndrome, hypertonia, hypokinesia, masked facies, tremor.c Patients with the following COSTART terms were counted in this category: akathisia, hyperkinesia.d Patients with the following COSTART terms were counted in this category: buccoglossal syndrome, choreoathetosis, dyskinesia, tardive dyskinesia.e Patients with the following COSTART terms were counted in this category: movement disorder, myoclonus, twitching.Percentage of Patients Reporting EventPlacebo(N=45)OlanzapineIM2.5 mg(N=48)OlanzapineIM5 mg(N=45)OlanzapineIM7.5 mg(N=46)OlanzapineIM10 mg(N=46)Dystonic eventsa 00000Parkinsonism eventsb 04200Akathisia eventsc 02000Dyskinetic eventsd 00000Residual eventse 00000Any extrapyramidal events04200. Dystonia, Class Effect: Symptoms of dystonia, prolonged abnormal contractions of muscle groups, may occur in susceptible individuals during the first few days of treatment. Dystonic symptoms include: spasm of the neck muscles, sometimes progressing to tightness of the throat, swallowing difficulty, difficulty breathing, and/or protrusion of the tongue. While these symptoms can occur at low doses, the frequency and severity are greater with high potency and at higher doses of first generation antipsychotic drugs. In general, an elevated risk of acute dystonia may be observed in males and younger age groups receiving antipsychotics; however, events of dystonia have been reported infrequently (<1%) with olanzapine use.. Other Adverse ReactionsOther Adverse Reactions Observed During the Clinical Trial Evaluation of Oral OlanzapineFollowing is list of treatment-emergent adverse reactions reported by patients treated with oral olanzapine (at multiple doses >=1 mg/day) in clinical trials. This listing is not intended to include reactions (1) already listed in previous tables or elsewhere in labeling, (2) for which drug cause was remote, (3) which were so general as to be uninformative, (4) which were not considered to have significant clinical implications, or (5) which occurred at rate equal to or less than placebo. Reactions are classified by body system using the following definitions: frequent adverse reactions are those occurring in at least 1/100 patients; infrequent adverse reactions are those occurring in 1/100 to 1/1000 patients; rare reactions are those occurring in fewer than 1/1000 patients. Body as Whole -- Infrequent: chills, face edema, photosensitivity reaction, suicide attempt1; Rare: chills and fever, hangover effect, sudden death1. Cardiovascular System -- Infrequent: cerebrovascular accident, vasodilatation. Digestive System -- Infrequent: abdominal distension, nausea and vomiting, tongue edema; Rare: ileus, intestinal obstruction, liver fatty deposit. Hemic and Lymphatic System -- Infrequent: thrombocytopenia. Metabolic and Nutritional Disorders -- Frequent: alkaline phosphatase increased; Infrequent: bilirubinemia, hypoproteinemia. Musculoskeletal System -- Rare: osteoporosis. Nervous System -- Infrequent: ataxia, dysarthria, libido decreased, stupor; Rare: coma. Respiratory System -- Infrequent: epistaxis; Rare: lung edema. Skin and Appendages -- Infrequent: alopecia. Special Senses -- Infrequent: abnormality of accommodation, dry eyes; Rare: mydriasis. Urogenital System -- Infrequent: amenorrhea2, breast pain, decreased menstruation, impotence2, increased menstruation2, menorrhagia2, metrorrhagia2, polyuria2, urinary frequency, urinary retention, urinary urgency, urination impaired.1 These terms represent serious adverse events but do not meet the definition for adverse drug reactions. They are included here because of their seriousness.2 Adjusted for gender.. Body as Whole -- Infrequent: chills, face edema, photosensitivity reaction, suicide attempt1; Rare: chills and fever, hangover effect, sudden death1.. Cardiovascular System -- Infrequent: cerebrovascular accident, vasodilatation.. Digestive System -- Infrequent: abdominal distension, nausea and vomiting, tongue edema; Rare: ileus, intestinal obstruction, liver fatty deposit.. Hemic and Lymphatic System -- Infrequent: thrombocytopenia.. Metabolic and Nutritional Disorders -- Frequent: alkaline phosphatase increased; Infrequent: bilirubinemia, hypoproteinemia.. Musculoskeletal System -- Rare: osteoporosis.. Nervous System -- Infrequent: ataxia, dysarthria, libido decreased, stupor; Rare: coma.. Respiratory System -- Infrequent: epistaxis; Rare: lung edema.. Skin and Appendages -- Infrequent: alopecia.. Special Senses -- Infrequent: abnormality of accommodation, dry eyes; Rare: mydriasis.. Urogenital System -- Infrequent: amenorrhea2, breast pain, decreased menstruation, impotence2, increased menstruation2, menorrhagia2, metrorrhagia2, polyuria2, urinary frequency, urinary retention, urinary urgency, urination impaired.. Other Adverse Reactions Observed During the Clinical Trial Evaluation of Intramuscular Olanzapine for InjectionFollowing is list of treatment-emergent adverse reactions reported by patients treated with intramuscular olanzapine for injection (at or more doses >=2.5 mg/injection) in clinical trials. This listing is not intended to include reactions (1) already listed in previous tables or elsewhere in labeling, (2) for which drug cause was remote, (3) which were so general as to be uninformative, (4) which were not considered to have significant clinical implications, or (5) for which occurred at rate equal to or less than placebo. Reactions are classified by body system using the following definitions: frequent adverse reactions are those occurring in at least 1/100 patients; infrequent adverse reactions are those occurring in 1/100 to 1/1000 patients. Body as Whole -- Frequent: injection site pain. Cardiovascular System -- Infrequent: syncope. Digestive System -- Infrequent: nausea. Metabolic and Nutritional Disorders -- Infrequent: creatine phosphokinase increased.. Body as Whole -- Frequent: injection site pain.. Cardiovascular System -- Infrequent: syncope.. Digestive System -- Infrequent: nausea.. Metabolic and Nutritional Disorders -- Infrequent: creatine phosphokinase increased.. Clinical Trials in Adolescent Patients (age 13 to 17 years). Commonly Observed Adverse Reactions in Oral Olanzapine Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled TrialsAdverse reactions in adolescent patients treated with oral olanzapine (doses >=2.5 mg) reported with an incidence of 5% or more and reported at least twice as frequently as placebo-treated patients are listed in Table 21.Table 21: Treatment-Emergent Adverse Reactions of >=5% Incidence among Adolescents (13-17 Years Old) with Schizophrenia or Bipolar Disorder (Manic or Mixed Episodes)a Patients with the following MedDRA terms were counted in this category: hypersomnia, lethargy, sedation, somnolence.b Patients with the following MedDRA terms were counted in this category: abdominal pain, abdominal pain lower, abdominal pain upper.Adverse ReactionsPercentage of Patients Reporting Event6 Week Trial% Schizophrenia Patients3 Week Trial% Bipolar PatientsOlanzapine(N=72)Placebo(N=35)Olanzapine(N=107)Placebo(N=54)Sedationa 399489Weight increased319294Headache1761717Increased appetite179294Dizziness8372Abdominal painb 6367Pain in extremity6350Fatigue33146Dry mouth4070. Adverse Reactions Occurring at an Incidence of 2% or More among Oral Olanzapine-Treated Patients in Short-Term (3-6 weeks), Placebo-Controlled TrialsAdverse reactions in adolescent patients treated with oral olanzapine (doses >=2.5 mg) reported with an incidence of 2% or more and greater than placebo are listed in Table 22.Table 22: Treatment-Emergent Adverse Reactions of >=2% Incidence among Adolescents (13-17 Years Old) (Combined Incidence from Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trials of Schizophrenia or Bipolar Disorder [Manic or Mixed Episodes])a Patients with the following MedDRA terms were counted in this category: hypersomnia, lethargy, sedation, somnolence.b The terms alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and hepatic enzyme were combined under liver enzymes.c Patients with the following MedDRA terms were counted in this category: lower respiratory tract infection, respiratory tract infection, respiratory tract infection viral, upper respiratory tract infection, viral upper respiratory tract infection.Adverse ReactionPercentage of Patients Reporting EventOlanzapine(N=179)Placebo(N=89)Sedationa 449Weight increased306Increased appetite246Headache1712Fatigue94Dizziness72Dry mouth60Pain in extremity51Constipation40Nasopharyngitis42Diarrhea30Restlessness32Liver enzymes increasedb 81Dyspepsia31Epistaxis30Respiratory tract infectionc 32Sinusitis30Arthralgia20Musculoskeletal stiffness20. Vital Signs and Laboratory Studies. Vital Sign Changes -- Oral olanzapine was associated with orthostatic hypotension and tachycardia in clinical trials. Intramuscular olanzapine for injection was associated with bradycardia, hypotension, and tachycardia in clinical trials [see Warnings and Precautions (5)].. Laboratory Changes. Olanzapine Monotherapy in Adults: An assessment of the premarketing experience for olanzapine revealed an association with asymptomatic increases in ALT, AST, and GGT. Within the original premarketing database of about 2400 adult patients with baseline ALT <=90 IU/L, the incidence of ALT elevations to >200 IU/L was 2% (50/2381). None of these patients experienced jaundice or other symptoms attributable to liver impairment and most had transient changes that tended to normalize while olanzapine treatment was continued.In placebo-controlled olanzapine monotherapy studies in adults, clinically significant ALT elevations (change from <3 times the upper limit of normal [ULN] at baseline to >=3 times ULN) were observed in 5% (77/1426) of patients exposed to olanzapine compared to 1% (10/1187) of patients exposed to placebo. ALT elevations >=5 times ULN were observed in 2% (29/1438) of olanzapine-treated patients, compared to 0.3% (4/1196) of placebo-treated patients. ALT values returned to normal, or were decreasing, at last follow-up in the majority of patients who either continued treatment with olanzapine or discontinued olanzapine. No patient with elevated ALT values experienced jaundice, liver failure, or met the criteria for Hys Rule.From an analysis of the laboratory data in an integrated database of 41 completed clinical studies in adult patients treated with oral olanzapine, high GGT levels were recorded in >=1% (88/5245) of patients.Caution should be exercised in patients with signs and symptoms of hepatic impairment, in patients with pre-existing conditions associated with limited hepatic functional reserve, and in patients who are being treated with potentially hepatotoxic drugs.Olanzapine administration was also associated with increases in serum prolactin [see Warnings and Precautions (5.15)], with an asymptomatic elevation of the eosinophil count in 0.3% of patients, and with an increase in CPK.From an analysis of the laboratory data in an integrated database of 41 completed clinical studies in adult patients treated with oral olanzapine, elevated uric acid was recorded in >=3% (171/4641) of patients.. Olanzapine Monotherapy in Adolescents: In placebo-controlled clinical trials of adolescent patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder (manic or mixed episodes), greater frequencies for the following treatment-emergent findings, at anytime, were observed in laboratory analytes compared to placebo: elevated ALT (>=3X ULN in patients with ALT at baseline <3X ULN), (12% vs 2%); elevated AST (28% vs 4%); low total bilirubin (22% vs 7%); elevated GGT (10% vs 1%); and elevated prolactin (47% vs 7%).In placebo-controlled olanzapine monotherapy studies in adolescents, clinically significant ALT elevations (change from <3 times ULN at baseline to >=3 times ULN) were observed in 12% (22/192) of patients exposed to olanzapine compared to 2% (2/109) of patients exposed to placebo. ALT elevations >=5 times ULN were observed in 4% (8/192) of olanzapine-treated patients, compared to 1% (1/109) of placebo-treated patients. ALT values returned to normal, or were decreasing, at last follow-up in the majority of patients who either continued treatment with olanzapine or discontinued olanzapine. No adolescent patient with elevated ALT values experienced jaundice, liver failure, or met the criteria for Hys Rule.. ECG Changes -- In pooled studies of adults as well as pooled studies of adolescents, there were no significant differences between olanzapine and placebo in the proportions of patients experiencing potentially important changes in ECG parameters, including QT, QTc (Fridericia corrected), and PR intervals. Olanzapine use was associated with mean increase in heart rate compared to placebo (adults: +2.4 beats per minute vs no change with placebo; adolescents: +6.3 beats per minute vs -5.1 beats per minute with placebo). This increase in heart rate may be related to olanzapines potential for inducing orthostatic changes [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)].

ANIMAL PHARMACOLOGY & OR TOXICOLOGY SECTION.


13.2 Animal Toxicology and/or Pharmacology. In animal studies with olanzapine, the principal hematologic findings were reversible peripheral cytopenias in individual dogs dosed at 10 mg/kg (17 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area), dose-related decreases in lymphocytes and neutrophils in mice, and lymphopenia in rats. few dogs treated with 10 mg/kg developed reversible neutropenia and/or reversible hemolytic anemia between and 10 months of treatment. Dose-related decreases in lymphocytes and neutrophils were seen in mice given doses of 10 mg/kg (equal to times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area) in studies of months duration. Nonspecific lymphopenia, consistent with decreased body weight gain, occurred in rats receiving 22.5 mg/kg (11 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area) for months or 16 mg/kg (8 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area) for or 12 months. No evidence of bone marrow cytotoxicity was found in any of the species examined. Bone marrows were normocellular or hypercellular, indicating that the reductions in circulating blood cells were probably due to peripheral (non-marrow) factors.

BOXED WARNING SECTION.


WARNING: INCREASED MORTALITY IN ELDERLY PATIENTS WITH DEMENTIA-RELATED PSYCHOSIS. Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with antipsychotic drugs are at an increased risk of death. Analyses of seventeen placebo-controlled trials (modal duration of 10 weeks), largely in patients taking atypical antipsychotic drugs, revealed risk of death in drug-treated patients of between 1.6 to 1.7 times the risk of death in placebo-treated patients. Over the course of typical 10-week controlled trial, the rate of death in drug-treated patients was about 4.5%, compared to rate of about 2.6% in the placebo group. Although the causes of death were varied, most of the deaths appeared to be either cardiovascular (e.g., heart failure, sudden death) or infectious (e.g., pneumonia) in nature. Observational studies suggest that, similar to atypical antipsychotic drugs, treatment with conventional antipsychotic drugs may increase mortality. The extent to which the findings of increased mortality in observational studies may be attributed to the antipsychotic drug as opposed to some characteristic(s) of the patients is not clear. ZYPREXA (olanzapine) is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1), Use in Specific Populations (8.5), and Patient Counseling Information (17)].When using ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination, also refer to the Boxed Warning section of the package insert for Symbyax.. WARNING: INCREASED MORTALITY IN ELDERLY PATIENTS WITH DEMENTIA-RELATED PSYCHOSISSee full prescribing information for complete boxed warning.Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with antipsychotic drugs are at an increased risk of death. ZYPREXA is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis. (5.1, 8.5, 17)When using ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination, also refer to the Boxed Warning section of the package insert for Symbyax.. Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with antipsychotic drugs are at an increased risk of death. ZYPREXA is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis. (5.1, 8.5, 17). When using ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination, also refer to the Boxed Warning section of the package insert for Symbyax.

CARCINOGENESIS & MUTAGENESIS & IMPAIRMENT OF FERTILITY SECTION.


13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility. Carcinogenesis -- Oral carcinogenicity studies were conducted in mice and rats. Olanzapine was administered to mice in two 78-week studies at doses of 3, 10, 30/20 mg/kg/day (equivalent to 0.8-5 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area) and 0.25, 2, mg/kg/day (equivalent to 0.06-2 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area). Rats were dosed for years at doses of 0.25, 1, 2.5, mg/kg/day (males) and 0.25, 1, 4, mg/kg/day (females) (equivalent to 0.13-2 and 0.13-4 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area, respectively). The incidence of liver hemangiomas and hemangiosarcomas was significantly increased in mouse study in female mice at times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area. These tumors were not increased in another mouse study in females dosed up to 2-5 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area; in this study, there was high incidence of early mortalities in males of the 30/20 mg/kg/day group. The incidence of mammary gland adenomas and adenocarcinomas was significantly increased in female mice dosed at >=2 mg/kg/day and in female rats dosed at >=4 mg/kg/day (0.5 and times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area, respectively). Antipsychotic drugs have been shown to chronically elevate prolactin levels in rodents. Serum prolactin levels were not measured during the olanzapine carcinogenicity studies; however, measurements during subchronic toxicity studies showed that olanzapine elevated serum prolactin levels up to 4-fold in rats at the same doses used in the carcinogenicity study. An increase in mammary gland neoplasms has been found in rodents after chronic administration of other antipsychotic drugs and is considered to be prolactin mediated. The relevance for human risk of the finding of prolactin mediated endocrine tumors in rodents is unknown [see Warnings and Precautions (5.15)].Mutagenesis -- No evidence of genotoxic potential for olanzapine was found in the Ames reverse mutation test, in vivo micronucleus test in mice, the chromosomal aberration test in Chinese hamster ovary cells, unscheduled DNULL synthesis test in rat hepatocytes, induction of forward mutation test in mouse lymphoma cells, or in vivo sister chromatid exchange test in bone marrow of Chinese hamsters.Impairment of Fertility -- In an oral fertility and reproductive performance study in rats, male mating performance, but not fertility, was impaired at dose of 22.4 mg/kg/day and female fertility was decreased at dose of mg/kg/day (11 and 1.5 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area, respectively). Discontinuance of olanzapine treatment reversed the effects on male mating performance. In female rats, the precoital period was increased and the mating index reduced at mg/kg/day (2.5 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area). Diestrous was prolonged and estrous delayed at 1.1 mg/kg/day (0.6 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area); therefore olanzapine may produce delay in ovulation.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY SECTION.


12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY. 12.1 Mechanism of Action. The mechanism of action of olanzapine, in the listed indications is unclear. However, the efficacy of olanzapine in schizophrenia could be mediated through combination of dopamine and serotonin type (5HT2) antagonism. 12.2 Pharmacodynamics. Olanzapine binds with high affinity to the following receptors: serotonin 5HT2A/2C, 5HT6 (Ki=4, 11, and nM, respectively), dopamine D1-4 (Ki=11-31 nM), histamine H1 (Ki=7 nM), and adrenergic receptors (Ki=19 nM). Olanzapine is an antagonist with moderate affinity binding for serotonin 5HT3 (Ki=57 nM) and muscarinic M1-5 (Ki=73, 96, 132, 32, and 48 nM, respectively). Olanzapine binds with low affinity to GABAA, BZD, and -adrenergic receptors (Ki>10 uM).. 12.3 Pharmacokinetics. Oral Administration, Monotherapy -- Olanzapine is well absorbed and reaches peak concentrations in approximately hours following an oral dose. It is eliminated extensively by first pass metabolism, with approximately 40% of the dose metabolized before reaching the systemic circulation. Food does not affect the rate or extent of olanzapine absorption. Pharmacokinetic studies showed that ZYPREXA tablets and ZYPREXA ZYDIS (olanzapine orally disintegrating tablets) dosage forms of olanzapine are bioequivalent.Olanzapine displays linear kinetics over the clinical dosing range. Its half-life ranges from 21 to 54 hours (5th to 95th percentile; mean of 30 hr), and apparent plasma clearance ranges from 12 to 47 L/hr (5th to 95th percentile; mean of 25 L/hr).Administration of olanzapine once daily leads to steady-state concentrations in about week that are approximately twice the concentrations after single doses. Plasma concentrations, half-life, and clearance of olanzapine may vary between individuals on the basis of smoking status, gender, and age.Olanzapine is extensively distributed throughout the body, with volume of distribution of approximately 1000 L. It is 93% bound to plasma proteins over the concentration range of to 1100 ng/mL, binding primarily to albumin and 1-acid glycoprotein.. Metabolism and Elimination -- Following single oral dose of 14C labeled olanzapine, 7% of the dose of olanzapine was recovered in the urine as unchanged drug, indicating that olanzapine is highly metabolized. Approximately 57% and 30% of the dose was recovered in the urine and feces, respectively. In the plasma, olanzapine accounted for only 12% of the AUC for total radioactivity, indicating significant exposure to metabolites. After multiple dosing, the major circulating metabolites were the 10-N-glucuronide, present at steady state at 44% of the concentration of olanzapine, and 4-N-desmethyl olanzapine, present at steady state at 31% of the concentration of olanzapine. Both metabolites lack pharmacological activity at the concentrations observed.Direct glucuronidation and cytochrome P450 (CYP) mediated oxidation are the primary metabolic pathways for olanzapine. In vitro studies suggest that CYPs 1A2 and 2D6, and the flavin-containing monooxygenase system are involved in olanzapine oxidation. CYP2D6 mediated oxidation appears to be minor metabolic pathway in vivo, because the clearance of olanzapine is not reduced in subjects who are deficient in this enzyme.. Intramuscular Administration -- ZYPREXA IntraMuscular results in rapid absorption with peak plasma concentrations occurring within 15 to 45 minutes. Based upon pharmacokinetic study in healthy volunteers, 5 mg dose of intramuscular olanzapine for injection produces, on average, maximum plasma concentration approximately times higher than the maximum plasma concentration produced by 5 mg dose of oral olanzapine. Area under the curve achieved after an intramuscular dose is similar to that achieved after oral administration of the same dose. The half-life observed after intramuscular administration is similar to that observed after oral dosing. The pharmacokinetics are linear over the clinical dosing range. Metabolic profiles after intramuscular administration are qualitatively similar to metabolic profiles after oral administration.. Specific Populations. Renal Impairment -- Because olanzapine is highly metabolized before excretion and only 7% of the drug is excreted unchanged, renal dysfunction alone is unlikely to have major impact on the pharmacokinetics of olanzapine. The pharmacokinetic characteristics of olanzapine were similar in patients with severe renal impairment and normal subjects, indicating that dosage adjustment based upon the degree of renal impairment is not required. In addition, olanzapine is not removed by dialysis. The effect of renal impairment on metabolite elimination has not been studied.. Hepatic Impairment -- Although the presence of hepatic impairment may be expected to reduce the clearance of olanzapine, study of the effect of impaired liver function in subjects (n=6) with clinically significant (Childs Pugh Classification and B) cirrhosis revealed little effect on the pharmacokinetics of olanzapine.. Geriatric -- In study involving 24 healthy subjects, the mean elimination half-life of olanzapine was about 1.5 times greater in elderly (>=65 years) than in nonelderly subjects (<65 years). Caution should be used in dosing the elderly, especially if there are other factors that might additively influence drug metabolism and/or pharmacodynamic sensitivity [see Dosage and Administration (2)].. Gender -- Clearance of olanzapine is approximately 30% lower in women than in men. There were, however, no apparent differences between men and women in effectiveness or adverse effects. Dosage modifications based on gender should not be needed.. Smoking Status -- Olanzapine clearance is about 40% higher in smokers than in nonsmokers, although dosage modifications are not routinely recommended.. Race -- In vivo studies have shown that exposures are similar among Japanese, Chinese and Caucasians, especially after normalization for body weight differences. Dosage modifications for race are, therefore, not recommended.. Combined Effects -- The combined effects of age, smoking, and gender could lead to substantial pharmacokinetic differences in populations. The clearance in young smoking males, for example, may be times higher than that in elderly nonsmoking females. Dosing modification may be necessary in patients who exhibit combination of factors that may result in slower metabolism of olanzapine [see Dosage and Administration (2)].. Adolescents (ages 13 to 17 years) -- In clinical studies, most adolescents were nonsmokers and this population had lower average body weight, which resulted in higher average olanzapine exposure compared to adults.

CLINICAL STUDIES SECTION.


14 CLINICAL STUDIES. When using ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination, also refer to the Clinical Studies section of the package insert for Symbyax.. 14.1 Schizophrenia. AdultsThe efficacy of oral olanzapine in the treatment of schizophrenia was established in short-term (6-week) controlled trials of adult inpatients who met DSM III-R criteria for schizophrenia. single haloperidol arm was included as comparative treatment in of the trials, but this trial did not compare these drugs on the full range of clinically relevant doses for both.Several instruments were used for assessing psychiatric signs and symptoms in these studies, among them the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), multi-text inventory of general psychopathology traditionally used to evaluate the effects of drug treatment in schizophrenia. The BPRS psychosis cluster (conceptual disorganization, hallucinatory behavior, suspiciousness, and unusual thought content) is considered particularly useful subset for assessing actively psychotic schizophrenic patients. second traditional assessment, the Clinical Global Impression (CGI), reflects the impression of skilled observer, fully familiar with the manifestations of schizophrenia, about the overall clinical state of the patient. In addition, more recently developed scales were employed; these included the 30-text Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale (PANSS), in which are embedded the 18 texts of the BPRS, and the Scale for Assessing Negative Symptoms (SANS). The trial summaries below focus on the following outcomes: PANSS total and/or BPRS total; BPRS psychosis cluster; PANSS negative subscale or SANS; and CGI Severity. The results of the trials follow:(1) In 6-week, placebo-controlled trial (n=149) involving fixed olanzapine doses of and 10 mg/day (once daily schedule), olanzapine, at 10 mg/day (but not at mg/day), was superior to placebo on the PANSS total score (also on the extracted BPRS total), on the BPRS psychosis cluster, on the PANSS Negative subscale, and on CGI Severity.(2) In 6-week, placebo-controlled trial (n=253) involving fixed dose ranges of olanzapine (5 +- 2.5 mg/day, 10 +- 2.5 mg/day, and 15 +- 2.5 mg/day) on once daily schedule, the highest olanzapine dose groups (actual mean doses of 12 and 16 mg/day, respectively) were superior to placebo on BPRS total score, BPRS psychosis cluster, and CGI severity score; the highest olanzapine dose group was superior to placebo on the SANS. There was no clear advantage for the high-dose group over the medium-dose group.(3) In longer-term trial, adult outpatients (n=326) who predominantly met DSM-IV criteria for schizophrenia and who remained stable on olanzapine during open-label treatment for at least weeks were randomized to continuation on their current olanzapine doses (ranging from 10 to 20 mg/day) or to placebo. The follow-up period to observe patients for relapse, defined in terms of increases in BPRS positive symptoms or hospitalization, was planned for 12 months, however, criteria were met for stopping the trial early due to an excess of placebo relapses compared to olanzapine relapses, and olanzapine was superior to placebo on time to relapse, the primary outcome for this study. Thus, olanzapine was more effective than placebo at maintaining efficacy in patients stabilized for approximately weeks and followed for an observation period of up to months.Examination of population subsets (race and gender) did not reveal any differential responsiveness on the basis of these subgroupings.. AdolescentsThe efficacy of oral olanzapine in the acute treatment of schizophrenia in adolescents (ages 13 to 17 years) was established in 6-week double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial of inpatients and outpatients with schizophrenia (n=107) who met diagnostic criteria according to DSM-IV-TR and confirmed by the Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Aged Children-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL).The primary rating instrument used for assessing psychiatric signs and symptoms in this trial was the Anchored Version of the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale for Children (BPRS-C) total score.In this flexible-dose trial, olanzapine 2.5 to 20 mg/day (mean modal dose 12.5 mg/day, mean dose of 11.1 mg/day) was more effective than placebo in the treatment of adolescents diagnosed with schizophrenia, as supported by the statistically significantly greater mean reduction in BPRS-C total score for patients in the olanzapine treatment group than in the placebo group.While there is no body of evidence available to answer the question of how long the adolescent patient treated with ZYPREXA should be maintained, maintenance efficacy can be extrapolated from adult data along with comparisons of olanzapine pharmacokinetic parameters in adult and adolescent patients. It is generally recommended that responding patients be continued beyond the acute response, but at the lowest dose needed to maintain remission. Patients should be periodically reassessed to determine the need for maintenance treatment.. 14.2 Bipolar Disorder (Manic or Mixed Episodes). AdultsMonotherapy -- The efficacy of oral olanzapine in the treatment of manic or mixed episodes was established in short-term (one 3-week and one 4-week) placebo-controlled trials in adult patients who met the DSM-IV criteria for bipolar disorder with manic or mixed episodes. These trials included patients with or without psychotic features and with or without rapid-cycling course.The primary rating instrument used for assessing manic symptoms in these trials was the Young Mania Rating Scale (Y-MRS), an 11-text clinician-rated scale traditionally used to assess the degree of manic symptomatology (irritability, disruptive/aggressive behavior, sleep, elevated mood, speech, increased activity, sexual interest, language/thought disorder, thought content, appearance, and insight) in range from (no manic features) to 60 (maximum score). The primary outcome in these trials was change from baseline in the Y-MRS total score. The results of the trials follow:(1) In one 3-week placebo-controlled trial (n=67) which involved dose range of olanzapine (5-20 mg/day, once daily, starting at 10 mg/day), olanzapine was superior to placebo in the reduction of Y-MRS total score. In an identically designed trial conducted simultaneously with the first trial, olanzapine demonstrated similar treatment difference, but possibly due to sample size and site variability, was not shown to be superior to placebo on this outcome.(2) In 4-week placebo-controlled trial (n=115) which involved dose range of olanzapine (5-20 mg/day, once daily, starting at 15 mg/day), olanzapine was superior to placebo in the reduction of Y-MRS total score.(3) In another trial, 361 patients meeting DSM-IV criteria for manic or mixed episode of bipolar disorder who had responded during an initial open-label treatment phase for about weeks, on average, to olanzapine to 20 mg/day were randomized to either continuation of olanzapine at their same dose (n=225) or to placebo (n=136), for observation of relapse. Approximately 50% of the patients had discontinued from the olanzapine group by day 59 and 50% of the placebo group had discontinued by day 23 of double-blind treatment. Response during the open-label phase was defined by having decrease of the Y-MRS total score to <=12 and HAM-D 21 to <=8. Relapse during the double-blind phase was defined as an increase of the Y-MRS or HAM-D 21 total score to >=15, or being hospitalized for either mania or depression. In the randomized phase, patients receiving continued olanzapine experienced significantly longer time to relapse.. Adjunct to Lithium or Valproate -- The efficacy of oral olanzapine with concomitant lithium or valproate in the treatment of manic or mixed episodes was established in controlled trials in patients who met the DSM-IV criteria for bipolar disorder with manic or mixed episodes. These trials included patients with or without psychotic features and with or without rapid-cycling course. The results of the trials follow:(1) In one 6-week placebo-controlled combination trial, 175 outpatients on lithium or valproate therapy with inadequately controlled manic or mixed symptoms (Y-MRS >=16) were randomized to receive either olanzapine or placebo, in combination with their original therapy. Olanzapine (in dose range of 5-20 mg/day, once daily, starting at 10 mg/day) combined with lithium or valproate (in therapeutic range of 0.6 mEq/L to 1.2 mEq/L or 50 ug/mL to 125 ug/mL, respectively) was superior to lithium or valproate alone in the reduction of Y-MRS total score.(2) In second 6-week placebo-controlled combination trial, 169 outpatients on lithium or valproate therapy with inadequately controlled manic or mixed symptoms (Y-MRS >=16) were randomized to receive either olanzapine or placebo, in combination with their original therapy. Olanzapine (in dose range of 5-20 mg/day, once daily, starting at 10 mg/day) combined with lithium or valproate (in therapeutic range of 0.6 mEq/L to 1.2 mEq/L or 50 ug/mL to 125 ug/mL, respectively) was superior to lithium or valproate alone in the reduction of Y-MRS total score.. Adolescents. Acute Monotherapy -- The efficacy of oral olanzapine in the treatment of acute manic or mixed episodes in adolescents (ages 13 to 17 years) was established in 3-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial of adolescent inpatients and outpatients who met the diagnostic criteria for manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar disorder (with or without psychotic features) according to the DSM-IV-TR (n=161). Diagnosis was confirmed by the K-SADS-PL.The primary rating instrument used for assessing manic symptoms in this trial was the Adolescent Structured Young-Mania Rating Scale (Y-MRS) total score.In this flexible-dose trial, olanzapine 2.5 to 20 mg/day (mean modal dose 10.7 mg/day, mean dose of 8.9 mg/day) was more effective than placebo in the treatment of adolescents with manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar disorder, as supported by the statistically significantly greater mean reduction in Y-MRS total score for patients in the olanzapine treatment group than in the placebo group.While there is no body of evidence available to answer the question of how long the adolescent patient treated with ZYPREXA should be maintained, maintenance efficacy can be extrapolated from adult data along with comparisons of olanzapine pharmacokinetic parameters in adult and adolescent patients. It is generally recommended that responding patients be continued beyond the acute response, but at the lowest dose needed to maintain remission. Patients should be periodically reassessed to determine the need for maintenance treatment.. 14.3 Agitation Associated with Schizophrenia and Bipolar Mania. The efficacy of intramuscular olanzapine for injection for the treatment of agitation was established in short-term (24 hours of IM treatment) placebo-controlled trials in agitated adult inpatients from diagnostic groups: schizophrenia and bipolar disorder (manic or mixed episodes). Each of the trials included single active comparator treatment arm of either haloperidol injection (schizophrenia studies) or lorazepam injection (bipolar mania study). Patients enrolled in the trials needed to be: (1) judged by the clinical investigators as clinically agitated and clinically appropriate candidates for treatment with intramuscular medication, and (2) exhibiting level of agitation that met or exceeded threshold score of >=14 on the texts comprising the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) Excited Component (i.e., poor impulse control, tension, hostility, uncooperativeness and exctextent texts) with at least individual text score >=4 using 1-7 scoring system (1=absent, 4=moderate, 7=extreme). In the studies, the mean baseline PANSS Excited Component score was 18.4, with scores ranging from 13 to 32 (out of maximum score of 35), thus suggesting predominantly moderate levels of agitation with some patients experiencing mild or severe levels of agitation. The primary efficacy measure used for assessing agitation signs and symptoms in these trials was the change from baseline in the PANSS Excited Component at hours post-injection. Patients could receive up to injections during the 24 hour IM treatment periods; however, patients could not receive the second injection until after the initial hour period when the primary efficacy measure was assessed. The results of the trials follow:(1) In placebo-controlled trial in agitated inpatients meeting DSM-IV criteria for schizophrenia (n=270), fixed intramuscular olanzapine for injection doses of 2.5 mg, mg, 7.5 mg and 10 mg were evaluated. All doses were statistically superior to placebo on the PANSS Excited Component at hours post-injection. However, the effect was larger and more consistent for the highest doses. There were no significant pairwise differences for the 7.5 and 10 mg doses over the mg dose.(2) In second placebo-controlled trial in agitated inpatients meeting DSM-IV criteria for schizophrenia (n=311), fixed intramuscular olanzapine for injection dose of 10 mg was evaluated. Olanzapine for injection was statistically superior to placebo on the PANSS Excited Component at hours post-injection.(3) In placebo-controlled trial in agitated inpatients meeting DSM-IV criteria for bipolar disorder (and currently displaying an acute manic or mixed episode with or without psychotic features) (n=201), fixed intramuscular olanzapine for injection dose of 10 mg was evaluated. Olanzapine for injection was statistically superior to placebo on the PANSS Excited Component at hours post-injection.Examination of population subsets (age, race, and gender) did not reveal any differential responsiveness on the basis of these subgroupings.

CLINICAL TRIALS EXPERIENCE SECTION.


6.1 Clinical Trials Experience. Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect or predict the rates observed in practice.. Clinical Trials in AdultsThe information below for olanzapine is derived from clinical trial database for olanzapine consisting of 10,504 adult patients with approximately 4765 patient-years of exposure to olanzapine plus 722 patients with exposure to intramuscular olanzapine for injection. This database includes: (1) 2500 patients who participated in multiple-dose oral olanzapine premarketing trials in schizophrenia and Alzheimers disease representing approximately 1122 patient-years of exposure as of February 14, 1995; (2) 182 patients who participated in oral olanzapine premarketing bipolar disorder (manic or mixed episodes) trials representing approximately 66 patient-years of exposure; (3) 191 patients who participated in an oral olanzapine trial of patients having various psychiatric symptoms in association with Alzheimers disease representing approximately 29 patient-years of exposure; (4) 5788 additional patients from 88 oral olanzapine clinical trials as of December 31, 2001; (5) 1843 additional patients from 41 olanzapine clinical trials as of October 31, 2011; and (6) 722 patients who participated in intramuscular olanzapine for injection premarketing trials in agitated patients with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder (manic or mixed episodes), or dementia. Also included below is information from the premarketing 6-week clinical study database for olanzapine in combination with lithium or valproate, consisting of 224 patients who participated in bipolar disorder (manic or mixed episodes) trials with approximately 22 patient-years of exposure.The conditions and duration of treatment with olanzapine varied greatly and included (in overlapping categories) open-label and double-blind phases of studies, inpatients and outpatients, fixed-dose and dose-titration studies, and short-term or longer-term exposure. Adverse reactions were assessed by collecting adverse reactions, results of physical examinations, vital signs, weights, laboratory analytes, ECGs, chest x-rays, and results of ophthalmologic examinations.Certain portions of the discussion below relating to objective or numeric safety parameters, namely, dose-dependent adverse reactions, vital sign changes, weight gain, laboratory changes, and ECG changes are derived from studies in patients with schizophrenia and have not been duplicated for bipolar disorder (manic or mixed episodes) or agitation. However, this information is also generally applicable to bipolar disorder (manic or mixed episodes) and agitation.Adverse reactions during exposure were obtained by spontaneous report and recorded by clinical investigators using terminology of their own choosing. Consequently, it is not possible to provide meaningful estimate of the proportion of individuals experiencing adverse reactions without first grouping similar types of reactions into smaller number of standardized reaction categories. In the tables and tabulations that follow, MedDRA and COSTART Dictionary terminology has been used to classify reported adverse reactions.The stated frequencies of adverse reactions represent the proportion of individuals who experienced, at least once, treatment-emergent adverse reaction of the type listed. reaction was considered treatment emergent if it occurred for the first time or worsened while receiving therapy following baseline evaluation. The reported reactions do not include those reaction terms that were so general as to be uninformative. Reactions listed elsewhere in labeling may not be repeated below. It is important to emphasize that, although the reactions occurred during treatment with olanzapine, they were not necessarily caused by it. The entire label should be read to gain complete understanding of the safety profile of olanzapine.The prescriber should be aware that the figures in the tables and tabulations cannot be used to predict the incidence of side effects in the course of usual medical practice where patient characteristics and other factors differ from those that prevailed in the clinical trials. Similarly, the cited frequencies cannot be compared with figures obtained from other clinical investigations involving different treatments, uses, and investigators. The cited figures, however, do provide the prescribing healthcare provider with some basis for estimating the relative contribution of drug and nondrug factors to the adverse reactions incidence in the population studied.. Incidence of Adverse Reactions in Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled and Combination TrialsThe following findings are based on premarketing trials of (1) oral olanzapine for schizophrenia, bipolar disorder (manic or mixed episodes), subsequent trial of patients having various psychiatric symptoms in association with Alzheimers disease, and premarketing combination trials, and (2) intramuscular olanzapine for injection in agitated patients with schizophrenia or bipolar mania.. Adverse Reactions Associated with Discontinuation of Treatment in Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled Trials. Schizophrenia -- Overall, there was no difference in the incidence of discontinuation due to adverse reactions (5% for oral olanzapine vs 6% for placebo). However, discontinuations due to increases in ALT were considered to be drug related (2% for oral olanzapine vs 0% for placebo).. Bipolar Disorder (Manic or Mixed Episodes) Monotherapy -- Overall, there was no difference in the incidence of discontinuation due to adverse reactions (2% for oral olanzapine vs 2% for placebo).. Agitation -- Overall, there was no difference in the incidence of discontinuation due to adverse reactions (0.4% for intramuscular olanzapine for injection vs 0% for placebo).. Adverse Reactions Associated with Discontinuation of Treatment in Short-Term Combination Trials. Bipolar Disorder (Manic or Mixed Episodes), Olanzapine as Adjunct to Lithium or Valproate -- In study of patients who were already tolerating either lithium or valproate as monotherapy, discontinuation rates due to adverse reactions were 11% for the combination of oral olanzapine with lithium or valproate compared to 2% for patients who remained on lithium or valproate monotherapy. Discontinuations with the combination of oral olanzapine and lithium or valproate that occurred in more than patient were: somnolence (3%), weight gain (1%), and peripheral edema (1%).. Commonly Observed Adverse Reactions in Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled TrialsThe most commonly observed adverse reactions associated with the use of oral olanzapine (incidence of 5% or greater) and not observed at an equivalent incidence among placebo-treated patients (olanzapine incidence at least twice that for placebo) were:Table 9: Common Treatment-Emergent Adverse Reactions Associated with the Use of Oral Olanzapine in 6-Week Trials -- SCHIZOPHRENIAa Personality disorder is the COSTART term for designating nonaggressive objectionable behavior.Adverse ReactionPercentage of Patients Reporting EventOlanzapine(N=248)Placebo(N=118)Postural hypotension52Constipation93Weight gain61Dizziness114Personality disordera 84Akathisia51Table 10: Common Treatment-Emergent Adverse Reactions Associated with the Use of Oral Olanzapine in 3-Week and 4-Week Trials -- Bipolar Disorder (Manic or Mixed Episodes)Adverse ReactionPercentage of Patients Reporting EventOlanzapine(N=125)Placebo(N=129)Asthenia156Dry mouth227Constipation115Dyspepsia115Increased appetite63Somnolence3513Dizziness186Tremor63. Olanzapine Intramuscular -- There was adverse reaction (somnolence) observed at an incidence of 5% or greater among intramuscular olanzapine for injection-treated patients and not observed at an equivalent incidence among placebo-treated patients (olanzapine incidence at least twice that for placebo) during the placebo-controlled premarketing studies. The incidence of somnolence during the 24 hour IM treatment period in clinical trials in agitated patients with schizophrenia or bipolar mania was 6% for intramuscular olanzapine for injection and 3% for placebo.. Adverse Reactions Occurring at an Incidence of 2% or More among Oral Olanzapine-Treated Patients in Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled TrialsTable 11 enumerates the incidence, rounded to the nearest percent, of treatment-emergent adverse reactions that occurred in 2% or more of patients treated with oral olanzapine (doses >=2.5 mg/day) and with incidence greater than placebo who participated in the acute phase of placebo-controlled trials.Table 11: Treatment-Emergent Adverse Reactions: Incidence in Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trials with Oral OlanzapineBody System/Adverse ReactionPercentage of Patients Reporting EventOlanzapine(N=532)Placebo(N=294)Body as WholeAccidental injury128Asthenia109Fever62Back pain52Chest pain31Cardiovascular SystemPostural hypotension31Tachycardia31Hypertension21Digestive SystemDry mouth95Constipation94Dyspepsia75Vomiting43Increased appetite32Hemic and Lymphatic SystemEcchymosis53Metabolic and Nutritional DisordersWeight gain53Peripheral edema31Musculoskeletal SystemExtremity pain (other than joint)53Joint pain53Nervous SystemSomnolence2913Insomnia1211Dizziness114Abnormal gait61Tremor43Akathisia32Hypertonia32Articulation impairment21Respiratory SystemRhinitis76Cough increased63Pharyngitis43Special SensesAmblyopia32Urogenital SystemUrinary incontinence21Urinary tract infection21. Dose Dependency of Adverse ReactionsA dose group difference has been observed for fatigue, dizziness, weight gain and prolactin elevation. In single 8-week randomized, double-blind, fixed-dose study comparing 10 (N=199), 20 (N=200) and 40 (N=200) mg/day of oral olanzapine in adult patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder, incidence of fatigue (10 mg/day: 1.5%; 20 mg/day: 2.1%; 40 mg/day: 6.6%) was observed with significant differences between 10 vs 40 and 20 vs 40 mg/day. The incidence of dizziness (10 mg/day: 2.6%; 20 mg/day: 1.6%; 40 mg/day: 6.6%) was observed with significant differences between 20 vs 40 mg. Dose group differences were also noted for weight gain and prolactin elevation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5, 5.15)].The following table addresses dose relatedness for other adverse reactions using data from schizophrenia trial involving fixed dosage ranges of oral olanzapine. It enumerates the percentage of patients with treatment-emergent adverse reactions for the fixed-dose range groups and placebo. The data were analyzed using the Cochran-Armitage test, excluding the placebo group, and the table includes only those adverse reactions for which there was trend.Table 12: Percentage of Patients from Schizophrenia Trial with Treatment-Emergent Adverse Reactions for the Dose Range Groups and PlaceboPercentage of Patients Reporting EventOlanzapineOlanzapineOlanzapinePlacebo5 +- 2.5 mg/day10 +- 2.5 mg/day15 +- 2.5 mg/dayAdverse Reaction(N=68)(N=65)(N=64)(N=69)Asthenia158920Dry mouth43513Nausea9029Somnolence16203039Tremor3057. Commonly Observed Adverse Reactions in Short-Term Trials of Oral Olanzapine as Adjunct to Lithium or ValproateIn the bipolar disorder (manic or mixed episodes) adjunct placebo-controlled trials, the most commonly observed adverse reactions associated with the combination of olanzapine and lithium or valproate (incidence of >=5% and at least twice placebo) were:Table 13: Common Treatment-Emergent Adverse Reactions Associated with the Use of Oral Olanzapine in 6-Week Adjunct to Lithium or Valproate Trials -- Bipolar Disorder (Manic or Mixed Episodes)Adverse ReactionPercentage of Patients Reporting EventOlanzapine with lithium or valproate(N=229)Placebo with lithium or valproate(N=115)Dry mouth329Weight gain267Increased appetite248Dizziness147Back pain84Constipation84Speech disorder71Increased salivation62Amnesia52Paresthesia52. Adverse Reactions Occurring at an Incidence of 2% or More among Oral Olanzapine-Treated Patients in Short-Term Trials of Olanzapine as Adjunct to Lithium or ValproateTable 14 enumerates the incidence, rounded to the nearest percent, of treatment-emergent adverse reactions that occurred in 2% or more of patients treated with the combination of olanzapine (doses >=5 mg/day) and lithium or valproate and with incidence greater than lithium or valproate alone who participated in the acute phase of placebo-controlled combination trials.Table 14: Treatment-Emergent Adverse Reactions: Incidence in Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trials of Oral Olanzapine as Adjunct to Lithium or Valproatea Denominator used was for females only (olanzapine, N=128; placebo, N=51).Body System/Adverse ReactionPercentage of Patients Reporting EventOlanzapine with lithium or valproate(N=229)Placebo with lithium or valproate(N=115)Body as WholeAsthenia1813Back pain84Accidental injury42Chest pain32Cardiovascular SystemHypertension21Digestive SystemDry mouth329Increased appetite248Thirst106Constipation84Increased salivation62Metabolic and Nutritional DisordersWeight gain267Peripheral edema64Edema21Nervous SystemSomnolence5227Tremor2313Depression1817Dizziness147Speech disorder71Amnesia52Paresthesia52Apathy43Confusion41Euphoria32Incoordination20Respiratory SystemPharyngitis41Dyspnea31Skin and AppendagesSweating31Acne20Dry skin20Special SensesAmblyopia95Abnormal vision20Urogenital SystemDysmenorrheaa 20Vaginitisa 20For specific information about the adverse reactions observed with lithium or valproate, refer to the Adverse Reactions section of the package inserts for these other products.. Adverse Reactions Occurring at an Incidence of 1% or More among Intramuscular Olanzapine for Injection-Treated Patients in Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled TrialsTable 15 enumerates the incidence, rounded to the nearest percent, of treatment-emergent adverse reactions that occurred in 1% or more of patients treated with intramuscular olanzapine for injection (dose range of 2.5-10 mg/injection) and with incidence greater than placebo who participated in the short-term, placebo-controlled trials in agitated patients with schizophrenia or bipolar mania.Table 15: Treatment-Emergent Adverse Reactions: Incidence in Short-Term (24 Hour), Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trials with Intramuscular Olanzapine for Injection in Agitated Patients with Schizophrenia or Bipolar ManiaBody System/Adverse ReactionPercentage of Patients Reporting EventOlanzapine(N=415)Placebo(N=150)Body as WholeAsthenia21Cardiovascular SystemHypotension20Postural hypotension10Nervous SystemSomnolence63Dizziness42Tremor10.

CONTRAINDICATIONS SECTION.


4 CONTRAINDICATIONS. None with ZYPREXA monotherapy.When using ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination, also refer to the Contraindications section of the package insert for Symbyax.For specific information about the contraindications of lithium or valproate, refer to the Contraindications section of the package inserts for these other products.. None with ZYPREXA monotherapy.. When using ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination, also refer to the Contraindications section of the package insert for Symbyax.. For specific information about the contraindications of lithium or valproate, refer to the Contraindications section of the package inserts for these other products.. None with ZYPREXA monotherapy. (4)When using ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination, also refer to the Contraindications section of the package insert for Symbyax(R). (4)When using ZYPREXA in combination with lithium or valproate, refer to the Contraindications section of the package inserts for those products. (4). None with ZYPREXA monotherapy. (4). When using ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination, also refer to the Contraindications section of the package insert for Symbyax(R). (4). When using ZYPREXA in combination with lithium or valproate, refer to the Contraindications section of the package inserts for those products. (4).

DEPENDENCE SECTION.


9.3 Dependence. In studies prospectively designed to assess abuse and dependence potential, olanzapine was shown to have acute depressive CNS effects but little or no potential of abuse or physical dependence in rats administered oral doses up to 15 times the daily oral MRHD (20 mg) and rhesus monkeys administered oral doses up to times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area.Olanzapine has not been systematically studied in humans for its potential for abuse, tolerance, or physical dependence. While the clinical trials did not reveal any tendency for any drug-seeking behavior, these observations were not systematic, and it is not possible to predict on the basis of this limited experience the extent to which CNS-active drug will be misused, diverted, and/or abused once marketed. Consequently, patients should be evaluated carefully for history of drug abuse, and such patients should be observed closely for signs of misuse or abuse of olanzapine (e.g., development of tolerance, increases in dose, drug-seeking behavior).

DESCRIPTION SECTION.


11 DESCRIPTION. ZYPREXA (olanzapine) is an atypical antipsychotic that belongs to the thienobenzodiazepine class. The chemical designation is 2-methyl-4-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)-10H-thieno[2,3-b] [1,5]benzodiazepine. The molecular formula is C17H20N4S, which corresponds to molecular weight of 312.44. The chemical structure is:Olanzapine is yellow crystalline solid, which is practically insoluble in water.ZYPREXA tablets are intended for oral administration only.Each tablet contains olanzapine equivalent to 2.5 mg (8 umol), mg (16 umol), 7.5 mg (24 umol), 10 mg (32 umol), 15 mg (48 umol), or 20 mg (64 umol). Inactive ingredients are carnauba wax, crospovidone, hydroxypropyl cellulose, hypromellose, lactose, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and other inactive ingredients. The color coating contains Titanium Dioxide (all strengths), FD&C Blue No. Aluminum Lake (15 mg), or Synthetic Red Iron Oxide (20 mg). The 2.5, 5, 7.5, and 10 mg tablets are imprinted with edible ink which contains FD&C Blue No. Aluminum Lake.ZYPREXA ZYDIS (olanzapine orally disintegrating tablets) is intended for oral administration only.Each orally disintegrating tablet contains olanzapine equivalent to mg (16 umol), 10 mg (32 umol), 15 mg (48 umol) or 20 mg (64 umol). It begins disintegrating in the mouth within seconds, allowing its contents to be subsequently swallowed with or without liquid. ZYPREXA ZYDIS (olanzapine orally disintegrating tablets) also contains the following inactive ingredients: gelatin, mannitol, aspartame, sodium methyl paraben, and sodium propyl paraben.ZYPREXA IntraMuscular (olanzapine for injection) is intended for intramuscular use only.Each vial provides for the administration of 10 mg (32 umol) olanzapine with inactive ingredients 50 mg lactose monohydrate and 3.5 mg tartaric acid. Hydrochloric acid and/or sodium hydroxide may have been added during manufacturing to adjust pH.. Chemical Structure.

DOSAGE & ADMINISTRATION SECTION.


2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION. Schizophrenia in adults (2.1) Oral: Start at 5-10 mg once daily; Target: 10 mg/day within several days Schizophrenia in adolescents (2.1) Oral: Start at 2.5-5 mg once daily; Target: 10 mg/day Bipolar Disorder (manic or mixed episodes) in adults (2.2) Oral: Start at 10 or 15 mg once daily Bipolar Disorder (manic or mixed episodes) in adolescents (2.2) Oral: Start at 2.5-5 mg once daily; Target: 10 mg/day Bipolar Disorder (manic or mixed episodes) with lithium or valproate in adults (2.2) Oral: Start at 10 mg once daily Agitation associated with Schizophrenia and Bipolar Mania in adults (2.4) IM: 10 mg (5 mg or 7.5 mg when clinically warranted)Assess for orthostatic hypotension prior to subsequent dosing (max. doses 2-4 hrs apart) Depressive Episodes associated with Bipolar Disorder in adults (2.5) Oral in combination with fluoxetine: Start at mg of oral olanzapine and 20 mg of fluoxetine once daily Depressive Episodes associated with Bipolar Disorder in children and adolescents (2.5)Oral in combination with fluoxetine: Start at 2.5 mg of oral olanzapine and 20 mg of fluoxetine once dailyTreatment Resistant Depression in adults (2.6) Oral in combination with fluoxetine: Start at mg of oral olanzapine and 20 mg of fluoxetine once daily Lower starting dose recommended in debilitated or pharmacodynamically sensitive patients or patients with predisposition to hypotensive reactions, or with potential for slowed metabolism. (2.1)Olanzapine may be given without regard to meals. (2.1)ZYPREXA and Fluoxetine in Combination:Dosage adjustments, if indicated, should be made with the individual components according to efficacy and tolerability. (2.5, 2.6)Olanzapine monotherapy is not indicated for the treatment of depressive episodes associated with bipolar disorder or treatment resistant depression. (2.5, 2.6)Safety of co-administration of doses above 18 mg olanzapine with 75 mg fluoxetine has not been evaluated in adults. (2.5, 2.6)Safety of co-administration of doses above 12 mg olanzapine with 50 mg fluoxetine has not been evaluated in children and adolescents ages 10 to 17. (2.5). Lower starting dose recommended in debilitated or pharmacodynamically sensitive patients or patients with predisposition to hypotensive reactions, or with potential for slowed metabolism. (2.1). Olanzapine may be given without regard to meals. (2.1). Dosage adjustments, if indicated, should be made with the individual components according to efficacy and tolerability. (2.5, 2.6). Olanzapine monotherapy is not indicated for the treatment of depressive episodes associated with bipolar disorder or treatment resistant depression. (2.5, 2.6). Safety of co-administration of doses above 18 mg olanzapine with 75 mg fluoxetine has not been evaluated in adults. (2.5, 2.6). Safety of co-administration of doses above 12 mg olanzapine with 50 mg fluoxetine has not been evaluated in children and adolescents ages 10 to 17. (2.5). 2.1 Schizophrenia. Adults. Dose Selection -- Oral olanzapine should be administered on once-a-day schedule without regard to meals, generally beginning with to 10 mg initially, with target dose of 10 mg/day within several days. Further dosage adjustments, if indicated, should generally occur at intervals of not less than week, since steady state for olanzapine would not be achieved for approximately week in the typical patient. When dosage adjustments are necessary, dose increments/decrements of mg QD are recommended.Efficacy in schizophrenia was demonstrated in dose range of 10 to 15 mg/day in clinical trials. However, doses above 10 mg/day were not demonstrated to be more efficacious than the 10 mg/day dose. An increase to dose greater than the target dose of 10 mg/day (i.e., to dose of 15 mg/day or greater) is recommended only after clinical assessment. Olanzapine is not indicated for use in doses above 20 mg/day.. Dosing in Special Populations -- The recommended starting dose is mg in patients who are debilitated, who have predisposition to hypotensive reactions, who otherwise exhibit combination of factors that may result in slower metabolism of olanzapine (e.g., nonsmoking female patients >=65 years of age), or who may be more pharmacodynamically sensitive to olanzapine [see Warnings and Precautions (5.14), Drug Interactions (7), and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. When indicated, dose escalation should be performed with caution in these patients.. Maintenance Treatment -- The effectiveness of oral olanzapine, 10 mg/day to 20 mg/day, in maintaining treatment response in schizophrenic patients who had been stable on ZYPREXA for approximately weeks and were then followed for relapse has been demonstrated in placebo-controlled trial [see Clinical Studies (14.1)]. The healthcare provider who elects to use ZYPREXA for extended periods should periodically reevaluate the long-term usefulness of the drug for the individual patient.. Adolescents. Dose Selection -- Oral olanzapine should be administered on once-a-day schedule without regard to meals with recommended starting dose of 2.5 or mg, with target dose of 10 mg/day. Efficacy in adolescents with schizophrenia was demonstrated based on flexible dose range of 2.5 to 20 mg/day in clinical trials, with mean modal dose of 12.5 mg/day (mean dose of 11.1 mg/day). When dosage adjustments are necessary, dose increments/decrements of 2.5 or mg are recommended.The safety and effectiveness of doses above 20 mg/day have not been evaluated in clinical trials [see Clinical Studies (14.1)].. Maintenance Treatment -- The efficacy of ZYPREXA for the maintenance treatment of schizophrenia in the adolescent population has not been systematically evaluated; however, maintenance efficacy can be extrapolated from adult data along with comparisons of olanzapine pharmacokinetic parameters in adult and adolescent patients. Thus, it is generally recommended that responding patients be continued beyond the acute response, but at the lowest dose needed to maintain remission. Patients should be periodically reassessed to determine the need for maintenance treatment.. 2.2 Bipolar Disorder (Manic or Mixed Episodes). Adults. Dose Selection for Monotherapy -- Oral olanzapine should be administered on once-a-day schedule without regard to meals, generally beginning with 10 or 15 mg. Dosage adjustments, if indicated, should generally occur at intervals of not less than 24 hours, reflecting the procedures in the placebo-controlled trials. When dosage adjustments are necessary, dose increments/decrements of mg QD are recommended.Short-term (3-4 weeks) antimanic efficacy was demonstrated in dose range of mg to 20 mg/day in clinical trials. The safety of doses above 20 mg/day has not been evaluated in clinical trials [see Clinical Studies (14.2)].. Maintenance Monotherapy -- The benefit of maintaining bipolar patients on monotherapy with oral ZYPREXA at dose of to 20 mg/day, after achieving responder status for an average duration of weeks, was demonstrated in controlled trial [see Clinical Studies (14.2)]. The healthcare provider who elects to use ZYPREXA for extended periods should periodically reevaluate the long-term usefulness of the drug for the individual patient.. Dose Selection for Adjunctive Treatment -- When administered as adjunctive treatment to lithium or valproate, oral olanzapine dosing should generally begin with 10 mg once-a-day without regard to meals.Antimanic efficacy was demonstrated in dose range of mg to 20 mg/day in clinical trials [see Clinical Studies (14.2)]. The safety of doses above 20 mg/day has not been evaluated in clinical trials.. Adolescents. Dose Selection -- Oral olanzapine should be administered on once-a-day schedule without regard to meals with recommended starting dose of 2.5 or mg, with target dose of 10 mg/day. Efficacy in adolescents with bipolar disorder (manic or mixed episodes) was demonstrated based on flexible dose range of 2.5 to 20 mg/day in clinical trials, with mean modal dose of 10.7 mg/day (mean dose of 8.9 mg/day). When dosage adjustments are necessary, dose increments/decrements of 2.5 or mg are recommended.The safety and effectiveness of doses above 20 mg/day have not been evaluated in clinical trials [see Clinical Studies (14.2)].. Maintenance Treatment -- The efficacy of ZYPREXA for the maintenance treatment of bipolar disorder in the adolescent population has not been evaluated; however, maintenance efficacy can be extrapolated from adult data along with comparisons of olanzapine pharmacokinetic parameters in adult and adolescent patients. Thus, it is generally recommended that responding patients be continued beyond the acute response, but at the lowest dose needed to maintain remission. Patients should be periodically reassessed to determine the need for maintenance treatment.. 2.3 Administration of ZYPREXA ZYDIS (olanzapine orally disintegrating tablets). After opening sachet, peel back foil on blister. Do not push tablet through foil. Immediately upon opening the blister, using dry hands, remove tablet and place entire ZYPREXA ZYDIS in the mouth. Tablet disintegration occurs rapidly in saliva so it can be easily swallowed with or without liquid.. 2.4 ZYPREXA IntraMuscular: Agitation Associated with Schizophrenia and Bipolar Mania. Dose Selection for Agitated Adult Patients with Schizophrenia and Bipolar Mania -- The efficacy of intramuscular olanzapine for injection in controlling agitation in these disorders was demonstrated in dose range of 2.5 mg to 10 mg. The recommended dose in these patients is 10 mg. lower dose of or 7.5 mg may be considered when clinical factors warrant [see Clinical Studies (14.3)]. If agitation warranting additional intramuscular doses persists following the initial dose, subsequent doses up to 10 mg may be given. However, the efficacy of repeated doses of intramuscular olanzapine for injection in agitated patients has not been systematically evaluated in controlled clinical trials. Also, the safety of total daily doses greater than 30 mg, or 10 mg injections given more frequently than hours after the initial dose, and hours after the second dose have not been evaluated in clinical trials. Maximal dosing of intramuscular olanzapine (e.g., doses of 10 mg administered 2-4 hours apart) may be associated with substantial occurrence of significant orthostatic hypotension [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)]. Thus, it is recommended that patients requiring subsequent intramuscular injections be assessed for orthostatic hypotension prior to the administration of any subsequent doses of intramuscular olanzapine for injection. The administration of an additional dose to patient with clinically significant postural change in systolic blood pressure is not recommended.If ongoing olanzapine therapy is clinically indicated, oral olanzapine may be initiated in range of 5-20 mg/day as soon as clinically appropriate [see Dosage and Administration (2.1, 2.2)].. Intramuscular Dosing in Special Populations -- dose of mg/injection should be considered for geriatric patients or when other clinical factors warrant. lower dose of 2.5 mg/injection should be considered for patients who otherwise might be debilitated, be predisposed to hypotensive reactions, or be more pharmacodynamically sensitive to olanzapine [see Warnings and Precautions (5.14), Drug Interactions (7), and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].. Administration of ZYPREXA IntraMuscular -- ZYPREXA IntraMuscular is intended for intramuscular use only. Do not administer intravenously or subcutaneously. Inject slowly, deep into the muscle mass.Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit.. Directions for Preparation of ZYPREXA IntraMuscular with Sterile Water for Injection -- Dissolve the contents of the vial using 2.1 mL of Sterile Water for Injection to provide solution containing approximately mg/mL of olanzapine. The resulting solution should appear clear and yellow. ZYPREXA IntraMuscular reconstituted with Sterile Water for Injection should be used immediately (within hour) after reconstitution. Discard any unused portion. The following table provides injection volumes for delivering various doses of intramuscular olanzapine for injection reconstituted with Sterile Water for Injection.Dose, mg OlanzapineVolume of Injection, mL10Withdraw total contents of vial7.51.5512.50.5. Physical Incompatibility Information -- ZYPREXA IntraMuscular should be reconstituted only with Sterile Water for Injection. ZYPREXA IntraMuscular should not be combined in syringe with diazepam injection because precipitation occurs when these products are mixed. Lorazepam injection should not be used to reconstitute ZYPREXA IntraMuscular as this combination results in delayed reconstitution time. ZYPREXA IntraMuscular should not be combined in syringe with haloperidol injection because the resulting low pH has been shown to degrade olanzapine over time.. 2.5 ZYPREXA and Fluoxetine in Combination: Depressive Episodes Associated with Bipolar Disorder. When using ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination, also refer to the Clinical Studies section of the package insert for Symbyax.. AdultsOral olanzapine should be administered in combination with fluoxetine once daily in the evening, without regard to meals, generally beginning with mg of oral olanzapine and 20 mg of fluoxetine. Dosage adjustments, if indicated, can be made according to efficacy and tolerability within dose ranges of oral olanzapine to 12.5 mg and fluoxetine 20 to 50 mg. Antidepressant efficacy was demonstrated with ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination in adult patients with dose range of olanzapine to 12 mg and fluoxetine 25 to 50 mg. Safety of co-administration of doses above 18 mg olanzapine with 75 mg fluoxetine has not been evaluated in clinical studies.. Children and Adolescents (10-17 years of age)Oral olanzapine should be administered in combination with fluoxetine once daily in the evening, without regard to meals, generally beginning with 2.5 mg of oral olanzapine and 20 mg of fluoxetine. Dosage adjustments, if indicated, can be made according to efficacy and tolerability. Safety of co-administration of doses above 12 mg olanzapine with 50 mg fluoxetine has not been evaluated in pediatric clinical studies.Safety and efficacy of ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination was determined in clinical trials supporting approval of Symbyax (fixed dose combination of ZYPREXA and fluoxetine). Symbyax is dosed between mg/25 mg (olanzapine/fluoxetine) per day and 12 mg/50 mg (olanzapine/fluoxetine) per day. The following table demonstrates the appropriate individual component doses of ZYPREXA and fluoxetine versus Symbyax. Dosage adjustments, if indicated, should be made with the individual components according to efficacy and tolerability.Table 1: Approximate Dose Correspondence Between Symbyaxa and the Combination of ZYPREXA and Fluoxetinea Symbyax (olanzapine/fluoxetine HCl) is fixed-dose combination of ZYPREXA and fluoxetine.ForUse in CombinationSymbyaxZYPREXAFluoxetine(mg/day)(mg/day)(mg/day)3 mg olanzapine/25 mg fluoxetine2.5206 mg olanzapine/25 mg fluoxetine52012 mg olanzapine/25 mg fluoxetine10+2.5206 mg olanzapine/50 mg fluoxetine540+1012 mg olanzapine/50 mg fluoxetine10+2.540+10While there is no body of evidence to answer the question of how long patient treated with ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination should remain on it, it is generally accepted that bipolar disorder, including the depressive episodes associated with bipolar disorder, is chronic illness requiring chronic treatment. The healthcare provider should periodically reexamine the need for continued pharmacotherapy.ZYPREXA monotherapy is not indicated for the treatment of depressive episodes associated with bipolar disorder.. 2.6 ZYPREXA and Fluoxetine in Combination: Treatment Resistant Depression. When using ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination, also refer to the Clinical Studies section of the package insert for Symbyax.Oral olanzapine should be administered in combination with fluoxetine once daily in the evening, without regard to meals, generally beginning with mg of oral olanzapine and 20 mg of fluoxetine. Dosage adjustments, if indicated, can be made according to efficacy and tolerability within dose ranges of oral olanzapine to 20 mg and fluoxetine 20 to 50 mg. Antidepressant efficacy was demonstrated with olanzapine and fluoxetine in combination in adult patients with dose range of olanzapine to 18 mg and fluoxetine 25 to 50 mg.Safety and efficacy of olanzapine in combination with fluoxetine was determined in clinical trials supporting approval of Symbyax (fixed dose combination of olanzapine and fluoxetine). Symbyax is dosed between mg/25 mg (olanzapine/fluoxetine) per day and 12 mg/50 mg (olanzapine/fluoxetine) per day. Table above demonstrates the appropriate individual component doses of ZYPREXA and fluoxetine versus Symbyax. Dosage adjustments, if indicated, should be made with the individual components according to efficacy and tolerability.While there is no body of evidence to answer the question of how long patient treated with ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination should remain on it, it is generally accepted that treatment resistant depression (major depressive disorder in adult patients who do not respond to separate trials of different antidepressants of adequate dose and duration in the current episode) is chronic illness requiring chronic treatment. The healthcare provider should periodically reexamine the need for continued pharmacotherapy.Safety of co-administration of doses above 18 mg olanzapine with 75 mg fluoxetine has not been evaluated in clinical studies.ZYPREXA monotherapy is not indicated for treatment of treatment resistant depression (major depressive disorder in patients who do not respond to antidepressants of adequate dose and duration in the current episode).. 2.7 ZYPREXA and Fluoxetine in Combination: Dosing in Special Populations. The starting dose of oral olanzapine 2.5-5 mg with fluoxetine 20 mg should be used for patients with predisposition to hypotensive reactions, patients with hepatic impairment, or patients who exhibit combination of factors that may slow the metabolism of olanzapine or fluoxetine in combination (female gender, geriatric age, nonsmoking status), or those patients who may be pharmacodynamically sensitive to olanzapine. Dosing modification may be necessary in patients who exhibit combination of factors that may slow metabolism. When indicated, dose escalation should be performed with caution in these patients. ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination have not been systematically studied in patients over 65 years of age or in patients under 10 years of age [see Warnings and Precautions (5.14), Drug Interactions (7), and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

DOSAGE FORMS & STRENGTHS SECTION.


3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS. The ZYPREXA 2.5 mg, mg, 7.5 mg, and 10 mg tablets are white, round, and imprinted in blue ink with LILLY and tablet number. The 15 mg tablets are elliptical, blue, and debossed with LILLY and tablet number. The 20 mg tablets are elliptical, pink, and debossed with LILLY and tablet number. Tablets are not scored. The tablets are available as follows:TABLET STRENGTH2.5 mg5 mg7.5 mg10 mg15 mg20 mgTablet No.411241154116411744154420IdentificationLILLYLILLYLILLYLILLYLILLYLILLY411241154116411744154420ZYPREXA ZYDIS (olanzapine orally disintegrating tablets) are yellow, round, and debossed with the tablet strength. Tablets are not scored. The tablets are available as follows:TABLET STRENGTHZYPREXA ZYDIS Tablets5 mg10 mg15 mg20 mgTablet No.4453445444554456Debossed5101520ZYPREXA IntraMuscular is available in 10 mg vial (1s).. Tablets (not scored): 2.5, 5, 7.5, 10, 15, 20 mg. (3)Orally Disintegrating Tablets (not scored): 5, 10, 15, 20 mg. (3)Intramuscular Injection: 10 mg vial. (3). Tablets (not scored): 2.5, 5, 7.5, 10, 15, 20 mg. (3). Orally Disintegrating Tablets (not scored): 5, 10, 15, 20 mg. (3). Intramuscular Injection: 10 mg vial. (3).

DRUG ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE SECTION.


9 DRUG ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE. 9.3 Dependence. In studies prospectively designed to assess abuse and dependence potential, olanzapine was shown to have acute depressive CNS effects but little or no potential of abuse or physical dependence in rats administered oral doses up to 15 times the daily oral MRHD (20 mg) and rhesus monkeys administered oral doses up to times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area.Olanzapine has not been systematically studied in humans for its potential for abuse, tolerance, or physical dependence. While the clinical trials did not reveal any tendency for any drug-seeking behavior, these observations were not systematic, and it is not possible to predict on the basis of this limited experience the extent to which CNS-active drug will be misused, diverted, and/or abused once marketed. Consequently, patients should be evaluated carefully for history of drug abuse, and such patients should be observed closely for signs of misuse or abuse of olanzapine (e.g., development of tolerance, increases in dose, drug-seeking behavior).

DRUG INTERACTIONS SECTION.


7 DRUG INTERACTIONS. The risks of using olanzapine in combination with other drugs have not been extensively evaluated in systematic studies.. Diazepam: May potentiate orthostatic hypotension. (7.1, 7.2)Alcohol: May potentiate orthostatic hypotension. (7.1)Carbamazepine: Increased clearance of olanzapine. (7.1)Fluvoxamine: May increase olanzapine levels. (7.1)ZYPREXA and Fluoxetine in Combination: Also refer to the Drug Interactions section of the package insert for Symbyax. (7.1)CNS Acting Drugs: Caution should be used when taken in combination with other centrally acting drugs and alcohol. (7.2)Antihypertensive Agents: Enhanced antihypertensive effect. (7.2)Levodopa and Dopamine Agonists: May antagonize levodopa/dopamine agonists. (7.2)Lorazepam (IM): Increased somnolence with IM olanzapine. (7.2)Other Concomitant Drug Therapy: When using olanzapine in combination with lithium or valproate, refer to the Drug Interactions sections of the package insert for those products. (7.2). Diazepam: May potentiate orthostatic hypotension. (7.1, 7.2). Alcohol: May potentiate orthostatic hypotension. (7.1). Carbamazepine: Increased clearance of olanzapine. (7.1). Fluvoxamine: May increase olanzapine levels. (7.1). ZYPREXA and Fluoxetine in Combination: Also refer to the Drug Interactions section of the package insert for Symbyax. (7.1). CNS Acting Drugs: Caution should be used when taken in combination with other centrally acting drugs and alcohol. (7.2). Antihypertensive Agents: Enhanced antihypertensive effect. (7.2). Levodopa and Dopamine Agonists: May antagonize levodopa/dopamine agonists. (7.2). Lorazepam (IM): Increased somnolence with IM olanzapine. (7.2). Other Concomitant Drug Therapy: When using olanzapine in combination with lithium or valproate, refer to the Drug Interactions sections of the package insert for those products. (7.2). 7.1 Potential for Other Drugs to Affect Olanzapine. Diazepam -- The co-administration of diazepam with olanzapine potentiated the orthostatic hypotension observed with olanzapine [see Drug Interactions (7.2)].. Cimetidine and Antacids -- Single doses of cimetidine (800 mg) or aluminum- and magnesium-containing antacids did not affect the oral bioavailability of olanzapine.. Inducers of CYP1A2 -- Carbamazepine therapy (200 mg bid) causes an approximately 50% increase in the clearance of olanzapine. This increase is likely due to the fact that carbamazepine is potent inducer of CYP1A2 activity. Higher daily doses of carbamazepine may cause an even greater increase in olanzapine clearance.. Alcohol -- Ethanol (45 mg/70 kg single dose) did not have an effect on olanzapine pharmacokinetics. The co-administration of alcohol (i.e., ethanol) with olanzapine potentiated the orthostatic hypotension observed with olanzapine [see Drug Interactions (7.2)].. Inhibitors of CYP1A2. Fluvoxamine: Fluvoxamine, CYP1A2 inhibitor, decreases the clearance of olanzapine. This results in mean increase in olanzapine Cmax following fluvoxamine of 54% in female nonsmokers and 77% in male smokers. The mean increase in olanzapine AUC is 52% and 108%, respectively. Lower doses of olanzapine should be considered in patients receiving concomitant treatment with fluvoxamine.. Inhibitors of CYP2D6. Fluoxetine: Fluoxetine (60 mg single dose or 60 mg daily dose for days) causes small (mean 16%) increase in the maximum concentration of olanzapine and small (mean 16%) decrease in olanzapine clearance. The magnitude of the impact of this factor is small in comparison to the overall variability between individuals, and therefore dose modification is not routinely recommended. When using ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination, also refer to the Drug Interactions section of the package insert for Symbyax.. Warfarin -- Warfarin (20 mg single dose) did not affect olanzapine pharmacokinetics [see Drug Interactions (7.2)].. Inducers of CYP1A2 or Glucuronyl Transferase -- Omeprazole and rifampin may cause an increase in olanzapine clearance.. Charcoal -- The administration of activated charcoal (1 g) reduced the Cmax and AUC of oral olanzapine by about 60%. As peak olanzapine levels are not typically obtained until about hours after dosing, charcoal may be useful treatment for olanzapine overdose.. Anticholinergic Drugs -- Concomitant treatment with olanzapine and other drugs with anticholinergic activity can increase the risk for severe gastrointestinal adverse reactions related to hypomotility. ZYPREXA should be used with caution in patients receiving medications having anticholinergic (antimuscarinic) effects [see Warnings and Precautions (5.14)].. 7.2 Potential for Olanzapine to Affect Other Drugs. CNS Acting Drugs -- Given the primary CNS effects of olanzapine, caution should be used when olanzapine is taken in combination with other centrally acting drugs and alcohol.. Antihypertensive Agents -- Olanzapine, because of its potential for inducing hypotension, may enhance the effects of certain antihypertensive agents.. Levodopa and Dopamine Agonists -- Olanzapine may antagonize the effects of levodopa and dopamine agonists.. Lorazepam (IM) -- Administration of intramuscular lorazepam (2 mg) hour after intramuscular olanzapine for injection (5 mg) did not significantly affect the pharmacokinetics of olanzapine, unconjugated lorazepam, or total lorazepam. However, this co-administration of intramuscular lorazepam and intramuscular olanzapine for injection added to the somnolence observed with either drug alone [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)].. Lithium -- Multiple doses of olanzapine (10 mg for days) did not influence the kinetics of lithium. Therefore, concomitant olanzapine administration does not require dosage adjustment of lithium [see Warnings and Precautions (5.16)].. Valproate -- Olanzapine (10 mg daily for weeks) did not affect the steady state plasma concentrations of valproate. Therefore, concomitant olanzapine administration does not require dosage adjustment of valproate [see Warnings and Precautions (5.16)].. Effect of Olanzapine on Drug Metabolizing Enzymes -- In vitro studies utilizing human liver microsomes suggest that olanzapine has little potential to inhibit CYP1A2, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, and CYP3A. Thus, olanzapine is unlikely to cause clinically important drug interactions mediated by these enzymes.. Imipramine -- Single doses of olanzapine did not affect the pharmacokinetics of imipramine or its active metabolite desipramine.. Warfarin -- Single doses of olanzapine did not affect the pharmacokinetics of warfarin [see Drug Interactions (7.1)].. Diazepam -- Olanzapine did not influence the pharmacokinetics of diazepam or its active metabolite N-desmethyldiazepam. However, diazepam co-administered with olanzapine increased the orthostatic hypotension observed with either drug given alone [see Drug Interactions (7.1)].. Alcohol -- Multiple doses of olanzapine did not influence the kinetics of ethanol [see Drug Interactions (7.1)].. Biperiden -- Multiple doses of olanzapine did not influence the kinetics of biperiden.. Theophylline -- Multiple doses of olanzapine did not affect the pharmacokinetics of theophylline or its metabolites.

FEMALES & MALES OF REPRODUCTIVE POTENTIAL SECTION.


8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential. InfertilityFemalesBased on the pharmacologic action of olanzapine (D2 receptor antagonism), treatment with ZYPREXA may result in an increase in serum prolactin levels, which may lead to reversible reduction in fertility in females of reproductive potential [see Warnings and Precautions (5.15)].

GERIATRIC USE SECTION.


8.5 Geriatric Use. Of the 2500 patients in premarketing clinical studies with oral olanzapine, 11% (263) were 65 years of age or over. In patients with schizophrenia, there was no indication of any different tolerability of olanzapine in the elderly compared to younger patients. Studies in elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis have suggested that there may be different tolerability profile in this population compared to younger patients with schizophrenia. Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with olanzapine are at an increased risk of death compared to placebo. In placebo-controlled studies of olanzapine in elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis, there was higher incidence of cerebrovascular adverse events (e.g., stroke, transient ischemic attack) in patients treated with olanzapine compared to patients treated with placebo. In placebo-controlled studies of olanzapine in elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis (n=1184), the following adverse reactions were reported in olanzapine-treated patients at an incidence of at least 2% and significantly greater than placebo-treated patients: falls, somnolence, peripheral edema, abnormal gait, urinary incontinence, lethargy, increased weight, asthenia, pyrexia, pneumonia, dry mouth and visual hallucinations. The rate of discontinuation due to adverse reactions was greater with olanzapine than placebo (13% vs 7%). Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with olanzapine are at an increased risk of death compared to placebo. Olanzapine is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.1), and Patient Counseling Information (17)]. Olanzapine is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis. Also, the presence of factors that might decrease pharmacokinetic clearance or increase the pharmacodynamic response to olanzapine should lead to consideration of lower starting dose for any geriatric patient [see Boxed Warning, Dosage and Administration (2.1), and Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].Clinical studies of ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination did not include sufficient numbers of patients >=65 years of age to determine whether they respond differently from younger patients.

HOW SUPPLIED SECTION.


16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING. 16.1 How Supplied. The ZYPREXA 2.5 mg, mg, 7.5 mg, and 10 mg tablets are white, round, and imprinted in blue ink with LILLY and tablet number. The 15 mg tablets are elliptical, blue, and debossed with LILLY and tablet number. The 20 mg tablets are elliptical, pink, and debossed with LILLY and tablet number. The tablets are available as follows:TABLET STRENGTH2.5 mg5 mg7.5 mg10 mg15 mg20 mgTablet No.411241154116411744154420IdentificationLILLYLILLYLILLYLILLYLILLYLILLY411241154116411744154420NDC Codes:Bottles 30NDC 0002-4112-30NDC 0002-4115-30NDC 0002-4116-30NDC 0002-4117-30NDC 0002-4415-30NDC 0002-4420-30ZYPREXA ZYDIS (olanzapine orally disintegrating tablets) are yellow, round, and debossed with the tablet strength. The tablets are available as follows:ZYPREXA is registered trademark of Eli Lilly and Company.ZYDIS is registered trademark of Catalent Pharma Solutions.TABLET STRENGTHZYPREXA ZYDIS Tablets mg10 mg15 mg20 mgTablet No.4453445444554456Debossed5101520NDC Codes:Dose Pack 30 (Child Resistant)NDC 0002-4453-85NDC 0002-4454-85NDC 0002-4455-85NDC 0002-4456-85ZYPREXA IntraMuscular is available in: NDC 0002-7597-01 (No. VL7597) 10 mg vial (1s). NDC 0002-7597-01 (No. VL7597) 10 mg vial (1s). 16.2 Storage and Handling. Store ZYPREXA tablets, ZYPREXA ZYDIS, and ZYPREXA IntraMuscular vials (before reconstitution) at controlled room temperature, 20 to 25C (68 to 77F) [see USP]. Reconstituted ZYPREXA IntraMuscular may be stored at controlled room temperature, 20 to 25C (68 to 77F) [see USP] for up to hour if necessary. Discard any unused portion of reconstituted ZYPREXA IntraMuscular. The USP defines controlled room temperature as temperature maintained thermostatically that encompasses the usual and customary working environment of 20 to 25C (68 to 77F); that results in mean kinetic temperature calculated to be not more than 25C; and that allows for excursions between 15 and 30C (59 and 86F) that are experienced in pharmacies, hospitals, and warehouses.Protect ZYPREXA tablets and ZYPREXA ZYDIS from light and moisture. Protect ZYPREXA IntraMuscular from light, do not freeze.

INDICATIONS & USAGE SECTION.


1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE. ZYPREXA(R) (olanzapine) is an atypical antipsychotic indicated:As oral formulation for the:Treatment of schizophrenia. (1.1)Adults: Efficacy was established in three clinical trials in patients with schizophrenia: two 6-week trials and one maintenance trial. (14.1)Adolescents (ages 13-17): Efficacy was established in one 6-week trial in patients with schizophrenia (14.1). The increased potential (in adolescents compared with adults) for weight gain and dyslipidemia may lead clinicians to consider prescribing other drugs first in adolescents. (1.1) Acute treatment of manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar disorder and maintenance treatment of bipolar disorder. (1.2)Adults: Efficacy was established in three clinical trials in patients with manic or mixed episodes of bipolar disorder: two 3- to 4-week trials and one maintenance trial. (14.2)Adolescents (ages 13-17): Efficacy was established in one 3-week trial in patients with manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar disorder (14.2). The increased potential (in adolescents compared with adults) for weight gain and dyslipidemia may lead clinicians to consider prescribing other drugs first in adolescents. (1.2) Medication therapy for pediatric patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder should be undertaken only after thorough diagnostic evaluation and with careful consideration of the potential risks. (1.3)Adjunct to valproate or lithium in the treatment of manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar disorder. (1.2)Efficacy was established in two 6-week clinical trials in adults (14.2). Maintenance efficacy has not been systematically evaluated. As ZYPREXA IntraMuscular for the:Treatment of acute agitation associated with schizophrenia and bipolar mania. (1.4)Efficacy was established in three 1-day trials in adults. (14.3) As ZYPREXA and Fluoxetine in Combination for the:Treatment of depressive episodes associated with bipolar disorder. (1.5)Efficacy was established with Symbyax (olanzapine and fluoxetine in combination); refer to the product label for Symbyax. Treatment of treatment resistant depression. (1.6)Efficacy was established with Symbyax (olanzapine and fluoxetine in combination) in adults; refer to the product label for Symbyax. Treatment of schizophrenia. (1.1)Adults: Efficacy was established in three clinical trials in patients with schizophrenia: two 6-week trials and one maintenance trial. (14.1)Adolescents (ages 13-17): Efficacy was established in one 6-week trial in patients with schizophrenia (14.1). The increased potential (in adolescents compared with adults) for weight gain and dyslipidemia may lead clinicians to consider prescribing other drugs first in adolescents. (1.1) Adults: Efficacy was established in three clinical trials in patients with schizophrenia: two 6-week trials and one maintenance trial. (14.1). Adolescents (ages 13-17): Efficacy was established in one 6-week trial in patients with schizophrenia (14.1). The increased potential (in adolescents compared with adults) for weight gain and dyslipidemia may lead clinicians to consider prescribing other drugs first in adolescents. (1.1). Acute treatment of manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar disorder and maintenance treatment of bipolar disorder. (1.2)Adults: Efficacy was established in three clinical trials in patients with manic or mixed episodes of bipolar disorder: two 3- to 4-week trials and one maintenance trial. (14.2)Adolescents (ages 13-17): Efficacy was established in one 3-week trial in patients with manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar disorder (14.2). The increased potential (in adolescents compared with adults) for weight gain and dyslipidemia may lead clinicians to consider prescribing other drugs first in adolescents. (1.2) Adults: Efficacy was established in three clinical trials in patients with manic or mixed episodes of bipolar disorder: two 3- to 4-week trials and one maintenance trial. (14.2). Adolescents (ages 13-17): Efficacy was established in one 3-week trial in patients with manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar disorder (14.2). The increased potential (in adolescents compared with adults) for weight gain and dyslipidemia may lead clinicians to consider prescribing other drugs first in adolescents. (1.2). Medication therapy for pediatric patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder should be undertaken only after thorough diagnostic evaluation and with careful consideration of the potential risks. (1.3). Adjunct to valproate or lithium in the treatment of manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar disorder. (1.2)Efficacy was established in two 6-week clinical trials in adults (14.2). Maintenance efficacy has not been systematically evaluated. Efficacy was established in two 6-week clinical trials in adults (14.2). Maintenance efficacy has not been systematically evaluated.. Treatment of acute agitation associated with schizophrenia and bipolar mania. (1.4)Efficacy was established in three 1-day trials in adults. (14.3) Efficacy was established in three 1-day trials in adults. (14.3). Treatment of depressive episodes associated with bipolar disorder. (1.5)Efficacy was established with Symbyax (olanzapine and fluoxetine in combination); refer to the product label for Symbyax. Efficacy was established with Symbyax (olanzapine and fluoxetine in combination); refer to the product label for Symbyax.. Treatment of treatment resistant depression. (1.6)Efficacy was established with Symbyax (olanzapine and fluoxetine in combination) in adults; refer to the product label for Symbyax. Efficacy was established with Symbyax (olanzapine and fluoxetine in combination) in adults; refer to the product label for Symbyax.. 1.1 Schizophrenia. Oral ZYPREXA is indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia. Efficacy was established in three clinical trials in adult patients with schizophrenia: two 6-week trials and one maintenance trial. In adolescent patients with schizophrenia (ages 13-17), efficacy was established in one 6-week trial [see Clinical Studies (14.1)].When deciding among the alternative treatments available for adolescents, clinicians should consider the increased potential (in adolescents as compared with adults) for weight gain and dyslipidemia. Clinicians should consider the potential long-term risks when prescribing to adolescents, and in many cases this may lead them to consider prescribing other drugs first in adolescents [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].. 1.2 Bipolar Disorder (Manic or Mixed Episodes). Monotherapy -- Oral ZYPREXA is indicated for the acute treatment of manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar disorder and maintenance treatment of bipolar disorder. Efficacy was established in three clinical trials in adult patients with manic or mixed episodes of bipolar disorder: two 3- to 4-week trials and one monotherapy maintenance trial. In adolescent patients with manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar disorder (ages 13-17), efficacy was established in one 3-week trial [see Clinical Studies (14.2)].When deciding among the alternative treatments available for adolescents, clinicians should consider the increased potential (in adolescents as compared with adults) for weight gain and dyslipidemia. Clinicians should consider the potential long-term risks when prescribing to adolescents, and in many cases this may lead them to consider prescribing other drugs first in adolescents [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].. Adjunctive Therapy to Lithium or Valproate -- Oral ZYPREXA is indicated for the treatment of manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar disorder as an adjunct to lithium or valproate. Efficacy was established in two 6-week clinical trials in adults. The effectiveness of adjunctive therapy for longer-term use has not been systematically evaluated in controlled trials [see Clinical Studies (14.2)].. 1.3 Special Considerations in Treating Pediatric Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder. Pediatric schizophrenia and bipolar disorder are serious mental disorders; however, diagnosis can be challenging. For pediatric schizophrenia, symptom profiles can be variable, and for bipolar disorder, pediatric patients may have variable patterns of periodicity of manic or mixed symptoms. It is recommended that medication therapy for pediatric schizophrenia and bipolar disorder be initiated only after thorough diagnostic evaluation has been performed and careful consideration given to the risks associated with medication treatment. Medication treatment for both pediatric schizophrenia and bipolar disorder should be part of total treatment program that often includes psychological, educational and social interventions.. 1.4 ZYPREXA IntraMuscular: Agitation Associated with Schizophrenia and Bipolar Mania. ZYPREXA IntraMuscular is indicated for the treatment of acute agitation associated with schizophrenia and bipolar mania.Efficacy was demonstrated in short-term (24 hours of IM treatment) placebo-controlled trials in agitated adult inpatients with: schizophrenia or bipolar disorder (manic or mixed episodes) [see Clinical Studies (14.3)]. Psychomotor agitation is defined in DSM-IV as excessive motor activity associated with feeling of inner tension. Patients experiencing agitation often manifest behaviors that interfere with their diagnosis and care, e.g., threatening behaviors, escalating or urgently distressing behavior, or self-exhausting behavior, leading clinicians to the use of intramuscular antipsychotic medications to achieve immediate control of the agitation.. 1.5 ZYPREXA and Fluoxetine in Combination: Depressive Episodes Associated with Bipolar Disorder. Oral ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination is indicated for the treatment of depressive episodes associated with bipolar disorder, based on clinical studies. When using ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination, refer to the Clinical Studies section of the package insert for Symbyax.ZYPREXA monotherapy is not indicated for the treatment of depressive episodes associated with bipolar disorder.. 1.6 ZYPREXA and Fluoxetine in Combination: Treatment Resistant Depression. Oral ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination is indicated for the treatment of treatment resistant depression (major depressive disorder in patients who do not respond to separate trials of different antidepressants of adequate dose and duration in the current episode), based on clinical studies in adult patients. When using ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination, refer to the Clinical Studies section of the package insert for Symbyax.ZYPREXA monotherapy is not indicated for the treatment of treatment resistant depression.

INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS SECTION.


17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION. Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (Medication Guide) for the oral formulations.Patients should be advised of the following issues and asked to alert their prescriber if these occur while taking ZYPREXA as monotherapy or in combination with fluoxetine. If you do not think you are getting better or have any concerns about your condition while taking ZYPREXA, call your doctor. When using ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination, also refer to the Patient Counseling Information section of the package insert for Symbyax.Elderly Patients with Dementia-Related Psychosis: Increased Mortality and Cerebrovascular Adverse Events (CVAE), Including StrokePatients and caregivers should be advised that elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with antipsychotic drugs are at an increased risk of death. Patients and caregivers should be advised that elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with ZYPREXA had significantly higher incidence of cerebrovascular adverse events (e.g., stroke, transient ischemic attack) compared with placebo.ZYPREXA is not approved for elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis [see Boxed Warning and Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS)Patients and caregivers should be counseled that potentially fatal symptom complex sometimes referred to as NMS has been reported in association with administration of antipsychotic drugs, including ZYPREXA. Signs and symptoms of NMS include hyperpyrexia, muscle rigidity, altered mental status, and evidence of autonomic instability (irregular pulse or blood pressure, tachycardia, diaphoresis, and cardiac dysrhythmia) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS)Patients should be advised to report to their health care provider at the earliest onset of any signs and symptoms that may be associated with Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].Hyperglycemia and Diabetes MellitusPatients should be advised of the potential risk of hyperglycemia-related adverse reactions. Patients should be monitored regularly for worsening of glucose control. Patients who have diabetes should follow their doctors instructions about how often to check their blood sugar while taking ZYPREXA [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].DyslipidemiaPatients should be counseled that dyslipidemia has occurred during treatment with ZYPREXA. Patients should have their lipid profile monitored regularly [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].Weight GainPatients should be counseled that weight gain has occurred during treatment with ZYPREXA. Patients should have their weight monitored regularly [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].Orthostatic HypotensionPatients should be advised of the risk of orthostatic hypotension, especially during the period of initial dose titration and in association with the use of concomitant drugs that may potentiate the orthostatic effect of ZYPREXA, e.g., diazepam or alcohol [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7) and Drug Interactions (7)]. Patients should be advised to change positions carefully to help prevent orthostatic hypotension, and to lie down if they feel dizzy or faint, until they feel better. Patients should be advised to call their doctor if they experience any of the following signs and symptoms associated with orthostatic hypotension: dizziness, fast or slow heartbeat, or fainting.Potential for Cognitive and Motor ImpairmentBecause ZYPREXA has the potential to impair judgment, thinking, or motor skills, patients should be cautioned about operating hazardous machinery, including automobiles, until they are reasonably certain that ZYPREXA therapy does not affect them adversely [see Warnings and Precautions (5.12)].Body Temperature RegulationPatients should be advised regarding appropriate care in avoiding overheating and dehydration. Patients should be advised to call their doctor right away if they become severely ill and have some or all of these symptoms of dehydration: sweating too much or not at all, dry mouth, feeling very hot, feeling thirsty, not able to produce urine [see Warnings and Precautions (5.13)].Concomitant MedicationPatients should be advised to inform their healthcare providers if they are taking, or plan to take, Symbyax. Patients should also be advised to inform their healthcare providers if they are taking, plan to take, or have stopped taking any prescription or over-the-counter drugs, including herbal supplements, since there is potential for interactions [see Drug Interactions (7)].AlcoholPatients should be advised to avoid alcohol while taking ZYPREXA [see Drug Interactions (7)].PhenylketonuricsZYPREXA ZYDIS (olanzapine orally disintegrating tablets) contains phenylalanine (0.34, 0.45, 0.67, or 0.90 mg per 5, 10, 15, or 20 mg tablet, respectively) [see Description (11)].Use in Specific PopulationsPregnancy -- Advise women to notify their healthcare provider if they become pregnant or intend to become pregnant during treatment with ZYPREXA. Advise patients that ZYPREXA may cause extrapyramidal and/or withdrawal symptoms (agitation, hypertonia, hypotonia, tremor, somnolence, respiratory distress, and feeding disorder) in neonate. Advise patients that there is pregnancy exposure registry that monitors pregnancy outcomes in women exposed to ZYPREXA during pregnancy [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].Lactation -- Advise breastfeeding women using ZYPREXA to monitor infants for excess sedation, irritability, poor feeding and extrapyramidal symptoms (tremors and abnormal muscle movements) and to seek medical care if they notice these signs [see Use in Specific Populations (8.3)].Infertility -- Advise females of reproductive potential that ZYPREXA may impair fertility due to an increase in serum prolactin levels. The effects on fertility are reversible [see Use in Specific Populations (8.3)].Pediatric Use -- ZYPREXA is indicated for treatment of schizophrenia and manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar disorder in adolescents 13 to 17 years of age. Compared to patients from adult clinical trials, adolescents were likely to gain more weight, experience increased sedation, and have greater increases in total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL cholesterol, prolactin, and hepatic aminotransferase levels. Patients should be counseled about the potential long-term risks associated with ZYPREXA and advised that these risks may lead them to consider other drugs first [see Indications and Usage (1.1, 1.2)]. Safety and effectiveness of ZYPREXA in patients under 13 years of age have not been established. Safety and efficacy of ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination in patients 10 to 17 years of age have been established for the acute treatment of depressive episodes associated with bipolar disorder. Safety and effectiveness of ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination in patients <10 years of age have not been established [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5) and Use in Specific Populations (8.4)].Need for Comprehensive Treatment Program in Pediatric PatientsZYPREXA is indicated as an integral part of total treatment program for pediatric patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder that may include other measures (psychological, educational, social) for patients with the disorder. Effectiveness and safety of ZYPREXA have not been established in pediatric patients less than 13 years of age. Atypical antipsychotics are not intended for use in the pediatric patient who exhibits symptoms secondary to environmental factors and/or other primary psychiatric disorders. Appropriate educational placement is essential and psychosocial intervention is often helpful. The decision to prescribe atypical antipsychotic medication will depend upon the healthcare providers assessment of the chronicity and severity of the patients symptoms [see Indications and Usage (1.3)].Marketed by: Lilly USA, LLC, Indianapolis, IN 46285, USACopyright (C) 1997, 2020, Eli Lilly and Company. All rights reserved.ZYP-0009-USPI-20200423.

LABORATORY TESTS SECTION.


5.17 Laboratory Tests. Fasting blood glucose testing and lipid profile at the beginning of, and periodically during, treatment is recommended [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5) and Patient Counseling Information (17)].

LACTATION SECTION.


8.2 Lactation. Risk SummaryOlanzapine is present in human milk. There are reports of excess sedation, irritability, poor feeding and extrapyramidal symptoms (tremors and abnormal muscle movements) in infants exposed to olanzapine through breast milk (see Clinical Considerations). There is no information on the effects of olanzapine on milk production.The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mothers clinical need for ZYPREXA and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed child from ZYPREXA or from the mothers underlying condition.Clinical ConsiderationsInfants exposed to ZYPREXA should be monitored for excess sedation, irritability, poor feeding, and extrapyramidal symptoms (tremors and abnormal muscle movements).

MECHANISM OF ACTION SECTION.


12.1 Mechanism of Action. The mechanism of action of olanzapine, in the listed indications is unclear. However, the efficacy of olanzapine in schizophrenia could be mediated through combination of dopamine and serotonin type (5HT2) antagonism.

NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY SECTION.


13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY. 13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility. Carcinogenesis -- Oral carcinogenicity studies were conducted in mice and rats. Olanzapine was administered to mice in two 78-week studies at doses of 3, 10, 30/20 mg/kg/day (equivalent to 0.8-5 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area) and 0.25, 2, mg/kg/day (equivalent to 0.06-2 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area). Rats were dosed for years at doses of 0.25, 1, 2.5, mg/kg/day (males) and 0.25, 1, 4, mg/kg/day (females) (equivalent to 0.13-2 and 0.13-4 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area, respectively). The incidence of liver hemangiomas and hemangiosarcomas was significantly increased in mouse study in female mice at times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area. These tumors were not increased in another mouse study in females dosed up to 2-5 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area; in this study, there was high incidence of early mortalities in males of the 30/20 mg/kg/day group. The incidence of mammary gland adenomas and adenocarcinomas was significantly increased in female mice dosed at >=2 mg/kg/day and in female rats dosed at >=4 mg/kg/day (0.5 and times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area, respectively). Antipsychotic drugs have been shown to chronically elevate prolactin levels in rodents. Serum prolactin levels were not measured during the olanzapine carcinogenicity studies; however, measurements during subchronic toxicity studies showed that olanzapine elevated serum prolactin levels up to 4-fold in rats at the same doses used in the carcinogenicity study. An increase in mammary gland neoplasms has been found in rodents after chronic administration of other antipsychotic drugs and is considered to be prolactin mediated. The relevance for human risk of the finding of prolactin mediated endocrine tumors in rodents is unknown [see Warnings and Precautions (5.15)].Mutagenesis -- No evidence of genotoxic potential for olanzapine was found in the Ames reverse mutation test, in vivo micronucleus test in mice, the chromosomal aberration test in Chinese hamster ovary cells, unscheduled DNULL synthesis test in rat hepatocytes, induction of forward mutation test in mouse lymphoma cells, or in vivo sister chromatid exchange test in bone marrow of Chinese hamsters.Impairment of Fertility -- In an oral fertility and reproductive performance study in rats, male mating performance, but not fertility, was impaired at dose of 22.4 mg/kg/day and female fertility was decreased at dose of mg/kg/day (11 and 1.5 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area, respectively). Discontinuance of olanzapine treatment reversed the effects on male mating performance. In female rats, the precoital period was increased and the mating index reduced at mg/kg/day (2.5 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area). Diestrous was prolonged and estrous delayed at 1.1 mg/kg/day (0.6 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area); therefore olanzapine may produce delay in ovulation.. 13.2 Animal Toxicology and/or Pharmacology. In animal studies with olanzapine, the principal hematologic findings were reversible peripheral cytopenias in individual dogs dosed at 10 mg/kg (17 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area), dose-related decreases in lymphocytes and neutrophils in mice, and lymphopenia in rats. few dogs treated with 10 mg/kg developed reversible neutropenia and/or reversible hemolytic anemia between and 10 months of treatment. Dose-related decreases in lymphocytes and neutrophils were seen in mice given doses of 10 mg/kg (equal to times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area) in studies of months duration. Nonspecific lymphopenia, consistent with decreased body weight gain, occurred in rats receiving 22.5 mg/kg (11 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area) for months or 16 mg/kg (8 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area) for or 12 months. No evidence of bone marrow cytotoxicity was found in any of the species examined. Bone marrows were normocellular or hypercellular, indicating that the reductions in circulating blood cells were probably due to peripheral (non-marrow) factors.

OVERDOSAGE SECTION.


10 OVERDOSAGE. 10.1 Human Experience. In premarketing trials involving more than 3100 patients and/or normal subjects, accidental or intentional acute overdosage of olanzapine was identified in 67 patients. In the patient taking the largest identified amount, 300 mg, the only symptoms reported were drowsiness and slurred speech. In the limited number of patients who were evaluated in hospitals, including the patient taking 300 mg, there were no observations indicating an adverse change in laboratory analytes or ECG. Vital signs were usually within normal limits following overdoses.In postmarketing reports of overdose with olanzapine alone, symptoms have been reported in the majority of cases. In symptomatic patients, symptoms with >=10% incidence included agitation/aggressiveness, dysarthria, tachycardia, various extrapyramidal symptoms, and reduced level of consciousness ranging from sedation to coma. Among less commonly reported symptoms were the following potentially medically serious reactions: aspiration, cardiopulmonary arrest, cardiac arrhythmias (such as supraventricular tachycardia and patient experiencing sinus pause with spontaneous resumption of normal rhythm), delirium, possible neuroleptic malignant syndrome, respiratory depression/arrest, convulsion, hypertension, and hypotension. Eli Lilly and Company has received reports of fatality in association with overdose of olanzapine alone. In case of death, the amount of acutely ingested olanzapine was reported to be possibly as low as 450 mg of oral olanzapine; however, in another case, patient was reported to survive an acute olanzapine ingestion of approximately g of oral olanzapine.. 10.2 Management of Overdose. There is no specific antidote to an overdose of ZYPREXA. The possibility of multiple drug involvement should be considered. Establish and maintain an airway and ensure adequate oxygenation and ventilation. Cardiovascular monitoring should commence immediately and should include continuous electrocardiographic monitoring to detect possible arrhythmias.Contact Certified Poison Control Center for the most up to date information on the management of overdosage (1-800-222-1222). For specific information about overdosage with lithium or valproate, refer to the Overdosage section of the prescribing information for those products. For specific information about overdosage with olanzapine and fluoxetine in combination, refer to the Overdosage section of the Symbyax prescribing information.

PACKAGE LABEL.PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL.


PACKAGE LABEL ZYPREXA 2.5 mg tablet, bottle of 30NDC 0002-4112-3030 TabletsNo. 4112ZYPREXAOlanzapine Tablets2.5 mgRx onlyMedication Guide is to be dispensed to patients.Lilly. PACKAGE LABEL ZYPREXA 2.5 mg tablet, bottle of 30.

PEDIATRIC USE SECTION.


8.4 Pediatric Use. The safety and effectiveness of oral ZYPREXA in the treatment of schizophrenia and manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar disorder were established in short-term studies in adolescents (ages 13 to 17 years). Use of ZYPREXA in adolescents is supported by evidence from adequate and well-controlled studies of ZYPREXA in which 268 adolescents received ZYPREXA in range of 2.5 to 20 mg/day [see Clinical Studies (14.1, 14.2)]. Recommended starting dose for adolescents is lower than that for adults [see Dosage and Administration (2.1, 2.2)]. Compared to patients from adult clinical trials, adolescents were likely to gain more weight, experience increased sedation, and have greater increases in total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL cholesterol, prolactin and hepatic aminotransferase levels [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5, 5.15, 5.17) and Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. When deciding among the alternative treatments available for adolescents, clinicians should consider the increased potential (in adolescents as compared with adults) for weight gain and dyslipidemia. Clinicians should consider the potential long-term risks when prescribing to adolescents, and in many cases this may lead them to consider prescribing other drugs first in adolescents [see Indications and Usage (1.1, 1.2)].Safety and effectiveness of olanzapine in children <13 years of age have not been established [see Patient Counseling Information (17)].Safety and efficacy of ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination in children and adolescents (10 to 17 years of age) have been established for the acute treatment of depressive episodes associated with bipolar disorder.Safety and effectiveness of ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination in children <10 years of age have not been established.

PHARMACODYNULLMICS SECTION.


12.2 Pharmacodynamics. Olanzapine binds with high affinity to the following receptors: serotonin 5HT2A/2C, 5HT6 (Ki=4, 11, and nM, respectively), dopamine D1-4 (Ki=11-31 nM), histamine H1 (Ki=7 nM), and adrenergic receptors (Ki=19 nM). Olanzapine is an antagonist with moderate affinity binding for serotonin 5HT3 (Ki=57 nM) and muscarinic M1-5 (Ki=73, 96, 132, 32, and 48 nM, respectively). Olanzapine binds with low affinity to GABAA, BZD, and -adrenergic receptors (Ki>10 uM).

PHARMACOKINETICS SECTION.


12.3 Pharmacokinetics. Oral Administration, Monotherapy -- Olanzapine is well absorbed and reaches peak concentrations in approximately hours following an oral dose. It is eliminated extensively by first pass metabolism, with approximately 40% of the dose metabolized before reaching the systemic circulation. Food does not affect the rate or extent of olanzapine absorption. Pharmacokinetic studies showed that ZYPREXA tablets and ZYPREXA ZYDIS (olanzapine orally disintegrating tablets) dosage forms of olanzapine are bioequivalent.Olanzapine displays linear kinetics over the clinical dosing range. Its half-life ranges from 21 to 54 hours (5th to 95th percentile; mean of 30 hr), and apparent plasma clearance ranges from 12 to 47 L/hr (5th to 95th percentile; mean of 25 L/hr).Administration of olanzapine once daily leads to steady-state concentrations in about week that are approximately twice the concentrations after single doses. Plasma concentrations, half-life, and clearance of olanzapine may vary between individuals on the basis of smoking status, gender, and age.Olanzapine is extensively distributed throughout the body, with volume of distribution of approximately 1000 L. It is 93% bound to plasma proteins over the concentration range of to 1100 ng/mL, binding primarily to albumin and 1-acid glycoprotein.. Metabolism and Elimination -- Following single oral dose of 14C labeled olanzapine, 7% of the dose of olanzapine was recovered in the urine as unchanged drug, indicating that olanzapine is highly metabolized. Approximately 57% and 30% of the dose was recovered in the urine and feces, respectively. In the plasma, olanzapine accounted for only 12% of the AUC for total radioactivity, indicating significant exposure to metabolites. After multiple dosing, the major circulating metabolites were the 10-N-glucuronide, present at steady state at 44% of the concentration of olanzapine, and 4-N-desmethyl olanzapine, present at steady state at 31% of the concentration of olanzapine. Both metabolites lack pharmacological activity at the concentrations observed.Direct glucuronidation and cytochrome P450 (CYP) mediated oxidation are the primary metabolic pathways for olanzapine. In vitro studies suggest that CYPs 1A2 and 2D6, and the flavin-containing monooxygenase system are involved in olanzapine oxidation. CYP2D6 mediated oxidation appears to be minor metabolic pathway in vivo, because the clearance of olanzapine is not reduced in subjects who are deficient in this enzyme.. Intramuscular Administration -- ZYPREXA IntraMuscular results in rapid absorption with peak plasma concentrations occurring within 15 to 45 minutes. Based upon pharmacokinetic study in healthy volunteers, 5 mg dose of intramuscular olanzapine for injection produces, on average, maximum plasma concentration approximately times higher than the maximum plasma concentration produced by 5 mg dose of oral olanzapine. Area under the curve achieved after an intramuscular dose is similar to that achieved after oral administration of the same dose. The half-life observed after intramuscular administration is similar to that observed after oral dosing. The pharmacokinetics are linear over the clinical dosing range. Metabolic profiles after intramuscular administration are qualitatively similar to metabolic profiles after oral administration.. Specific Populations. Renal Impairment -- Because olanzapine is highly metabolized before excretion and only 7% of the drug is excreted unchanged, renal dysfunction alone is unlikely to have major impact on the pharmacokinetics of olanzapine. The pharmacokinetic characteristics of olanzapine were similar in patients with severe renal impairment and normal subjects, indicating that dosage adjustment based upon the degree of renal impairment is not required. In addition, olanzapine is not removed by dialysis. The effect of renal impairment on metabolite elimination has not been studied.. Hepatic Impairment -- Although the presence of hepatic impairment may be expected to reduce the clearance of olanzapine, study of the effect of impaired liver function in subjects (n=6) with clinically significant (Childs Pugh Classification and B) cirrhosis revealed little effect on the pharmacokinetics of olanzapine.. Geriatric -- In study involving 24 healthy subjects, the mean elimination half-life of olanzapine was about 1.5 times greater in elderly (>=65 years) than in nonelderly subjects (<65 years). Caution should be used in dosing the elderly, especially if there are other factors that might additively influence drug metabolism and/or pharmacodynamic sensitivity [see Dosage and Administration (2)].. Gender -- Clearance of olanzapine is approximately 30% lower in women than in men. There were, however, no apparent differences between men and women in effectiveness or adverse effects. Dosage modifications based on gender should not be needed.. Smoking Status -- Olanzapine clearance is about 40% higher in smokers than in nonsmokers, although dosage modifications are not routinely recommended.. Race -- In vivo studies have shown that exposures are similar among Japanese, Chinese and Caucasians, especially after normalization for body weight differences. Dosage modifications for race are, therefore, not recommended.. Combined Effects -- The combined effects of age, smoking, and gender could lead to substantial pharmacokinetic differences in populations. The clearance in young smoking males, for example, may be times higher than that in elderly nonsmoking females. Dosing modification may be necessary in patients who exhibit combination of factors that may result in slower metabolism of olanzapine [see Dosage and Administration (2)].. Adolescents (ages 13 to 17 years) -- In clinical studies, most adolescents were nonsmokers and this population had lower average body weight, which resulted in higher average olanzapine exposure compared to adults.

POSTMARKETING EXPERIENCE SECTION.


6.2 Postmarketing Experience. The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of ZYPREXA. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from population of uncertain size, it is difficult to reliably estimate their frequency or evaluate causal relationship to drug exposure.Adverse reactions reported since market introduction that were temporally (but not necessarily causally) related to ZYPREXA therapy include the following: allergic reaction (e.g., anaphylactoid reaction, angioedema, pruritus or urticaria), cholestatic or mixed liver injury, diabetic coma, diabetic ketoacidosis, discontinuation reaction (diaphoresis, nausea or vomiting), Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS), hepatitis, jaundice, neutropenia, pancreatitis, priapism, rash, restless legs syndrome, rhabdomyolysis, salivary hypersecretion, stuttering1, and venous thromboembolic events (including pulmonary embolism and deep venous thrombosis). Random cholesterol levels of >=240 mg/dL and random triglyceride levels of >=1000 mg/dL have been reported.1 Stuttering was only studied in oral and long acting injection (LAI) formulations.

PREGNULLNCY SECTION.


8.1 Pregnancy. Pregnancy Exposure RegistryThere is pregnancy exposure registry that monitors pregnancy outcomes in women exposed to atypical antipsychotics, including ZYPREXA, during pregnancy. Healthcare providers are encouraged to register patients by contacting the National Pregnancy Registry for Atypical Antipsychotics at 1-866-961-2388 or visit http://womensmentalhealth.org/clinical-and-research-programs/pregnancyregistry/.Risk SummaryNeonates exposed to antipsychotic drugs, including ZYPREXA, during the third trimester are at risk for extrapyramidal and/or withdrawal symptoms following delivery (see Clinical Considerations). Overall available data from published epidemiologic studies of pregnant women exposed to olanzapine have not established drug-associated risk of major birth defects, miscarriage, or adverse maternal or fetal outcomes (see Data). There are risks to the mother associated with untreated schizophrenia or bipolar disorder and with exposure to antipsychotics, including ZYPREXA, during pregnancy (see Clinical Considerations).Olanzapine was not teratogenic when administered orally to pregnant rats and rabbits at doses that are 9- and 30 times the daily oral maximum recommended human dose (MRHD), based on mg/m2 body surface area; some fetal toxicities were observed at these doses (see Data).The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated populations is unknown. All pregnancies have background risk of birth defects, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2% to 4% and 15% to 20%, respectively.Clinical ConsiderationsDisease-associated maternal and embryo/fetal riskThere is risk to the mother from untreated schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, including increased risk of relapse, hospitalization, and suicide. Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder are associated with increased adverse perinatal outcomes, including preterm birth. It is not known if this is direct result of the illness or other comorbid factors.Fetal/Neonatal adverse reactionsExtrapyramidal and/or withdrawal symptoms, including agitation, hypertonia, hypotonia, tremor, somnolence, respiratory distress, and feeding disorder have been reported in neonates who were exposed to antipsychotic drugs, including ZYPREXA, during the third trimester of pregnancy. These symptoms have varied in severity. Monitor neonates for extrapyramidal and/or withdrawal symptoms and manage symptoms appropriately. Some neonates recovered within hours or days without specific treatment; others required prolonged hospitalization.DataHuman DataPlacental passage has been reported in published study reports; however, the placental passage ratio was highly variable ranging between 7% to 167% at birth following exposure during pregnancy. The clinical relevance of this finding is unknown.Published data from observational studies, birth registries, and case reports that have evaluated the use of atypical antipsychotics during pregnancy do not establish an increased risk of major birth defects. retrospective cohort study from Medicaid database of 9258 women exposed to antipsychotics during pregnancy did not indicate an overall increased risk for major birth defects.Animal DataIn oral reproduction studies in rats at doses up to 18 mg/kg/day and in rabbits at doses up to 30 mg/kg/day (9 and 30 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area, respectively), no evidence of teratogenicity was observed. In an oral rat teratology study, early resorptions and increased numbers of nonviable fetuses were observed at dose of 18 mg/kg/day (9 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area), and gestation was prolonged at 10 mg/kg/day (5 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area). In an oral rabbit teratology study, fetal toxicity manifested as increased resorptions and decreased fetal weight, occurred at maternally toxic dose of 30 mg/kg/day (30 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area).

RECENT MAJOR CHANGES SECTION.


Warnings and Precautions, Tardive Dyskinesia (5.6)10/2019Warnings and Precautions, Use in Patients with Concomitant Illness (5.14)Removed 4/2020Warnings and Precautions, Anticholinergic (antimuscarinic) Effects (5.14)4/2020.

SPL MEDGUIDE SECTION.


Medication GuideZYPREXA(R) (zy-PREX-a)(olanzapine)TabletZYPREXA(R) ZYDIS(R) (zy-PREX-a ZY-dis)(olanzapine)Tablet, Orally DisintegratingRead the Medication Guide that comes with ZYPREXA before you start taking it and each time you get refill. There may be new information. This Medication Guide does not take the place of talking to your doctor about your medical condition or treatment. Talk with your doctor or pharmacist if there is something you do not understand or you want to learn more about ZYPREXA.What is the most important information should know about ZYPREXAZYPREXA may cause serious side effects, including:Increased risk of death in elderly people who are confused, have memory loss and have lost touch with reality (dementia-related psychosis).High blood sugar (hyperglycemia).High fat levels in your blood (increased cholesterol and triglycerides), especially in teenagers age 13 to 17 or when used in combination with fluoxetine in children age 10 to 17.Weight gain, especially in teenagers age 13 to 17 or when used in combination with fluoxetine in children age 10 to 17.These serious side effects are described below.Increased risk of death in elderly people who are confused, have memory loss and have lost touch with reality (dementia-related psychosis). ZYPREXA is not approved for treating psychosis in elderly people with dementia.High blood sugar (hyperglycemia). High blood sugar can happen if you have diabetes already or if you have never had diabetes. High blood sugar could lead to:a build up of acid in your blood due to ketones (ketoacidosis)comadeath Your doctor should do tests to check your blood sugar before you start taking ZYPREXA and during treatment. In people who do not have diabetes, sometimes high blood sugar goes away when ZYPREXA is stopped. People with diabetes and some people who did not have diabetes before taking ZYPREXA need to take medicine for high blood sugar even after they stop taking ZYPREXA. If you have diabetes, follow your doctors instructions about how often to check your blood sugar while taking ZYPREXA. Call your doctor if you have any of these symptoms of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) while taking ZYPREXA:feel very thirstyneed to urinate more than usualfeel very hungryfeel weak or tiredfeel sick to your stomachfeel confused or your breath smells fruity High fat levels in your blood (cholesterol and triglycerides). High fat levels may happen in people treated with ZYPREXA, especially in teenagers (13 to 17 years old), or when used in combination with fluoxetine in children (10 to 17 years old). You may not have any symptoms, so your doctor should do blood tests to check your cholesterol and triglyceride levels before you start taking ZYPREXA and during treatment.Weight gain. Weight gain is very common in people who take ZYPREXA. Teenagers (13 to 17 years old) are more likely to gain weight and to gain more weight than adults. Children (10 to 17 years old) are also more likely to gain weight and to gain more weight than adults when ZYPREXA is used in combination with fluoxetine. Some people may gain lot of weight while taking ZYPREXA, so you and your doctor should check your weight regularly. Talk to your doctor about ways to control weight gain, such as eating healthy, balanced diet, and exercising.What is ZYPREXAZYPREXA is prescription medicine used to treat:schizophrenia in people age 13 or older.bipolar disorder, including:manic or mixed episodes that happen with bipolar disorder in people age 13 or older.manic or mixed episodes that happen with bipolar disorder, when used with the medicine lithium or valproate, in adults.long-term treatment of bipolar disorder in adults. episodes of depression that happen with bipolar disorder, when used with the medicine fluoxetine (Prozac(R)) in people age 10 or older.episodes of depression that do not get better after other medicines, also called treatment resistant depression, when used with the medicine fluoxetine (Prozac), in adults.ZYPREXA has not been approved for use in children under 13 years of age. ZYPREXA in combination with fluoxetine has not been approved for use in children under 10 years of age.The symptoms of schizophrenia include hearing voices, seeing things that are not there, having beliefs that are not true, and being suspicious or withdrawn.The symptoms of bipolar disorder include alternating periods of depression and high or irritable mood, increased activity and restlessness, racing thoughts, talking fast, impulsive behavior, and decreased need for sleep.The symptoms of treatment resistant depression include decreased mood, decreased interest, increased guilty feelings, decreased energy, decreased concentration, changes in appetite, and suicidal thoughts or behavior.Some of your symptoms may improve with treatment. If you do not think you are getting better, call your doctor.What should tell my doctor before taking ZYPREXAZYPREXA may not be right for you. Before starting ZYPREXA, tell your doctor if you have or had:heart problemsseizuresdiabetes or high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia)high cholesterol or triglyceride levels in your bloodliver problemslow or high blood pressurestrokes or mini-strokes also called transient ischemic attacks (TIAs)Alzheimers diseasenarrow-angle glaucomaenlarged prostate in menbowel obstructionphenylketonuria, because ZYPREXA ZYDIS contains phenylalaninebreast cancerthoughts of suicide or hurting yourselfany other medical conditionare pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if ZYPREXA will harm your unborn baby.If you become pregnant while receiving ZYPREXA, talk to your healthcare provider about registering with the National Pregnancy Registry for Atypical Antipsychotics. You can register by calling 1-866-961-2388 or go to http://womensmentalhealth.org/clinical-and-research-programs/pregnancyregistry/. are breast-feeding or plan to breast-feed. ZYPREXA passes into your breast milk. Talk to your doctor about the best way to feed your baby if you take ZYPREXA.Tell your doctor if you exercise lot or are in hot places often.The symptoms of bipolar disorder, treatment resistant depression, or schizophrenia may include thoughts of suicide or of hurting yourself or others. If you have these thoughts at any time, tell your doctor or go to an emergency room right away.Tell your doctor about all the medicines that you take, including prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. ZYPREXA and some medicines may interact with each other and may not work as well, or cause possible serious side effects. Your doctor can tell you if it is safe to take ZYPREXA with your other medicines. Do not start or stop any medicine while taking ZYPREXA without talking to your doctor first.How should take ZYPREXATake ZYPREXA exactly as prescribed. Your doctor may need to change (adjust) the dose of ZYPREXA until it is right for you.If you miss dose of ZYPREXA, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose, just skip the missed dose and take your next dose at the regular time. Do not take two doses of ZYPREXA at the same time.To prevent serious side effects, do not stop taking ZYPREXA suddenly. If you need to stop taking ZYPREXA, your doctor can tell you how to safely stop taking it.If you take too much ZYPREXA, call your doctor or poison control center at 1-800-222-1222 right away, or get emergency treatment.ZYPREXA can be taken with or without food.ZYPREXA is usually taken one time each day.Take ZYPREXA ZYDIS as follows:Be sure that your hands are dry.Open the sachet and peel back the foil on the blister. Do not push the tablet through the foil.As soon as you open the blister, remove the tablet and put it into your mouth.The tablet will disintegrate quickly in your saliva so that you can easily swallow it with or without drinking liquid. Call your doctor if you do not think you are getting better or have any concerns about your condition while taking ZYPREXA.What should avoid while taking ZYPREXAZYPREXA can cause sleepiness and may affect your ability to make decisions, think clearly, or react quickly. You should not drive, operate heavy machinery, or do other dangerous activities until you know how ZYPREXA affects you.Avoid drinking alcohol while taking ZYPREXA. Drinking alcohol while you take ZYPREXA may make you sleepier than if you take ZYPREXA alone.What are the possible side effects of ZYPREXASerious side effects may happen when you take ZYPREXA, including:See What is the most important information should know about ZYPREXA, which describes the increased risk of death in elderly people with dementia-related psychosis and the risks of high blood sugar, high cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and weight gain.Increased incidence of stroke or mini-strokes called transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) in elderly people with dementia-related psychosis (elderly people who have lost touch with reality due to confusion and memory loss). ZYPREXA is not approved for these patients.Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS): NMS is rare but very serious condition that can happen in people who take antipsychotic medicines, including ZYPREXA. NMS can cause death and must be treated in hospital. Call your doctor right away if you become severely ill and have any of these symptoms:high feverexcessive sweatingrigid musclesconfusionchanges in your breathing, heartbeat, and blood pressure. Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS): DRESS can occur with ZYPREXA. Features of DRESS may include rash, fever, swollen glands and other internal organ involvement such as liver, kidney, lung and heart. DRESS is sometimes fatal; therefore, tell your doctor immediately if you experience any of these signs.Tardive Dyskinesia: This condition causes body movements that keep happening and that you can not control. These movements usually affect the face and tongue. Tardive dyskinesia may not go away, even if you stop taking ZYPREXA. It may also start after you stop taking ZYPREXA. Tell your doctor if you get any body movements that you can not control.Decreased blood pressure when you change positions, with symptoms of dizziness, fast or slow heartbeat, or fainting.Difficulty swallowing, that can cause food or liquid to get into your lungs.Seizures: Tell your doctor if you have seizure during treatment with ZYPREXA.Problems with control of body temperature: You could become very hot, for instance when you exercise lot or stay in an area that is very hot. It is important for you to drink water to avoid dehydration. Call your doctor right away if you become severely ill and have any of these symptoms of dehydration:sweating too much or not at alldry mouthfeeling very hotfeeling thirstynot able to produce urine. Common side effects of ZYPREXA include: lack of energy, dry mouth, increased appetite, sleepiness, tremor (shakes), having hard or infrequent stools, dizziness, changes in behavior, or restlessness.Other common side effects in teenagers (13-17 years old) include: headache, stomach-area (abdominal) pain, pain in your arms or legs, or tiredness. Teenagers experienced greater increases in prolactin, liver enzymes, and sleepiness, as compared with adults.Tell your doctor about any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.These are not all the possible side effects with ZYPREXA. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist.Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.How should store ZYPREXAStore ZYPREXA at room temperature, between 68F to 77F (20C to 25C).Keep ZYPREXA away from light.Keep ZYPREXA dry and away from moisture.Keep ZYPREXA and all medicines out of the reach of children.General information about ZYPREXAMedicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in Medication Guide. Do not use ZYPREXA for condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give ZYPREXA to other people, even if they have the same condition. It may harm them.This Medication Guide summarizes the most important information about ZYPREXA. If you would like more information, talk with your doctor. You can ask your doctor or pharmacist for information about ZYPREXA that was written for healthcare professionals. For more information about ZYPREXA call 1-800-Lilly-Rx (1-800-545-5979).What are the ingredients in ZYPREXAActive ingredient: olanzapineInactive ingredients:Tablets -- carnauba wax, crospovidone, hydroxypropyl cellulose, hypromellose, lactose, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and other inactive ingredients. The color coating contains: Titanium Dioxide, FD&C Blue No. Aluminum Lake, or Synthetic Red Iron Oxide.ZYDIS -- gelatin, mannitol, aspartame, sodium methyl paraben, and sodium propyl paraben.This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.Medication Guide revised October 22, 2019Marketed by: Lilly USA, LLCIndianapolis, IN 46285, USACopyright (C) 2009, 2019, Eli Lilly and Company. All rights reserved.ZYP-0002-MG-20191022. Increased risk of death in elderly people who are confused, have memory loss and have lost touch with reality (dementia-related psychosis).. High blood sugar (hyperglycemia).. High fat levels in your blood (increased cholesterol and triglycerides), especially in teenagers age 13 to 17 or when used in combination with fluoxetine in children age 10 to 17.. Weight gain, especially in teenagers age 13 to 17 or when used in combination with fluoxetine in children age 10 to 17.. Increased risk of death in elderly people who are confused, have memory loss and have lost touch with reality (dementia-related psychosis). ZYPREXA is not approved for treating psychosis in elderly people with dementia.. High blood sugar (hyperglycemia). High blood sugar can happen if you have diabetes already or if you have never had diabetes. High blood sugar could lead to:a build up of acid in your blood due to ketones (ketoacidosis)comadeath Your doctor should do tests to check your blood sugar before you start taking ZYPREXA and during treatment. In people who do not have diabetes, sometimes high blood sugar goes away when ZYPREXA is stopped. People with diabetes and some people who did not have diabetes before taking ZYPREXA need to take medicine for high blood sugar even after they stop taking ZYPREXA. If you have diabetes, follow your doctors instructions about how often to check your blood sugar while taking ZYPREXA. Call your doctor if you have any of these symptoms of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) while taking ZYPREXA:feel very thirstyneed to urinate more than usualfeel very hungryfeel weak or tiredfeel sick to your stomachfeel confused or your breath smells fruity a build up of acid in your blood due to ketones (ketoacidosis). coma. death. feel very thirsty. need to urinate more than usual. feel very hungry. feel weak or tired. feel sick to your stomach. feel confused or your breath smells fruity. High fat levels in your blood (cholesterol and triglycerides). High fat levels may happen in people treated with ZYPREXA, especially in teenagers (13 to 17 years old), or when used in combination with fluoxetine in children (10 to 17 years old). You may not have any symptoms, so your doctor should do blood tests to check your cholesterol and triglyceride levels before you start taking ZYPREXA and during treatment.. Weight gain. Weight gain is very common in people who take ZYPREXA. Teenagers (13 to 17 years old) are more likely to gain weight and to gain more weight than adults. Children (10 to 17 years old) are also more likely to gain weight and to gain more weight than adults when ZYPREXA is used in combination with fluoxetine. Some people may gain lot of weight while taking ZYPREXA, so you and your doctor should check your weight regularly. Talk to your doctor about ways to control weight gain, such as eating healthy, balanced diet, and exercising.. schizophrenia in people age 13 or older.. bipolar disorder, including:manic or mixed episodes that happen with bipolar disorder in people age 13 or older.manic or mixed episodes that happen with bipolar disorder, when used with the medicine lithium or valproate, in adults.long-term treatment of bipolar disorder in adults. manic or mixed episodes that happen with bipolar disorder in people age 13 or older.. manic or mixed episodes that happen with bipolar disorder, when used with the medicine lithium or valproate, in adults.. long-term treatment of bipolar disorder in adults.. episodes of depression that happen with bipolar disorder, when used with the medicine fluoxetine (Prozac(R)) in people age 10 or older.. episodes of depression that do not get better after other medicines, also called treatment resistant depression, when used with the medicine fluoxetine (Prozac), in adults.. heart problems. seizures. diabetes or high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia). high cholesterol or triglyceride levels in your blood. liver problems. low or high blood pressure. strokes or mini-strokes also called transient ischemic attacks (TIAs). Alzheimers disease. narrow-angle glaucoma. enlarged prostate in men. bowel obstruction. phenylketonuria, because ZYPREXA ZYDIS contains phenylalanine. breast cancer. thoughts of suicide or hurting yourself. any other medical condition. are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if ZYPREXA will harm your unborn baby.If you become pregnant while receiving ZYPREXA, talk to your healthcare provider about registering with the National Pregnancy Registry for Atypical Antipsychotics. You can register by calling 1-866-961-2388 or go to http://womensmentalhealth.org/clinical-and-research-programs/pregnancyregistry/. If you become pregnant while receiving ZYPREXA, talk to your healthcare provider about registering with the National Pregnancy Registry for Atypical Antipsychotics. You can register by calling 1-866-961-2388 or go to http://womensmentalhealth.org/clinical-and-research-programs/pregnancyregistry/.. are breast-feeding or plan to breast-feed. ZYPREXA passes into your breast milk. Talk to your doctor about the best way to feed your baby if you take ZYPREXA.. Take ZYPREXA exactly as prescribed. Your doctor may need to change (adjust) the dose of ZYPREXA until it is right for you.. If you miss dose of ZYPREXA, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose, just skip the missed dose and take your next dose at the regular time. Do not take two doses of ZYPREXA at the same time.. To prevent serious side effects, do not stop taking ZYPREXA suddenly. If you need to stop taking ZYPREXA, your doctor can tell you how to safely stop taking it.. If you take too much ZYPREXA, call your doctor or poison control center at 1-800-222-1222 right away, or get emergency treatment.. ZYPREXA can be taken with or without food.. ZYPREXA is usually taken one time each day.. Take ZYPREXA ZYDIS as follows:Be sure that your hands are dry.Open the sachet and peel back the foil on the blister. Do not push the tablet through the foil.As soon as you open the blister, remove the tablet and put it into your mouth.The tablet will disintegrate quickly in your saliva so that you can easily swallow it with or without drinking liquid. Be sure that your hands are dry.. Open the sachet and peel back the foil on the blister. Do not push the tablet through the foil.. As soon as you open the blister, remove the tablet and put it into your mouth.. The tablet will disintegrate quickly in your saliva so that you can easily swallow it with or without drinking liquid.. Call your doctor if you do not think you are getting better or have any concerns about your condition while taking ZYPREXA.. ZYPREXA can cause sleepiness and may affect your ability to make decisions, think clearly, or react quickly. You should not drive, operate heavy machinery, or do other dangerous activities until you know how ZYPREXA affects you.. Avoid drinking alcohol while taking ZYPREXA. Drinking alcohol while you take ZYPREXA may make you sleepier than if you take ZYPREXA alone.. See What is the most important information should know about ZYPREXA, which describes the increased risk of death in elderly people with dementia-related psychosis and the risks of high blood sugar, high cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and weight gain.. Increased incidence of stroke or mini-strokes called transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) in elderly people with dementia-related psychosis (elderly people who have lost touch with reality due to confusion and memory loss). ZYPREXA is not approved for these patients.. Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS): NMS is rare but very serious condition that can happen in people who take antipsychotic medicines, including ZYPREXA. NMS can cause death and must be treated in hospital. Call your doctor right away if you become severely ill and have any of these symptoms:high feverexcessive sweatingrigid musclesconfusionchanges in your breathing, heartbeat, and blood pressure. high fever. excessive sweating. rigid muscles. confusion. changes in your breathing, heartbeat, and blood pressure.. Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS): DRESS can occur with ZYPREXA. Features of DRESS may include rash, fever, swollen glands and other internal organ involvement such as liver, kidney, lung and heart. DRESS is sometimes fatal; therefore, tell your doctor immediately if you experience any of these signs.. Tardive Dyskinesia: This condition causes body movements that keep happening and that you can not control. These movements usually affect the face and tongue. Tardive dyskinesia may not go away, even if you stop taking ZYPREXA. It may also start after you stop taking ZYPREXA. Tell your doctor if you get any body movements that you can not control.. Decreased blood pressure when you change positions, with symptoms of dizziness, fast or slow heartbeat, or fainting.. Difficulty swallowing, that can cause food or liquid to get into your lungs.. Seizures: Tell your doctor if you have seizure during treatment with ZYPREXA.. Problems with control of body temperature: You could become very hot, for instance when you exercise lot or stay in an area that is very hot. It is important for you to drink water to avoid dehydration. Call your doctor right away if you become severely ill and have any of these symptoms of dehydration:sweating too much or not at alldry mouthfeeling very hotfeeling thirstynot able to produce urine. sweating too much or not at all. dry mouth. feeling very hot. feeling thirsty. not able to produce urine.. Store ZYPREXA at room temperature, between 68F to 77F (20C to 25C).. Keep ZYPREXA away from light.. Keep ZYPREXA dry and away from moisture.

SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION.


1.1 Schizophrenia. Oral ZYPREXA is indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia. Efficacy was established in three clinical trials in adult patients with schizophrenia: two 6-week trials and one maintenance trial. In adolescent patients with schizophrenia (ages 13-17), efficacy was established in one 6-week trial [see Clinical Studies (14.1)].When deciding among the alternative treatments available for adolescents, clinicians should consider the increased potential (in adolescents as compared with adults) for weight gain and dyslipidemia. Clinicians should consider the potential long-term risks when prescribing to adolescents, and in many cases this may lead them to consider prescribing other drugs first in adolescents [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].

STORAGE AND HANDLING SECTION.


16.2 Storage and Handling. Store ZYPREXA tablets, ZYPREXA ZYDIS, and ZYPREXA IntraMuscular vials (before reconstitution) at controlled room temperature, 20 to 25C (68 to 77F) [see USP]. Reconstituted ZYPREXA IntraMuscular may be stored at controlled room temperature, 20 to 25C (68 to 77F) [see USP] for up to hour if necessary. Discard any unused portion of reconstituted ZYPREXA IntraMuscular. The USP defines controlled room temperature as temperature maintained thermostatically that encompasses the usual and customary working environment of 20 to 25C (68 to 77F); that results in mean kinetic temperature calculated to be not more than 25C; and that allows for excursions between 15 and 30C (59 and 86F) that are experienced in pharmacies, hospitals, and warehouses.Protect ZYPREXA tablets and ZYPREXA ZYDIS from light and moisture. Protect ZYPREXA IntraMuscular from light, do not freeze.

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS SECTION.


8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS. When using ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination, also refer to the Use in Specific Populations section of the package insert for Symbyax.. Pregnancy: May cause extrapyramidal and/or withdrawal symptoms in neonates with third trimester exposure. (8.1)Pediatric Use: Safety and effectiveness of ZYPREXA in children <13 years of age have not been established. Safety and effectiveness of ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination in children <10 years of age have not been established. (8.4). Pregnancy: May cause extrapyramidal and/or withdrawal symptoms in neonates with third trimester exposure. (8.1). Pediatric Use: Safety and effectiveness of ZYPREXA in children <13 years of age have not been established. Safety and effectiveness of ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination in children <10 years of age have not been established. (8.4). 8.1 Pregnancy. Pregnancy Exposure RegistryThere is pregnancy exposure registry that monitors pregnancy outcomes in women exposed to atypical antipsychotics, including ZYPREXA, during pregnancy. Healthcare providers are encouraged to register patients by contacting the National Pregnancy Registry for Atypical Antipsychotics at 1-866-961-2388 or visit http://womensmentalhealth.org/clinical-and-research-programs/pregnancyregistry/.Risk SummaryNeonates exposed to antipsychotic drugs, including ZYPREXA, during the third trimester are at risk for extrapyramidal and/or withdrawal symptoms following delivery (see Clinical Considerations). Overall available data from published epidemiologic studies of pregnant women exposed to olanzapine have not established drug-associated risk of major birth defects, miscarriage, or adverse maternal or fetal outcomes (see Data). There are risks to the mother associated with untreated schizophrenia or bipolar disorder and with exposure to antipsychotics, including ZYPREXA, during pregnancy (see Clinical Considerations).Olanzapine was not teratogenic when administered orally to pregnant rats and rabbits at doses that are 9- and 30 times the daily oral maximum recommended human dose (MRHD), based on mg/m2 body surface area; some fetal toxicities were observed at these doses (see Data).The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated populations is unknown. All pregnancies have background risk of birth defects, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2% to 4% and 15% to 20%, respectively.Clinical ConsiderationsDisease-associated maternal and embryo/fetal riskThere is risk to the mother from untreated schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, including increased risk of relapse, hospitalization, and suicide. Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder are associated with increased adverse perinatal outcomes, including preterm birth. It is not known if this is direct result of the illness or other comorbid factors.Fetal/Neonatal adverse reactionsExtrapyramidal and/or withdrawal symptoms, including agitation, hypertonia, hypotonia, tremor, somnolence, respiratory distress, and feeding disorder have been reported in neonates who were exposed to antipsychotic drugs, including ZYPREXA, during the third trimester of pregnancy. These symptoms have varied in severity. Monitor neonates for extrapyramidal and/or withdrawal symptoms and manage symptoms appropriately. Some neonates recovered within hours or days without specific treatment; others required prolonged hospitalization.DataHuman DataPlacental passage has been reported in published study reports; however, the placental passage ratio was highly variable ranging between 7% to 167% at birth following exposure during pregnancy. The clinical relevance of this finding is unknown.Published data from observational studies, birth registries, and case reports that have evaluated the use of atypical antipsychotics during pregnancy do not establish an increased risk of major birth defects. retrospective cohort study from Medicaid database of 9258 women exposed to antipsychotics during pregnancy did not indicate an overall increased risk for major birth defects.Animal DataIn oral reproduction studies in rats at doses up to 18 mg/kg/day and in rabbits at doses up to 30 mg/kg/day (9 and 30 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area, respectively), no evidence of teratogenicity was observed. In an oral rat teratology study, early resorptions and increased numbers of nonviable fetuses were observed at dose of 18 mg/kg/day (9 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area), and gestation was prolonged at 10 mg/kg/day (5 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area). In an oral rabbit teratology study, fetal toxicity manifested as increased resorptions and decreased fetal weight, occurred at maternally toxic dose of 30 mg/kg/day (30 times the daily oral MRHD based on mg/m2 body surface area).. 8.2 Lactation. Risk SummaryOlanzapine is present in human milk. There are reports of excess sedation, irritability, poor feeding and extrapyramidal symptoms (tremors and abnormal muscle movements) in infants exposed to olanzapine through breast milk (see Clinical Considerations). There is no information on the effects of olanzapine on milk production.The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mothers clinical need for ZYPREXA and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed child from ZYPREXA or from the mothers underlying condition.Clinical ConsiderationsInfants exposed to ZYPREXA should be monitored for excess sedation, irritability, poor feeding, and extrapyramidal symptoms (tremors and abnormal muscle movements).. 8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential. InfertilityFemalesBased on the pharmacologic action of olanzapine (D2 receptor antagonism), treatment with ZYPREXA may result in an increase in serum prolactin levels, which may lead to reversible reduction in fertility in females of reproductive potential [see Warnings and Precautions (5.15)].. 8.4 Pediatric Use. The safety and effectiveness of oral ZYPREXA in the treatment of schizophrenia and manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar disorder were established in short-term studies in adolescents (ages 13 to 17 years). Use of ZYPREXA in adolescents is supported by evidence from adequate and well-controlled studies of ZYPREXA in which 268 adolescents received ZYPREXA in range of 2.5 to 20 mg/day [see Clinical Studies (14.1, 14.2)]. Recommended starting dose for adolescents is lower than that for adults [see Dosage and Administration (2.1, 2.2)]. Compared to patients from adult clinical trials, adolescents were likely to gain more weight, experience increased sedation, and have greater increases in total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL cholesterol, prolactin and hepatic aminotransferase levels [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5, 5.15, 5.17) and Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. When deciding among the alternative treatments available for adolescents, clinicians should consider the increased potential (in adolescents as compared with adults) for weight gain and dyslipidemia. Clinicians should consider the potential long-term risks when prescribing to adolescents, and in many cases this may lead them to consider prescribing other drugs first in adolescents [see Indications and Usage (1.1, 1.2)].Safety and effectiveness of olanzapine in children <13 years of age have not been established [see Patient Counseling Information (17)].Safety and efficacy of ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination in children and adolescents (10 to 17 years of age) have been established for the acute treatment of depressive episodes associated with bipolar disorder.Safety and effectiveness of ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination in children <10 years of age have not been established.. 8.5 Geriatric Use. Of the 2500 patients in premarketing clinical studies with oral olanzapine, 11% (263) were 65 years of age or over. In patients with schizophrenia, there was no indication of any different tolerability of olanzapine in the elderly compared to younger patients. Studies in elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis have suggested that there may be different tolerability profile in this population compared to younger patients with schizophrenia. Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with olanzapine are at an increased risk of death compared to placebo. In placebo-controlled studies of olanzapine in elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis, there was higher incidence of cerebrovascular adverse events (e.g., stroke, transient ischemic attack) in patients treated with olanzapine compared to patients treated with placebo. In placebo-controlled studies of olanzapine in elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis (n=1184), the following adverse reactions were reported in olanzapine-treated patients at an incidence of at least 2% and significantly greater than placebo-treated patients: falls, somnolence, peripheral edema, abnormal gait, urinary incontinence, lethargy, increased weight, asthenia, pyrexia, pneumonia, dry mouth and visual hallucinations. The rate of discontinuation due to adverse reactions was greater with olanzapine than placebo (13% vs 7%). Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with olanzapine are at an increased risk of death compared to placebo. Olanzapine is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.1), and Patient Counseling Information (17)]. Olanzapine is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis. Also, the presence of factors that might decrease pharmacokinetic clearance or increase the pharmacodynamic response to olanzapine should lead to consideration of lower starting dose for any geriatric patient [see Boxed Warning, Dosage and Administration (2.1), and Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].Clinical studies of ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination did not include sufficient numbers of patients >=65 years of age to determine whether they respond differently from younger patients.

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS SECTION.


5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS. When using ZYPREXA and fluoxetine in combination, also refer to the Warnings and Precautions section of the package insert for Symbyax.. Elderly Patients with Dementia-Related Psychosis: Increased risk of death and increased incidence of cerebrovascular adverse events (e.g., stroke, transient ischemic attack). (5.1)Suicide: The possibility of suicide attempt is inherent in schizophrenia and in bipolar disorder, and close supervision of high-risk patients should accompany drug therapy; when using in combination with fluoxetine, also refer to the Boxed Warning and Warnings and Precautions sections of the package insert for Symbyax. (5.2)Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome: Manage with immediate discontinuation and close monitoring. (5.3)Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS): Discontinue if DRESS is suspected. (5.4)Metabolic Changes: Atypical antipsychotic drugs have been associated with metabolic changes including hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, and weight gain. (5.5)Hyperglycemia and Diabetes Mellitus: In some cases extreme and associated with ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar coma or death, has been reported in patients taking olanzapine. Patients taking olanzapine should be monitored for symptoms of hyperglycemia and undergo fasting blood glucose testing at the beginning of, and periodically during, treatment. (5.5)Dyslipidemia: Undesirable alterations in lipids have been observed. Appropriate clinical monitoring is recommended, including fasting blood lipid testing at the beginning of, and periodically during, treatment. (5.5)Weight Gain: Potential consequences of weight gain should be considered. Patients should receive regular monitoring of weight. (5.5) Tardive Dyskinesia: Discontinue if clinically appropriate. (5.6)Orthostatic Hypotension: Orthostatic hypotension associated with dizziness, tachycardia, bradycardia and, in some patients, syncope, may occur especially during initial dose titration. Use caution in patients with cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, and those conditions that could affect hemodynamic responses. (5.7)Leukopenia, Neutropenia, and Agranulocytosis: Has been reported with antipsychotics, including ZYPREXA. Patients with history of clinically significant low white blood cell count (WBC) or drug induced leukopenia/neutropenia should have their complete blood count (CBC) monitored frequently during the first few months of therapy and discontinuation of ZYPREXA should be considered at the first sign of clinically significant decline in WBC in the absence of other causative factors. (5.9)Seizures: Use cautiously in patients with history of seizures or with conditions that potentially lower the seizure threshold. (5.11)Potential for Cognitive and Motor Impairment: Has potential to impair judgment, thinking, and motor skills. Use caution when operating machinery. (5.12)Anticholinergic (antimuscarinic) Effects: Use with caution with other anticholinergic drugs and in patients with urinary retention, prostatic hypertrophy, constipation, paralytic ileus or related conditions. (5.14)Hyperprolactinemia: May elevate prolactin levels. (5.15)Use in Combination with Fluoxetine, Lithium or Valproate: Also refer to the package inserts for Symbyax, lithium, or valproate. (5.16)Laboratory Tests: Monitor fasting blood glucose and lipid profiles at the beginning of, and periodically during, treatment. (5.17). Elderly Patients with Dementia-Related Psychosis: Increased risk of death and increased incidence of cerebrovascular adverse events (e.g., stroke, transient ischemic attack). (5.1). Suicide: The possibility of suicide attempt is inherent in schizophrenia and in bipolar disorder, and close supervision of high-risk patients should accompany drug therapy; when using in combination with fluoxetine, also refer to the Boxed Warning and Warnings and Precautions sections of the package insert for Symbyax. (5.2). Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome: Manage with immediate discontinuation and close monitoring. (5.3). Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS): Discontinue if DRESS is suspected. (5.4). Metabolic Changes: Atypical antipsychotic drugs have been associated with metabolic changes including hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, and weight gain. (5.5)Hyperglycemia and Diabetes Mellitus: In some cases extreme and associated with ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar coma or death, has been reported in patients taking olanzapine. Patients taking olanzapine should be monitored for symptoms of hyperglycemia and undergo fasting blood glucose testing at the beginning of, and periodically during, treatment. (5.5)Dyslipidemia: Undesirable alterations in lipids have been observed. Appropriate clinical monitoring is recommended, including fasting blood lipid testing at the beginning of, and periodically during, treatment. (5.5)Weight Gain: Potential consequences of weight gain should be considered. Patients should receive regular monitoring of weight. (5.5) Hyperglycemia and Diabetes Mellitus: In some cases extreme and associated with ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar coma or death, has been reported in patients taking olanzapine. Patients taking olanzapine should be monitored for symptoms of hyperglycemia and undergo fasting blood glucose testing at the beginning of, and periodically during, treatment. (5.5). Dyslipidemia: Undesirable alterations in lipids have been observed. Appropriate clinical monitoring is recommended, including fasting blood lipid testing at the beginning of, and periodically during, treatment. (5.5). Weight Gain: Potential consequences of weight gain should be considered. Patients should receive regular monitoring of weight. (5.5). Tardive Dyskinesia: Discontinue if clinically appropriate. (5.6). Orthostatic Hypotension: Orthostatic hypotension associated with dizziness, tachycardia, bradycardia and, in some patients, syncope, may occur especially during initial dose titration. Use caution in patients with cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, and those conditions that could affect hemodynamic responses. (5.7). Leukopenia, Neutropenia, and Agranulocytosis: Has been reported with antipsychotics, including ZYPREXA. Patients with history of clinically significant low white blood cell count (WBC) or drug induced leukopenia/neutropenia should have their complete blood count (CBC) monitored frequently during the first few months of therapy and discontinuation of ZYPREXA should be considered at the first sign of clinically significant decline in WBC in the absence of other causative factors. (5.9). Seizures: Use cautiously in patients with history of seizures or with conditions that potentially lower the seizure threshold. (5.11). Potential for Cognitive and Motor Impairment: Has potential to impair judgment, thinking, and motor skills. Use caution when operating machinery. (5.12). Anticholinergic (antimuscarinic) Effects: Use with caution with other anticholinergic drugs and in patients with urinary retention, prostatic hypertrophy, constipation, paralytic ileus or related conditions. (5.14). Hyperprolactinemia: May elevate prolactin levels. (5.15). Use in Combination with Fluoxetine, Lithium or Valproate: Also refer to the package inserts for Symbyax, lithium, or valproate. (5.16). Laboratory Tests: Monitor fasting blood glucose and lipid profiles at the beginning of, and periodically during, treatment. (5.17). 5.1 Elderly Patients with Dementia-Related Psychosis. Increased Mortality -- Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with antipsychotic drugs are at an increased risk of death. ZYPREXA is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis [see Boxed Warning, Use in Specific Populations (8.5), and Patient Counseling Information (17)]. In placebo-controlled clinical trials of elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis, the incidence of death in olanzapine-treated patients was significantly greater than placebo-treated patients (3.5% vs 1.5%, respectively).Cerebrovascular Adverse Events (CVAE), Including Stroke -- Cerebrovascular adverse events (e.g., stroke, transient ischemic attack), including fatalities, were reported in patients in trials of olanzapine in elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis. In placebo-controlled trials, there was significantly higher incidence of cerebrovascular adverse events in patients treated with olanzapine compared to patients treated with placebo. Olanzapine is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis [see Boxed Warning and Patient Counseling Information (17)].