DOSAGE FORMS & STRENGTHS SECTION.


3DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS. BYETTA is supplied as sterile solution for subcutaneous injection containing 250 mcg/mL exenatide in the following packages:5 mcg per dose, 60 doses, 1.2 mL prefilled pen10 mcg per dose, 60 doses, 2.4 mL prefilled pen. mcg per dose, 60 doses, 1.2 mL prefilled pen. 10 mcg per dose, 60 doses, 2.4 mL prefilled pen. BYETTA is supplied as 250 mcg/mL exenatide in: mcg per dose, 60 doses, 1.2 mL prefilled pen10 mcg per dose, 60 doses, 2.4 mL prefilled pen. mcg per dose, 60 doses, 1.2 mL prefilled pen. 10 mcg per dose, 60 doses, 2.4 mL prefilled pen.

ADVERSE REACTIONS SECTION.


6ADVERSE REACTIONS. Most common (>=5%) and occurring more frequently than placebo in clinical trials: nausea, hypoglycemia, vomiting, diarrhea, feeling jittery, dizziness, headache, dyspepsia, constipation, asthenia. Nausea usually decreases over time (5.2, 6).Postmarketing reports with exenatide of increased international normalized ratio (INR) with concomitant use of warfarin, sometimes with bleeding (6.2, 7.2).To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS contact Amylin Pharmaceuticals, Inc. at 1-800-868-1190 and www.byetta.com or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. Most common (>=5%) and occurring more frequently than placebo in clinical trials: nausea, hypoglycemia, vomiting, diarrhea, feeling jittery, dizziness, headache, dyspepsia, constipation, asthenia. Nausea usually decreases over time (5.2, 6).. Postmarketing reports with exenatide of increased international normalized ratio (INR) with concomitant use of warfarin, sometimes with bleeding (6.2, 7.2).. 6.1Clinical Trial Experience. Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.. HypoglycemiaTable summarizes the incidence and rate of hypoglycemia with BYETTA in six placebo-controlled clinical trials.Table 1: Incidence (%) and Rate of Hypoglycemia When BYETTA was Used as Monotherapy or With Concomitant Antidiabetic Therapy in Six Placebo-Controlled Clinical TrialsA hypoglycemic episode was recorded if patient reported symptoms of hypoglycemia with or without blood glucose value consistent with hypoglycemia. Severe hypoglycemia was defined as an event with symptoms consistent with hypoglycemia requiring the assistance of another person and associated with either blood glucose value consistent with hypoglycemia or prompt recovery after treatment for hypoglycemia. BYETTAPlacebo twice daily5 mcg twice daily10 mcg twice dailyN The number of Intent-to-Treat subjects in each treatment group.Monotherapy (24 Weeks)N777778% Overall1.3%5.2%3.8%Rate (episodes/patient-year)0.030.210.52% Severe0.0% 0.0%0.0%With Metformin (30 Weeks)N113110113% Overall5.3%4.5%5.3%Rate (episodes/patient-year)0.120.130.12% Severe0.0% 0.0%0.0%With Sulfonylurea (30 Weeks)N123125129% Overall3.3%14.4%35.7%Rate (episodes/patient-year)0.070.641.61% Severe0.0% 0.0%0.0%With Metformin and Sulfonylurea (30 Weeks)N247245241% Overall12.6%19.2%27.8%Rate (episodes/patient-year)0.580.781.71% Severe0.0% 0.4%0.0%With Thiazolidinedione (16 Weeks)N112not evaluated121% Overall7.1%not evaluated10.7%Rate (episodes/patient-years)0.56not evaluated0.98% Severe0.0% not evaluated0.0%With Insulin Glargine (30 Weeks) When BYETTA was initiated in combination with insulin glargine, the dose of insulin glargine was decreased by 20% in patients with an HbA1c <= 8.0 to minimize the risk of hypoglycemia. See Table for insulin dose titration algorithm. N122not evaluated137% Overall29.5%not evaluated24.8%Rate (episodes/patient-years)1.58not evaluated1.61% Severe0.8% not evaluated0.0%. ImmunogenicityAntibodies were assessed in 90% of subjects in the 30-week, 24-week and 16-week studies of BYETTA. In the 30-week controlled trials of BYETTA add-on to metformin and/or sulfonylurea, antibodies were assessed at 2- to 6-week intervals. The mean antibody titer peaked at week and was reduced by 55% by week 30. Three hundred and sixty patients (38%) had low titer antibodies (<625) to exenatide at 30 weeks. The level of glycemic control (HbA1c) in these patients was generally comparable to that observed in the 534 patients (56%) without antibody titers. An additional 59 patients (6%) had higher titer antibodies (>=625) at 30 weeks. Of these patients, 32 (3% overall) had an attenuated glycemic response to BYETTA; the remaining 27 (3% overall) had glycemic response comparable to that of patients without antibodies [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].In the 16-week trial of BYETTA add-on to thiazolidinediones, with or without metformin, 36 patients (31%) had low titer antibodies to exenatide at 16 weeks. The level of glycemic control in these patients was generally comparable to that observed in the 69 patients (60%) without antibody titer. An additional 10 patients (9%) had higher titer antibodies at 16 weeks. Of these patients, (4% overall) had an attenuated glycemic response to BYETTA; the remaining (5% overall) had glycemic response comparable to that of patients without antibodies [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5) ].In the 24-week trial of BYETTA used as monotherapy, 40 patients (28%) had low titer antibodies to exenatide at 24 weeks. The level of glycemic control in these patients was generally comparable to that observed in the 101 patients (70%) without antibody titers. An additional patients (2%) had higher titer antibodies at 24 weeks. Of these patients, (1% overall) had an attenuated glycemic response to BYETTA; the remaining (1% overall) had glycemic response comparable to that of patients without antibodies [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].Antibodies to exenatide were not assessed in the 30-week trial of BYETTA used in combination with insulin glargine.Two hundred and ten patients with antibodies to exenatide in the BYETTA clinical trials were tested for the presence of cross-reactive antibodies to GLP-1 and/or glucagon. No treatment-emergent cross reactive antibodies were observed across the range of titers.. Other Adverse Reactions. MonotherapyFor the 24-week placebo-controlled study of BYETTA used as monotherapy, Table summarizes adverse reactions (excluding hypoglycemia) occurring with an incidence >=2% and occurring more frequently in BYETTA-treated patients compared with placebo-treated patients.Table 2: Treatment-Emergent Adverse Reactions >=2% Incidence With BYETTA Used as Monotherapy (Excluding Hypoglycemia)In 24-week placebo-controlled trial. MonotherapyPlacebo BID = 77 %All BYETTA BID = 155 %BID twice daily.Nausea08Vomiting04Dyspepsia03Adverse reactions reported in >=1.0 to <2.0% of patients receiving BYETTA and reported more frequently than with placebo included decreased appetite, diarrhea, and dizziness. The most frequently reported adverse reaction associated with BYETTA, nausea, occurred in dose-dependent fashion.Two of the 155 patients treated with BYETTA withdrew due to adverse reactions of headache and nausea. No placebo-treated patients withdrew due to adverse reactions.. Combination Therapy. Add-on to metformin and/or sulfonylureaIn the three 30-week controlled trials of BYETTA add-on to metformin and/or sulfonylurea, adverse reactions (excluding hypoglycemia) with an incidence >=2% and occurring more frequently in BYETTA-treated patients compared with placebo-treated patients [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)] are summarized in Table 3.Table 3: Treatment-Emergent Adverse Reactions >=2% Incidence and Greater Incidence With BYETTA Treatment Used With Metformin and/or Sulfonylurea (Excluding Hypoglycemia)In three 30-week placebo-controlled clinical trials. Placebo BID = 483 %All BYETTA BID = 963 %BID twice daily.Nausea1844Vomiting413Diarrhea613Feeling Jittery49Dizziness69Headache69Dyspepsia36Asthenia24Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease13Hyperhidrosis13Adverse reactions reported in >=1.0 to <2.0% of patients receiving BYETTA and reported more frequently than with placebo included decreased appetite. Nausea was the most frequently reported adverse reaction and occurred in dose-dependent fashion. With continued therapy, the frequency and severity decreased over time in most of the patients who initially experienced nausea. Patients in the long-term uncontrolled open-label extension studies at 52 weeks reported no new types of adverse reactions than those observed in the 30-week controlled trials.The most common adverse reactions leading to withdrawal for BYETTA-treated patients were nausea (3% of patients) and vomiting (1%). For placebo-treated patients, <1% withdrew due to nausea and none due to vomiting.. Add-on to thiazolidinedione with or without metforminFor the 16-week placebo-controlled study of BYETTA add-on to thiazolidinedione, with or without metformin, Table summarizes the adverse reactions (excluding hypoglycemia) with an incidence of >=2% and occurring more frequently in BYETTA-treated patients compared with placebo-treated patients.Table 4: Treatment-Emergent Adverse Reactions >=2% Incidence With BYETTA Used With Thiazolidinedione, With or Without Metformin (Excluding Hypoglycemia)In 16-week placebo-controlled clinical trial. With TZD or TZD/METPlacebo = 112 %All BYETTA BID = 121 %BID twice daily.Nausea1540Vomiting113Dyspepsia17Diarrhea36Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease03Adverse reactions reported in >=1.0 to <2.0% of patients receiving BYETTA and reported more frequently than with placebo included decreased appetite. Chills (n 4) and injection-site reactions (n 2) occurred only in BYETTA-treated patients. The two patients who reported an injection-site reaction had high titers of antibodies to exenatide. Two serious adverse events (chest pain and chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis) were reported in the BYETTA arm. No serious adverse events were reported in the placebo arm.The most common adverse reactions leading to withdrawal for BYETTA-treated patients were nausea (9%) and vomiting (5%). For placebo-treated patients, <1% withdrew due to nausea.. Add-on to insulin glargine with or without metformin and/or thiazolidinedioneFor the 30-week placebo-controlled study of BYETTA as add-on to insulin glargine with or without oral antihyperglycemic medications, Table summarizes adverse reactions (excluding hypoglycemia) occurring with an incidence >=2% and occurring more frequently in BYETTA-treated patients compared with placebo-treated patients.Table 5: Treatment-Emergent Adverse Reactions >=2% Incidence With BYETTA Used With Insulin Glargine With or Without Oral Antihyperglycemic Medications (Excluding Hypoglycemia)In 30-week placebo-controlled clinical trial. With Insulin GlarginePlacebo = 122 %All BYETTA BID = 137 %BID twice daily.Nausea841Vomiting418Diarrhea818Headache414Constipation210Dyspepsia27Asthenia15Abdominal Distension14Decreased Appetite03Flatulence12Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease12The most frequently reported adverse reactions leading to withdrawal for BYETTA-treated patients were nausea (5.1%) and vomiting (2.9%). No placebo-treated patients withdrew due to nausea or vomiting.. 6.2Post-Marketing Experience. The following additional adverse reactions have been reported during post-approval use of BYETTA. Because these events are reported voluntarily from population of uncertain size, it is generally not possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish causal relationship to drug exposure.Allergy/Hypersensitivity: injection-site reactions, generalized pruritus and/or urticaria, macular or papular rash, angioedema, anaphylactic reaction [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)].Drug Interactions: International normalized ratio (INR) increased with concomitant warfarin use sometimes associated with bleeding [see Drug Interactions (7.2)].Gastrointestinal: nausea, vomiting, and/or diarrhea resulting in dehydration; abdominal distension, abdominal pain, eructation, constipation, flatulence, acute pancreatitis, hemorrhagic and necrotizing pancreatitis sometimes resulting in death [see Limitations of Use (1.2) and Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].Neurologic: dysgeusia; somnolenceRenal and Urinary Disorders: altered renal function, including increased serum creatinine, renal impairment, worsened chronic renal failure or acute renal failure (sometimes requiring hemodialysis), kidney transplant and kidney transplant dysfunction [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders: alopecia.

CARCINOGENESIS & MUTAGENESIS & IMPAIRMENT OF FERTILITY SECTION.


13.1Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility. 104-week carcinogenicity study was conducted in male and female rats at doses of 18, 70, or 250 mcg/kg/day administered by bolus SC injection. Benign thyroid C-cell adenomas were observed in female rats at all exenatide doses. The incidences in female rats were 8% and 5% in the two control groups and 14%, 11%, and 23% in the low-, medium-, and high-dose groups with systemic exposures of 5, 22, and 130 times, respectively, the human exposure resulting from the maximum recommended dose of 20 mcg/day, based on plasma area under the curve (AUC).In 104-week carcinogenicity study in mice at doses of 18, 70, or 250 mcg/kg/day administered by bolus SC injection, no evidence of tumors was observed at doses up to 250 mcg/kg/day, systemic exposure up to 95 times the human exposure resulting from the maximum recommended dose of 20 mcg/day, based on AUC.Exenatide was not mutagenic or clastogenic, with or without metabolic activation, in the Ames bacterial mutagenicity assay or chromosomal aberration assay in Chinese hamster ovary cells. Exenatide was negative in the in vivo mouse micronucleus assay.In mouse fertility studies with SC doses of 6, 68 or 760 mcg/kg/day, males were treated for weeks prior to and throughout mating, and females were treated weeks prior to mating and throughout mating until gestation day 7. No adverse effect on fertility was observed at 760 mcg/kg/day, systemic exposure 390 times the human exposure resulting from the maximum recommended dose of 20 mcg/day, based on AUC.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY SECTION.


12CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY. 12.1Mechanism of Action. Incretins, such as glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), enhance glucose-dependent insulin secretion and exhibit other antihyperglycemic actions following their release into the circulation from the gut. BYETTA is GLP-1 receptor agonist that enhances glucose-dependent insulin secretion by the pancreatic beta-cell, suppresses inappropriately elevated glucagon secretion, and slows gastric emptying.The amino acid sequence of exenatide partially overlaps that of human GLP-1. Exenatide has been shown to bind and activate the human GLP-1 receptor in vitro. This leads to an increase in both glucose-dependent synthesis of insulin, and in vivo secretion of insulin from pancreatic beta cells, by mechanisms involving cyclic AMP and/or other intracellular signaling pathways.BYETTA improves glycemic control by reducing fasting and postprandial glucose concentrations in patients with type diabetes through the actions described below.. 12.2Pharmacodynamics. Glucose-dependent insulin secretion: BYETTA has acute effects on pancreatic beta-cell responsiveness to glucose leading to insulin release predominantly in the presence of elevated glucose concentrations. This insulin secretion subsides as blood glucose concentrations decrease and approach euglycemia. However, BYETTA does not impair the normal glucagon response to hypoglycemia.First-phase insulin response: In healthy individuals, robust insulin secretion occurs during the first 10 minutes following intravenous (IV) glucose administration. This secretion, known as the first-phase insulin response, is characteristically absent in patients with type diabetes. The loss of the first-phase insulin response is an early beta-cell defect in type diabetes. Administration of BYETTA at therapeutic plasma concentrations restored first-phase insulin response to an IV bolus of glucose in patients with type diabetes (Figure 1). Both first-phase insulin secretion and second-phase insulin secretion were significantly increased in patients with type diabetes treated with BYETTA compared with saline (p <0.001 for both).Figure 1: Mean (+SEM) Insulin Secretion Rate During Infusion of BYETTA or Saline in Patients With Type Diabetes and During Infusion of Saline in Healthy SubjectsGlucagon secretion: In patients with type diabetes, BYETTA moderates glucagon secretion and lowers serum glucagon concentrations during periods of hyperglycemia. Lower glucagon concentrations lead to decreased hepatic glucose output and decreased insulin demand.Gastric emptying: BYETTA slows gastric emptying, thereby reducing the rate at which meal-derived glucose appears in the circulation.Food intake: In both animals and humans, administration of exenatide has been shown to reduce food intake.. Figure 1. Postprandial GlucoseIn patients with type diabetes, BYETTA reduces postprandial plasma glucose concentrations (Figure 2).Figure 2: Mean (+SEM) Postprandial Plasma Glucose Concentrations on Day of BYETTAa Treatment in Patients With Type Diabetes Treated With Metformin, Sulfonylurea, or Both (N 54). Figure 2. Fasting GlucoseIn single-dose crossover study in patients with type diabetes and fasting hyperglycemia, immediate insulin release followed injection of BYETTA. Plasma glucose concentrations were significantly reduced with BYETTA compared with placebo (Figure 3).Figure 3: Mean (+SEM) Serum Insulin and Plasma Glucose Concentrations Following One-Time Injection of BYETTAa or Placebo in Fasting Patients With Type Diabetes (N 12). Figure 3. Cardiac ElectrophysiologyThe effect of exenatide 10 ug subcutaneously on QTc interval was evaluated in randomized, placebo-, and active-controlled (moxifloxacin 400 mg) crossover thorough QTc study in 62 healthy subjects. In this study with demonstrated ability to detect small effects, the upper bound of the 90% confidence interval for the largest placebo-adjusted, baseline-corrected QTc was below 10 ms. Thus, BYETTA (10 mcg single dose) was not associated with clinically meaningful prolongation of the QTc interval.. 12.3Pharmacokinetics. AbsorptionFollowing SC administration to patients with type diabetes, exenatide reaches median peak plasma concentrations in 2.1 h. The mean peak exenatide concentration (Cmax) was 211 pg/mL and overall mean area under the time-concentration curve (AUC0-inf) was 1036 pgh/mL following SC administration of 10-mcg dose of BYETTA. Exenatide exposure (AUC) increased proportionally over the therapeutic dose range of mcg to 10 mcg. The Cmax values increased less than proportionally over the same range. Similar exposure is achieved with SC administration of BYETTA in the abdomen, thigh, or upper arm.. DistributionThe mean apparent volume of distribution of exenatide following SC administration of single dose of BYETTA is 28.3 L.. Metabolism and EliminationNonclinical studies have shown that exenatide is predominantly eliminated by glomerular filtration with subsequent proteolytic degradation. The mean apparent clearance of exenatide in humans is 9.1 L/h and the mean terminal half-life is 2.4 h. These pharmacokinetic characteristics of exenatide are independent of the dose. In most individuals, exenatide concentrations are measurable for approximately 10 post-dose.. Drug Interactions. AcetaminophenWhen 1000 mg acetaminophen elixir was given with 10 mcg BYETTA (0 h) and hour, hours, and hours after BYETTA injection, acetaminophen AUCs were decreased by 21%, 23%, 24%, and 14%, respectively; Cmax was decreased by 37%, 56%, 54%, and 41%, respectively; Tmax was increased from 0.6 hour in the control period to 0.9 hour, 4.2 hours, 3.3 hours, and 1.6 hours, respectively. Acetaminophen AUC, Cmax and Tmax were not significantly changed when acetaminophen was given hour before BYETTA injection.. DigoxinAdministration of repeated doses of BYETTA (10 mcg BID) 30 minutes before oral digoxin (0.25 mg QD) decreased the Cmax of digoxin by 17% and delayed the Tmax of digoxin by approximately 2.5 hours; however, the overall steady-state pharmacokinetic exposure (e.g., AUC) of digoxin was not changed.. LovastatinAdministration of BYETTA (10 mcg BID) 30 minutes before single oral dose of lovastatin (40 mg) decreased the AUC and Cmax of lovastatin by approximately 40% and 28%, respectively, and delayed the Tmax by about hours compared with lovastatin administered alone. In the 30-week controlled clinical trials of BYETTA, the use of BYETTA in patients already receiving HMG CoA reductase inhibitors was not associated with consistent changes in lipid profiles compared to baseline.. LisinoprilIn patients with mild to moderate hypertension stabilized on lisinopril (5 to 20 mg/day), BYETTA (10 mcg BID) did not alter steady-state Cmax or AUC of lisinopril. Lisinopril steady-state Tmax was delayed by hours. There were no changes in 24-h mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure.. Oral ContraceptivesThe effect of BYETTA (10 mcg BID) on single and on multiple doses of combination oral contraceptive (30 mcg ethinyl estradiol plus 150 mcg levonorgestrel) was studied in healthy female subjects. Repeated daily doses of the oral contraceptive (OC) given 30 minutes after BYETTA administration decreased the Cmax of ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel by 45% and 27%, respectively and delayed the Tmax of ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel by 3.0 hours and 3.5 hours, respectively, as compared to the oral contraceptive administered alone. Administration of repeated daily doses of the OC one hour prior to BYETTA administration decreased the mean Cmax of ethinyl estradiol by 15% but the mean Cmax of levonorgestrel was not significantly changed as compared to when the OC was given alone. BYETTA did not alter the mean trough concentrations of levonorgestrel after repeated daily dosing of the oral contraceptive for both regimens. However, the mean trough concentration of ethinyl estradiol was increased by 20% when the OC was administered 30 minutes after BYETTA administration injection as compared to when the OC was given alone. The effect of BYETTA on OC pharmacokinetics is confounded by the possible food effect on OC in this study. Therefore, OC products should be administered at least one hour prior to BYETTA injection.. WarfarinAdministration of warfarin (25 mg) 35 minutes after repeated doses of BYETTA (5 mcg BID on days 1-2 and 10 mcg BID on days 3-9) in healthy volunteers delayed warfarin Tmax by approximately hours. No clinically relevant effects on Cmax or AUC of S- and R-enantiomers of warfarin were observed. BYETTA did not significantly alter the pharmacodynamic properties (e.g., international normalized ratio) of warfarin [see Drug Interactions (7.2)].. Specific Populations. Renal Impairment Pharmacokinetics of exenatide was studied in subjects with normal, mild, or moderate renal impairment and subjects with end stage renal disease. In subjects with mild to moderate renal impairment (creatinine clearance 30 to 80 mL/min), exenatide exposure was similar to that of subjects with normal renal function. However, in subjects with end-stage renal disease receiving dialysis, mean exenatide exposure increased by 3.37-fold compared to that of subjects with normal renal function. [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6)].. Hepatic ImpairmentNo pharmacokinetic study has been performed in patients with diagnosis of acute or chronic hepatic impairment [see Use in Specific Populations (8.7)]. AgePopulation pharmacokinetic analysis of patients ranging from 22 to 73 years of age suggests that age does not influence the pharmacokinetic properties of exenatide [see Use in Specific Population (8.5)].. GenderPopulation pharmacokinetic analysis of male and female patients suggests that gender does not influence the distribution and elimination of exenatide.. RacePopulation pharmacokinetic analysis of samples from Caucasian, Hispanic, Asian, and Black patients suggests that race has no significant influence on the pharmacokinetics of exenatide.. Body Mass IndexPopulation pharmacokinetic analysis of patients with body mass indices (BMI) >=30 kg/m2 and <30 kg/m2 suggests that BMI has no significant effect on the pharmacokinetics of exenatide.

CLINICAL STUDIES SECTION.


14CLINICAL STUDIES. BYETTA has been studied as monotherapy and in combination with metformin, sulfonylurea, thiazolidinedione, combination of metformin and sulfonylurea, combination of metformin and thiazolidinedione, or in combination with insulin glargine with or without metformin and/or thiazolidinedione.. 14.1Monotherapy. In randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 24 weeks duration, BYETTA mcg BID (n 77), BYETTA 10 mcg BID (n 78), or placebo BID (n 77) was used as monotherapy in patients with entry HbA1c ranging from 6.5-10%. All patients assigned to BYETTA initially received mcg BID for weeks. After weeks, those patients either continued to receive BYETTA mcg BID or had their dose increased to 10 mcg BID. Patients assigned to placebo received placebo BID throughout the trial. BYETTA or placebo was injected subcutaneously before the morning and evening meals. The majority of patients (68%) were Caucasian, 26% were West Asian, 3% were Hispanic, 3% were Black, and 0.4% were East Asian.The primary endpoint was the change in HbA1c from baseline to Week 24 (or the last value at time of early discontinuation). Compared to placebo, BYETTA mcg BID and 10 mcg BID resulted in statistically significant reductions in HbA1c from baseline at Week 24 (Table 6).Table 6: Results of 24-Week Placebo-Controlled Trial of BYETTA Used as MonotherapyPlaceboBIDBYETTA5 mcgBIDBYETTA10 mcgBYETTA mcg twice daily (BID) for month followed by 10 mcg BID for months before the morning and evening meals. BIDBID twice daily.Intent-to-Treat Population (N) 777778HbA1c (%), Mean Baseline 7.87.97.8 Change at Week 24Least squares means are adjusted for screening HbA1c strata and baseline value of the dependent variable. -0.2-0.7-0.9 Difference from placebo(95% CI) -0.5 [-0.9, -0.2]p <0.01, treatment vs. placebo. -0.7 [-1.0, -0.3] Proportion Achieving HbA1c <7%38%48%53%Body Weight (kg), Mean Baseline 86.185.186.2 Change at Week 24 -1.5-2.7-2.9 Difference from placebo(95% CI) -1.3 [-2.3, -0.2]-1.5 [-2.5, -0.4]Fasting Serum GlucoseMeasured using the hexokinase-based glucose method. (mg/dL), Mean Baseline 159166155 Change at Week 24 -5-17-19 Difference from placebo (95% CI) -12 [-23.2, -1.3]-14 [-24.5, -2.5]On average, there were no adverse effects of exenatide on blood pressure or lipids.. 14.2Combination Therapy With Oral Antihyperglycemic Medicines. Three 30-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials were conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of BYETTA in patients with type diabetes whose glycemic control was inadequate with metformin alone, sulfonylurea alone, or metformin in combination with sulfonylurea. In addition, 16-week, placebo-controlled trial was conducted where BYETTA was added to existing thiazolidinedione (pioglitazone or rosiglitazone) treatment, with or without metformin, in patients with type diabetes with inadequate glycemic control.In the 30-week trials, after 4-week placebo lead-in period, patients were randomly assigned to receive BYETTA mcg BID, BYETTA 10 mcg BID, or placebo BID before the morning and evening meals, in addition to their existing oral antidiabetic agent. All patients assigned to BYETTA initially received mcg BID for weeks. After weeks, those patients either continued to receive BYETTA mcg BID or had their dose increased to 10 mcg BID. Patients assigned to placebo received placebo BID throughout the study. total of 1446 patients were randomized in the three 30-week trials: 991 (69%) were Caucasian, 224 (16%) were Hispanic, and 174 (12%) were Black. Mean HbA1c values at baseline for the trials ranged from 8.2% to 8.7%.In the placebo-controlled trial of 16 weeks duration, BYETTA (n 121) or placebo (n 112) was added to existing thiazolidinedione (pioglitazone or rosiglitazone) treatment, with or without metformin. Randomization to BYETTA or placebo was stratified based on whether the patients were receiving metformin. BYETTA treatment was initiated at dose of mcg BID for weeks then increased to 10 mcg BID for 12 more weeks. Patients assigned to placebo received placebo BID throughout the study. BYETTA or placebo was injected subcutaneously before the morning and evening meals. In this trial, 79% of patients were taking thiazolidinedione and metformin and 21% were taking thiazolidinedione alone. The majority of patients (84%) were Caucasian, 8% were Hispanic and 3% were Black. The mean baseline HbA1c values were 7.9% for BYETTA and placebo.The primary endpoint in each study was the mean change in HbA1c from baseline to study end (or early discontinuation). Table summarizes the study results for the 30-week and 16-week clinical trials.Table 7: Results of 30-Week and 16-Week Placebo-Controlled Trials of BYETTA Used in Combination with Oral Antidiabetic AgentsPlacebo BID BYETTA mcg BIDBYETTA 10 mcg BIDIn Combination With Metformin (30 Weeks)BID twice daily.Intent-to-Treat Population (N)113110113HbA1c (%), Mean Baseline 8.28.38.2 Change at Week 30Least squares means are adjusted for baseline HbA1c strata or value, investigator site, baseline value of the dependent variable (if applicable), and background antihyperglycemic therapy (if applicable). -0.0-0.5-0.9 Difference from placebo (95% CI) -0.5 [-0.7, -0.2]p <0.01, treatment vs. placebo. -0.9 [-1.1, -0.6] Proportion Achieving HbA1c <7% 12%32%40%Body Weight (kg), Mean Baseline 99.9100.0100.9 Change at Week 30 -0.2-1.3-2.6 Difference from placebo (95% CI) -1.1 [-2.2, -0.0]-2.4 [-3.5, -1.3]Fasting Plasma GlucoseMeasured using the hexokinase-based glucose method. (mg/dL), Mean Baseline 169176168 Change at Week 30 +14-5-10 Difference from placebo (95% CI) -20 [-32, -7]-24 [-37, -12] In Combination With Sulfonylurea (30 Weeks)Intent-to-Treat Population (N)123125129HbA1c (%), Mean Baseline 8.78.58.6 Change at Week 30 +0.1-0.5-0.9 Difference from placebo (95% CI) -0.6 [-0.9, -0.3] -1.0 [-1.3, -0.7] Proportion Achieving HbA1c <7%10%25%36%Body Weight (kg), Mean Baseline 99.194.995.2 Change at Week 30 -0.8-1.1-1.6 Difference from placebo (95% CI) -0.3 [-1.1, 0.6]-0.9 [-1.7, -0.0]Fasting Plasma Glucose (mg/dL), Mean Baseline 194180178 Change at Week 30 +6-5-11 Difference from placebo (95% CI) -11 [-25, 3]-17 [-30, -3]In Combination With Metformin and Sulfonylurea (30 Weeks)Intent-to-Treat Population (N)247245241HbA1c (%), Mean Baseline 8.58.58.5 Change at Week 30 +0.1-0.7-0.9 Difference from placebo (95% CI) -0.8 [-1.0, -0.6] -1.0 [-1.2, -0.8] Proportion Achieving HbA1c <7%8%25%31%Body Weight (kg), Mean Baseline 99.196.998.4 Change at Week 30 -0.9-1.6-1.6 Difference from placebo (95% CI) -0.7 [-1.2, -0.2]-0.7 [-1.3, -0.2]Fasting Plasma Glucose (mg/dL), Mean Baseline 181182178 Change at Week 30 +13-11-12 Difference from placebo (95% CI) -24 [-33, -15]-25 [-34, -16] In Combination With Thiazolidinedione or Thiazolidinedione plus Metformin (16 Weeks)Intent-to-Treat Population (N)112Dose not studied121HbA1c (%), Mean Baseline 7.9Dose not studied7.9 Change at Week 16 +0.1Dose not studied-0.7 Difference from placebo (95% CI) Dose not studied-0.9 [-1.1, -0.7] Proportion Achieving HbA1c <7%15%Dose not studied51%Body Weight (kg), Mean Baseline 96.8Dose not studied97.5 Change at Week 16 -0.0Dose not studied-1.5 Difference from placebo (95% CI) Dose not studied-1.5 [-2.2, -0.7]Fasting Serum Glucose (mg/dL), Mean Baseline 159Dose not studied164 Change at Week 16 +4Dose not studied-21 Difference from placebo (95% CI) Dose not studied-25 [-33, -16]. HbA1c The addition of BYETTA to regimen of metformin, sulfonylurea, or both, resulted in statistically significant reductions from baseline in HbA1c compared with patients receiving placebo added to these agents in the three controlled trials (Table 7).In the 16-week trial of BYETTA add-on to thiazolidinediones, with or without metformin, BYETTA resulted in statistically significant reductions from baseline in HbA1c compared with patients receiving placebo (Table 7).. Postprandial GlucosePostprandial glucose was measured after mixed meal tolerance test in 9.5% of patients participating in the 30-week add-on to metformin, add-on to sulfonylurea, and add-on to metformin in combination with sulfonylurea clinical trials. In this pooled subset of patients, BYETTA reduced postprandial plasma glucose concentrations in dose-dependent manner. The mean (SD) change in 2-h postprandial glucose concentration following administration of BYETTA at Week 30 relative to baseline was -63 (65) mg/dL for mcg BID (n 42), -71 (73) mg/dL for 10 mcg BID (n 52), and +11 (69) mg/dL for placebo BID (n 44).. 14.3 Combination with Insulin Glargine. 30-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of BYETTA (n 137) versus placebo (n 122) when added to titrated insulin glargine, with or without metformin and/or thiazolidinedione, in patients with type diabetes with inadequate glycemic control.All patients assigned to BYETTA initially received mcg BID for weeks. After weeks, those patients assigned to BYETTA had their dose increased to 10 mcg BID. Patients assigned to placebo received placebo BID throughout the trial. BYETTA or placebo was injected subcutaneously before the morning and evening meals. Patients with an HbA1c <=8.0% decreased their prestudy dose of insulin glargine by 20% and patients with an HbA1c >=8.1% maintained their current dose of insulin glargine. Five weeks after initiating randomized treatment, insulin doses were titrated with guidance from the investigator toward predefined fasting glucose targets according to the dose titration algorithm provided in Table 9. The majority of patients (78%) were Caucasian, 10% were American Indian or Alaska Native, 9% were Black, 3% were Asian, and 0.8% were of multiple origins.The primary endpoint was the change in HbA1c from baseline to Week 30. Compared to placebo, BYETTA 10 mcg BID resulted in statistically significant reductions in HbA1c from baseline at Week 30 (Table 8) in patients receiving titrated insulin glargine.Table 8: 30-Week Placebo-Controlled Trial of BYETTA Used in Combination with Insulin Glargine With or Without Metformin and/or ThiazolidinedionesPlacebo BID Titrated Insulin GlargineBYETTA10 mcgBYETTA mcg twice daily for month followed by 10 mcg BID for months for the 30-week trial. BID Titrated Insulin GlargineBID twice daily.Intent-to-Treat Population (N)122137HbA1c (%), Mean Baseline8.58.3 Change at Week 30Least squares means are based on mixed model adjusting for treatment, pooled investigator, visit, baseline HbA1c value, and treatment by visit, where subject is treated as random effect. -1.0-1.7 Difference from placebo (95% CI)-0.7 [-1.0, -0.5]p <0.01, treatment vs. placebo. Proportion Achieving HbA1c <7%30%57%Body Weight (kg), Mean Baseline93.895.4 Change at Week 30Least squares means are based on mixed model adjusting for treatment, pooled investigator, visit, baseline HbA1c stratum, baseline value of the dependent variable (where applicable), and treatment by visit, where subject is treated as random effect. 1.0-1.8 Difference from placebo (95% CI)-2.7 [-3.7, -1.7] Fasting Serum Glucose (mg/dL), Mean Baseline133132 Change at Week 30 -16-23 Difference from placebo (95% CI)-7 [-18, 3]Table 9: Dosing Algorithm for Titration of Insulin GlargineAdapted from Riddle et al. 2003. Fasting Plasma Glucose Values(mg/dL)Dose Change(U) Abbreviations: = units.<56Value for at least fasting plasma glucose measurement since the last assessment. -456 to 72 -273 to 99Based on the average of fasting plasma glucose measurements taken over the prior to days. The increase in the total daily dose should not have exceeded more than 10 units per day or 10% of the current total daily dose, whichever was greater. 0100 to 119 +2120 to 139 +4140 to 179 +6>=180 +8.

CONTRAINDICATIONS SECTION.


4CONTRAINDICATIONS. History of severe hypersensitivity to exenatide or any product components (4.1).. History of severe hypersensitivity to exenatide or any product components (4.1).. 4.1Hypersensitivity. BYETTA is contraindicated in patients with prior severe hypersensitivity reactions to exenatide or to any of the product components.

DESCRIPTION SECTION.


11DESCRIPTION. BYETTA (exenatide) is synthetic peptide that was originally identified in the lizard Heloderma suspectum. Exenatide differs in chemical structure and pharmacological action from insulin, sulfonylureas (including D-phenylalanine derivatives and meglitinides), biguanides, thiazolidinediones, alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, amylinomimetics and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors.Exenatide is 39-amino acid peptide amide. Exenatide has the empirical formula C184H282N50O60S and molecular weight of 4186.6 Daltons. The amino acid sequence for exenatide is shown below.H-His-Gly-Glu-Gly-Thr-Phe-Thr-Ser-Asp-Leu-Ser-Lys-Gln-Met-Glu-Glu-Glu-Ala-Val-Arg-Leu-Phe-Ile-Glu-Trp-Leu-Lys-Asn-Gly-Gly-Pro-Ser-Ser-Gly-Ala-Pro-Pro-Pro-Ser-NH2 BYETTA is supplied for SC injection as sterile, preserved isotonic solution in glass cartridge that has been assembled in pen-injector (pen). Each milliliter (mL) contains 250 micrograms (mcg) synthetic exenatide, 2.2 mg metacresol as an antimicrobial preservative, mannitol as tonicity-adjusting agent, and glacial acetic acid and sodium acetate trihydrate in water for injection as buffering solution at pH 4.5. Two prefilled pens are available to deliver unit doses of mcg or 10 mcg. Each prefilled pen will deliver 60 doses to provide for 30 days of twice daily administration (BID).

DOSAGE & ADMINISTRATION SECTION.


2DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION. Inject subcutaneously within 60 minutes prior to morning and evening meals (or before the two main meals of the day, approximately hours or more apart) (2.1).Initiate at mcg per dose twice daily; increase to 10 mcg twice daily after month based on clinical response (2.1).. Inject subcutaneously within 60 minutes prior to morning and evening meals (or before the two main meals of the day, approximately hours or more apart) (2.1).. Initiate at mcg per dose twice daily; increase to 10 mcg twice daily after month based on clinical response (2.1).. 2.1Recommended Dosing. BYETTA should be initiated at mcg administered twice daily at any time within the 60-minute period before the morning and evening meals (or before the two main meals of the day, approximately hours or more apart). BYETTA should not be administered after meal. Based on clinical response, the dose of BYETTA can be increased to 10 mcg twice daily after month of therapy. Initiation with mcg reduces the incidence and severity of gastrointestinal side effects. Each dose should be administered as subcutaneous (SC) injection in the thigh, abdomen, or upper arm. Do not mix BYETTA with insulin. Do not transfer BYETTA from the pen to syringe or vial. No data are available on the safety or efficacy of intravenous or intramuscular injection of BYETTA. Use BYETTA only if it is clear, colorless and contains no particles.

DRUG INTERACTIONS SECTION.


7DRUG INTERACTIONS. May impact absorption of orally administered medications (7.1, 12.3)Warfarin: Postmarketing reports of increased INR sometimes associated with bleeding. Monitor INR frequently until stable upon initiation or alteration of BYETTA therapy (6.2, 7.2).. May impact absorption of orally administered medications (7.1, 12.3). Warfarin: Postmarketing reports of increased INR sometimes associated with bleeding. Monitor INR frequently until stable upon initiation or alteration of BYETTA therapy (6.2, 7.2).. 7.1Orally Administered Drugs. The effect of BYETTA to slow gastric emptying can reduce the extent and rate of absorption of orally administered drugs. BYETTA should be used with caution in patients receiving oral medications that have narrow therapeutic index or require rapid gastrointestinal absorption [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)]. For oral medications that are dependent on threshold concentrations for efficacy, such as contraceptives and antibiotics, patients should be advised to take those drugs at least hour before BYETTA injection. If such drugs are to be administered with food, patients should be advised to take them with meal or snack when BYETTA is not administered [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].. 7.2Warfarin. There are postmarketing reports of increased INR sometimes associated with bleeding, with concomitant use of warfarin and BYETTA [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)]. In drug interaction study, BYETTA did not have significant effect on INR [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. In patients taking warfarin, prothrombin time should be monitored more frequently after initiation or alteration of BYETTA therapy. Once stable prothrombin time has been documented, prothrombin times can be monitored at the intervals usually recommended for patients on warfarin.

GERIATRIC USE SECTION.


8.5Geriatric Use. Population pharmacokinetic analysis of patients ranging from 22 to 73 years of age suggests that age does not influence the pharmacokinetic properties of exenatide [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. BYETTA was studied in 282 patients 65 years of age or older and in 16 patients 75 years of age or older. No differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these patients and younger patients. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, care should be taken in dose selection in the elderly based on renal function.

HOW SUPPLIED SECTION.


16HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING. 16.1How Supplied. BYETTA is supplied as sterile solution for subcutaneous injection containing 250 mcg/mL exenatide.The following packages are available:5 mcg per dose, 60 doses, 1.2 mL prefilled pen, NDC 54868-5384-010 mcg per dose, 60 doses, 2.4 mL prefilled pen, NDC 54868-5384-1. 16.2Storage and Handling. Prior to first use, BYETTA must be stored refrigerated at 36oF to 46oF (2oC to 8oC).After first use, BYETTA can be kept at temperature not to exceed 77oF (25oC).Do not freeze. Do not use BYETTA if it has been frozen.BYETTA should be protected from light.The pen should be discarded 30 days after first use, even if some drug remains in the pen.Use puncture-resistant container to discard the needles. Do not reuse or share needles.BYETTA should not be used past the expiration date.BYETTA pens are not to be shared with other patients.. Prior to first use, BYETTA must be stored refrigerated at 36oF to 46oF (2oC to 8oC).. After first use, BYETTA can be kept at temperature not to exceed 77oF (25oC).. Do not freeze. Do not use BYETTA if it has been frozen.. BYETTA should be protected from light.. The pen should be discarded 30 days after first use, even if some drug remains in the pen.. Use puncture-resistant container to discard the needles. Do not reuse or share needles.. BYETTA should not be used past the expiration date.. BYETTA pens are not to be shared with other patients.

INDICATIONS & USAGE SECTION.


1INDICATIONS AND USAGE. BYETTA is glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type diabetes mellitus.Important Limitations of Use Not substitute for insulin. BYETTA should not be used for the treatment of type diabetes or diabetic ketoacidosis (1.2).Concurrent use with prandial insulin has not been studied and cannot be recommended (1.2).Has not been studied in patients with history of pancreatitis. Consider other antidiabetic therapies in patients with history of pancreatitis (1.2).. Not substitute for insulin. BYETTA should not be used for the treatment of type diabetes or diabetic ketoacidosis (1.2).. Concurrent use with prandial insulin has not been studied and cannot be recommended (1.2).. Has not been studied in patients with history of pancreatitis. Consider other antidiabetic therapies in patients with history of pancreatitis (1.2).. 1.1Type Diabetes Mellitus. BYETTA is indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type diabetes mellitus.. 1.2Important Limitations of Use. BYETTA is not substitute for insulin. BYETTA should not be used for the treatment of type diabetes or diabetic ketoacidosis, as it would not be effective in these settings.The concurrent use of BYETTA with prandial insulin has not been studied and cannot be recommended.Based on postmarketing data BYETTA has been associated with acute pancreatitis, including fatal and non-fatal hemorrhagic or necrotizing pancreatitis. BYETTA has not been studied in patients with history of pancreatitis. It is unknown whether patients with history of pancreatitis are at increased risk for pancreatitis while using BYETTA. Other antidiabetic therapies should be considered in patients with history of pancreatitis.

INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS SECTION.


17PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION. Patients should be advised that BYETTA pens are never to be shared with another patient.Patients should be informed of the potential risks and benefits of BYETTA and of alternative modes of therapy. Patients should also be fully informed about self-management practices, including the importance of proper storage of BYETTA, injection technique, timing of dosage of BYETTA and concomitant oral drugs, adherence to meal planning, regular physical activity, periodic blood glucose monitoring and HbA1c testing, recognition and management of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia, and assessment for diabetes complications.. 17.1Risk of Pancreatitis. Patients should be informed that persistent severe abdominal pain that may radiate to the back and which may or may not be accompanied by vomiting, is the hallmark symptom of acute pancreatitis. Patients should be instructed to promptly discontinue BYETTA and contact their physician if persistent severe abdominal pain occurs [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].. 17.2Risk of Hypoglycemia. The risk of hypoglycemia is increased when BYETTA is used in combination with sulfonylurea. Therefore, patients receiving BYETTA and sulfonylurea may require lower dose of the sulfonylurea to reduce the risk of hypoglycemia. Patients should be informed that it is also possible that the use of BYETTA with other glucose-independent insulin secretagogues (e.g., meglitinides) could increase the risk of hypoglycemia.When BYETTA is used in combination with insulin, evaluate the dose of insulin. Consider reducing the dose of insulin in patients at increased risk of hypoglycemia [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. Patients treated with BYETTA should be informed that the concurrent use of BYETTA with prandial insulin has not been studied and cannot be recommended.The symptoms, treatment, and conditions that predispose to development of hypoglycemia should be explained to the patient. The patients usual instructions for hypoglycemia management should be reviewed and reinforced when initiating BYETTA therapy, particularly when concomitantly administered with sulfonylurea or insulin [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].. 17.3Risk of Renal Impairment Patients treated with BYETTA should be informed of the potential risk for worsening renal function and informed about associated signs and symptoms of renal dysfunction, as well as the possibility of dialysis as medical intervention if renal failure occurs [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].. 17.4Risk of Hypersensitivity Reactions. Patients should be informed that serious hypersensitivity reactions have been reported during postmarketing use of BYETTA. If symptoms of hypersensitivity reactions occur, patients must stop taking BYETTA and seek medical advice promptly [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)].. 17.5Use in Pregnancy. Patients should be advised to inform their physicians if they are pregnant or intend to become pregnant.. 17.6Instructions. Each dose of BYETTA should be administered as SC injection in the thigh, abdomen, or upper arm at any time within the 60-minute period before the morning and evening meals (or before the two main meals of the day, approximately hours or more apart). BYETTA should not be administered after meal. If dose is missed, the treatment regimen should be resumed as prescribed with the next scheduled dose.Patients should be advised that treatment with BYETTA may result in reduction in appetite, food intake, and/or body weight, and that there is no need to modify the dosing regimen due to such effects. Treatment with BYETTA may also result in nausea, particularly upon initiation of therapy [see Adverse Reactions (6)].The patient should read the Medication Guide and the Pen User Manual before starting BYETTA therapy and review them each time the prescription is refilled. The patient should be instructed on proper use and storage of the pen, emphasizing how and when to set up new pen and noting that only one setup step is necessary at initial use. The patient should be advised not to share the pen and needles.Patients should be informed that pen needles are not included with the pen and must be purchased separately. Patients should be advised which needle length and gauge should be used.

INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE SECTION.


5 mcg PEN USER MANUALSection Read this section completely before you begin. Then, move on to Section 2-Getting Started.WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT YOUR BYETTA PENByetta(R) exenatide injection 250 mcg/mL, 1.2 mL mcgPEN USER MANUALPEN USER MANUALRead these instructions carefully BEFORE using your BYETTA Pen. For complete dosing and safety information, also read the BYETTA Medication Guide that comes with the BYETTA Pen carton. It is important that you use your pen correctly. Failure to follow these instructions completely may result in wrong dose, broken pen or an infection. These instructions do not take the place of talking with your healthcare provider about your medical condition or your treatment. If you are having problems using your BYETTA Pen, call toll free 800-868-1190. IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT YOUR BYETTA PENEach BYETTA Pen contains enough medicine for injection two times each day for 30 days. You do not have to measure any doses, the pen measures each dose for you.Do not transfer the medicine in the BYETTA Pen to syringe or vial.Do not mix BYETTA and insulin in the same syringe or vial even if you take them at the same time.If any part of your pen appears broken or damaged, do not use the pen.This BYETTA Pen is not recommended for use by people who are blind or have vision problems without the help of person trained in the proper use of the pen.Follow the injection method explained to you by your healthcare provider. Follow Section only to set up new pen before first use.Section of this manual should be used for every injection.ABOUT PEN NEEDLESWhat kinds of needles can be used with my BYETTA Pen Pen needles are not included with your pen. You may need prescription to get them from your pharmacist.Use 29 (thin), 30, or 31 (thinner) gauge disposable pen needles with your BYETTA Pen. Ask your healthcare provider which needle gauge and length is best for you.Do use new needle for each injectionYes. Do not reuse needles.Remove the needle from the pen immediately after you complete each injection. This will help prevent leakage of BYETTA, keep out air bubbles, reduce needle clogs, and decrease the risk of infection.Do not push the injection button on your pen unless needle is attached to the pen.How do throw away my needlesDo not throw away the pen with needle attached.Place used needles in closeable, puncture-resistant container. You may use sharps container (such as red biohazard container), hard plastic container (such as detergent bottle), or metal container (such as an empty coffee can). Ask your healthcare provider for instructions on the right way to throw away (dispose of) your used pens and the container. There may be state and local laws about how you should throw away used pens and needles.Do not throw the disposal container in the household trash. Do not recycle.Always keep the puncture-proof container out of reach of children.Never share your BYETTA pen or needles with another person. You may give an infection to them, or get an infection from them, and BYETTA may harm them.STORING YOUR BYETTA PENHow do store my BYETTA PenPrior to first use, store your unused BYETTA Pen in the original carton in refrigerator at 36F to 46F (2C to 8C).After first use, your BYETTA Pen can be kept at temperature not to exceed 77F (25C).Do not freeze. Do not use BYETTA if it has been frozen. BYETTA should be protected from light.When carrying the pen away from home, store the pen at temperature between 36F to 77F (2C to 25C) and keep dry.Do not store the pen with the needle attached. If the needle is left on the pen, BYETTA may leak from the pen and air bubbles may form in the cartridge.Keep your pen and needles out of the reach of children.How long can use BYETTA PenYou can use your BYETTA Pen for up to 30 days after setting up new pen for first use. After 30 days, throw away the BYETTA Pen, even if it is not completely empty. Mark the date when you first used your pen and the date 30 days later in the spaces below:Date of First Use Date to Throw Away Pen BYETTA should not be used after the expiration date printed on the pen label.How do clean my BYETTA PenWipe the outside of the pen with clean, damp cloth.White particles may appear on the outside tip of the cartridge during normal use. You may remove them with an alcohol wipe or alcohol swab.See the complete BYETTA Medication Guide that comes with BYETTA. For more information,call toll free 800-868-1190 or visit www.BYETTA.comSection Read and follow the directions in this section only after youve read Section 1--What You Need To Know About Your BYETTA Pen.GETTING STARTEDSet up your new pen just before you use it the first time. For routine use, do not repeat this one-time-only new pen setup. If you do, you will run out of BYETTA before 30 days of use.ONE-TIME-ONLY NEW PEN SETUP STEP Check the PenNote: small air bubble in the cartridge is normal.Wash hands prior to use.Check pen label to make sure it is your mcg pen.Pull off the blue pen cap.Check BYETTA in the cartridge. The liquid should be clear, colorless, and free of particles. If not, do not use. STEP Attach the NeedleRemove paper tab from outer needle shield.Push outer needle shield containing the needle straight onto the pen, then screw needle on until secure.Pull off outer needle shield. Do not throw away.Pull off inner needle shield and throw away. small drop of liquid may appear. This is normal. STEP Dial the DoseCheck that the is in the dose window. If not, turn dose knob away from you (clockwise) until it stops and the is in the dose window.Pull dose knob out until it stops and the is in the dose window.Turn dose knob away from you until it stops at Make sure that the with the line under it is in the center of the dose window.Note: If you cannot turn the dose knob away from you to the see Commonly Asked Questions, number 7, in Section of this user manual. STEP Prepare the PenPoint the needle of the pen up and away from you. PUSH HOLD Use thumb to firmly push injection button in until it stops, then continue holding the injection button in while slowly counting to 5. If you do not see stream or several drops come from the needle tip, repeat Steps & D. Pen preparation is complete when the is in the center of the dose window AND you have seen stream or several drops come from the needle tip.Note: If you do not see liquid after times, see Commonly Asked Questions, number 3, in Section of this user manual. STEP Complete New Pen SetupTurn dose knob away from you until it stops and the is in the dose window.For routine use, do not repeat this one-time-only new pen setup. If you do, you will run out of BYETTA before 30 days of use.You are now ready for your first dose of BYETTA.Go to Section 3, Step 3, for instructions on how to inject your first routine dose.Note: If you cannot turn the dose knob, see Commonly Asked Questions, number 7, in Section of user manual.Section 3Now that you have done the one-time-only new pen setup, follow Section for all of your injections. ROUTINE USE STEP Check the PenWash hands prior to use.Check pen label to make sure it is your mcg pen.Pull off the blue pen cap.Check BYETTA in the cartridge.The liquid should be clear, colorless, and free of particles. If it is not, do not use.Note: small air bubble will not harm you or affect your dose. STEP Attach the NeedleRemove paper tab from outer needle shield.Push outer needle shield containing the needle straight onto pen, then screw needle on until secure.Pull off outer needle shield. Do not throw away.Pull off inner needle shield and throw away. small drop of liquid may appear. This is normal. STEP Dial the DoseCheck that the is in the dose window. If not, turn dose knob away from you (clockwise) until it stops and the is in the dose window.Pull dose knob out until it stops and the is in the dose window.Turn dose knob away from you until it stops at Make sure that the with the line under it is in the center of the dose window.Note: If you cannot turn the dose knob away from you to the see Commonly Asked Questions, number 7, in Section of this user manual. STEP Inject the DoseGrip pen firmly.Insert needle into skin using the under-the-skin (subcutaneous) injection method explained by your healthcare provider. PUSH HOLD Use thumb to firmly push injection button in until it stops. Continue holding in the injection button while slowly counting to to get full dose.Remove needle from skin. Injection is complete when the is in the center of the dose window.The pen is now ready to reset.Note: If you see several drops of BYETTA leaking from the needle after the injection, you may not have received complete dose. See Commonly Asked Questions, number 4, in Section of this user manual. STEP Reset the PenTurn dose knob away from you until it stops and the is in the dose window.Note: If you cannot turn the dose knob, or if your pen leaks, your full dose has not been delivered. See Commonly Asked Questions, numbers and , in Section of this user manual. STEP Remove and Dispose of the NeedleCarefully put the outer needle shield back over the needle.Remove the needle after each injection. Unscrew the needle.Throw away needles in puncture-resistant container or as recommended by your healthcare provider. STEP Store Pen for Next DoseReplace Blue Pen Cap on pen before storage.Store your BYETTA Pen at temperature between 36F to 77F (2C to 25C). (See Storing Your BYETTA Pen in Section of this user manual for complete storage information.)When it is time for your next routine dose, go to Section 3, Step 1, and repeat Steps 1-7.Section 4COMMONLY ASKED QUESTIONS1. Do need to do the One-Time-Only New Pen Setup before every doseNo. The One-Time-Only New Pen Setup is done only once, just before each new pen is used for the first time. The purpose of the setup is to make sure that your BYETTA Pen is ready to use for the next 30 days.If you repeat the One-Time-Only New Pen Setup before each routine dose, you will not have enough BYETTA for 30 days. The small amount of BYETTA used in the new pen setup will not affect the 30-day supply of BYETTA.2. Why are there air bubbles in the cartridgeA small air bubble is normal. It will not harm you or affect your dose.If the pen is stored with needle attached, air bubbles may form in the cartridge. Do not store the pen with the needle attached.3. What should do if BYETTA does not come out of the needle tip after four tries during One-Time-Only New Pen SetupCarefully put the outer needle shield back over the needle. Remove the needle by unscrewing it. Throw away the needle properly.Attach new needle and repeat One-Time-Only New Pen Setup, Steps B-E, in Section of this user manual. Once you see several drops or stream of liquid coming out of the tip of the needle, the setup is complete.4. Why do see BYETTA leaking from my needle after have finished my injection It is normal for single drop to remain on the tip of your needle after your injection is complete. If you see more than one drop:You may not have received your full dose. Do not inject another dose. Talk with your healthcare provider about what to do about partial dose.To make sure that you get your full dose, when you take your injections, firmly push and hold the injection button in and slowly count to (see Section 3, Step 4: Inject the Dose).5. How can tell when the injection is completeThe injection is complete when:You have firmly pushed the injection button in all the way until it stops and You have slowly counted to while you are still holding the injection button in and the needle is still in your skin and The is in the center of the dose window.If you hear click sound from your BYETTA Pen, ignore it. You must follow all the steps listed above to make sure your injection is complete.6. Where should inject BYETTAInject BYETTA into your abdomen, thigh, or upper arm using the injection method explained to you by your healthcare provider.7. What if cannot pull, turn, or push the dose knob Check the symbol in the dose window. Follow the steps next to the matching symbol. If is in the dose window:Pull the dose knob out until appears. If is in the dose window and the dose knob will not turn: The cartridge in your BYETTA Pen may not have enough medicine to deliver full dose. small amount of BYETTA will always stay in the cartridge. If the cartridge contains small amount and the dose knob will not turn, your pen does not have enough BYETTA and will not deliver any more doses. Obtain new BYETTA Pen. If and part of are in the dose window and the dose knob cannot be pushed in:The dose knob was not turned all the way. Continue turning the dose knob away from you until is in the center of the dose window. If part of and part of are in the dose window and the dose knob cannot be pushed in:The needle may be clogged, bent, or incorrectly attached.Attach new needle. Make sure needle is on straight and screwed on all the way.Firmly push the injection button in all the way. BYETTA should come from needle tip. If is in the dose window and the dose knob will not turn: The injection button was not pushed in all the way and complete dose was not delivered. Talk with your healthcare provider about what to do about partial dose. Follow these steps to reset your pen for your next injection: -Firmly push the injection button in all the way until it stops. Keep holding the injection button in and slowly count to 5. Then release the injection button and turn the dose knob away from you until appears in the dose window.-If you cannot turn the dose knob, the needle may be clogged. Replace the needle and repeat the step above. For your next dose, be sure to firmly push and hold the injection button in and slowly count to before removing needle from skin.See the complete BYETTA Medication Guide that comes with BYETTA. For more information,call toll free 800-868-1190 or visit www.BYETTA.comByetta(R) exenatide injectionManufactured for Amylin Pharmaceuticals, Inc., San Diego, CA 92121. All rights reserved. BYETTA is registered trademark of Amylin Pharmaceuticals, Inc.(C) 2007, 2011 Amylin Pharmaceuticals, Inc.Literature revised December 2011825001-08PV 5017 UCP. Each BYETTA Pen contains enough medicine for injection two times each day for 30 days. You do not have to measure any doses, the pen measures each dose for you.. Do not transfer the medicine in the BYETTA Pen to syringe or vial.. Do not mix BYETTA and insulin in the same syringe or vial even if you take them at the same time.. If any part of your pen appears broken or damaged, do not use the pen.. This BYETTA Pen is not recommended for use by people who are blind or have vision problems without the help of person trained in the proper use of the pen.. Follow the injection method explained to you by your healthcare provider. Follow Section only to set up new pen before first use.. Section of this manual should be used for every injection.. Pen needles are not included with your pen. You may need prescription to get them from your pharmacist.. Use 29 (thin), 30, or 31 (thinner) gauge disposable pen needles with your BYETTA Pen. Ask your healthcare provider which needle gauge and length is best for you.. Yes. Do not reuse needles.. Remove the needle from the pen immediately after you complete each injection. This will help prevent leakage of BYETTA, keep out air bubbles, reduce needle clogs, and decrease the risk of infection.. Do not push the injection button on your pen unless needle is attached to the pen.. Do not throw away the pen with needle attached.. Place used needles in closeable, puncture-resistant container. You may use sharps container (such as red biohazard container), hard plastic container (such as detergent bottle), or metal container (such as an empty coffee can). Ask your healthcare provider for instructions on the right way to throw away (dispose of) your used pens and the container. There may be state and local laws about how you should throw away used pens and needles.. Do not throw the disposal container in the household trash. Do not recycle.. Always keep the puncture-proof container out of reach of children.. Prior to first use, store your unused BYETTA Pen in the original carton in refrigerator at 36F to 46F (2C to 8C).. After first use, your BYETTA Pen can be kept at temperature not to exceed 77F (25C).. Do not freeze. Do not use BYETTA if it has been frozen. BYETTA should be protected from light.. When carrying the pen away from home, store the pen at temperature between 36F to 77F (2C to 25C) and keep dry.. Do not store the pen with the needle attached. If the needle is left on the pen, BYETTA may leak from the pen and air bubbles may form in the cartridge.. You can use your BYETTA Pen for up to 30 days after setting up new pen for first use. After 30 days, throw away the BYETTA Pen, even if it is not completely empty. Mark the date when you first used your pen and the date 30 days later in the spaces below:. BYETTA should not be used after the expiration date printed on the pen label.. Wipe the outside of the pen with clean, damp cloth.. White particles may appear on the outside tip of the cartridge during normal use. You may remove them with an alcohol wipe or alcohol swab.. Wash hands prior to use.. Check pen label to make sure it is your mcg pen.. Pull off the blue pen cap.. Check BYETTA in the cartridge. The liquid should be clear, colorless, and free of particles. If not, do not use.. Remove paper tab from outer needle shield.. Push outer needle shield containing the needle straight onto the pen, then screw needle on until secure.. Pull off outer needle shield. Do not throw away.. Pull off inner needle shield and throw away. small drop of liquid may appear. This is normal.. Check that the is in the dose window. If not, turn dose knob away from you (clockwise) until it stops and the is in the dose window.. Pull dose knob out until it stops and the is in the dose window.. Turn dose knob away from you until it stops at Make sure that the with the line under it is in the center of the dose window.. Point the needle of the pen up and away from you.. Use thumb to firmly push injection button in until it stops, then continue holding the injection button in while slowly counting to 5. If you do not see stream or several drops come from the needle tip, repeat Steps & D. Pen preparation is complete when the is in the center of the dose window AND you have seen stream or several drops come from the needle tip.. Turn dose knob away from you until it stops and the is in the dose window.. For routine use, do not repeat this one-time-only new pen setup. If you do, you will run out of BYETTA before 30 days of use.. You are now ready for your first dose of BYETTA.. Go to Section 3, Step 3, for instructions on how to inject your first routine dose.. Wash hands prior to use.. Check pen label to make sure it is your mcg pen.. Pull off the blue pen cap.. Check BYETTA in the cartridge.. The liquid should be clear, colorless, and free of particles. If it is not, do not use.. Remove paper tab from outer needle shield.. Push outer needle shield containing the needle straight onto pen, then screw needle on until secure.. Pull off outer needle shield. Do not throw away.. Pull off inner needle shield and throw away. small drop of liquid may appear. This is normal.. Check that the is in the dose window. If not, turn dose knob away from you (clockwise) until it stops and the is in the dose window.. Pull dose knob out until it stops and the is in the dose window.. Turn dose knob away from you until it stops at Make sure that the with the line under it is in the center of the dose window.. Grip pen firmly.. Insert needle into skin using the under-the-skin (subcutaneous) injection method explained by your healthcare provider.. Use thumb to firmly push injection button in until it stops. Continue holding in the injection button while slowly counting to to get full dose.. Remove needle from skin.. Injection is complete when the is in the center of the dose window.. The pen is now ready to reset.. Turn dose knob away from you until it stops and the is in the dose window.. Carefully put the outer needle shield back over the needle.. Remove the needle after each injection. Unscrew the needle.. Throw away needles in puncture-resistant container or as recommended by your healthcare provider.. Replace Blue Pen Cap on pen before storage.. Store your BYETTA Pen at temperature between 36F to 77F (2C to 25C). (See Storing Your BYETTA Pen in Section of this user manual for complete storage information.). When it is time for your next routine dose, go to Section 3, Step 1, and repeat Steps 1-7.. No. The One-Time-Only New Pen Setup is done only once, just before each new pen is used for the first time. The purpose of the setup is to make sure that your BYETTA Pen is ready to use for the next 30 days.. If you repeat the One-Time-Only New Pen Setup before each routine dose, you will not have enough BYETTA for 30 days. The small amount of BYETTA used in the new pen setup will not affect the 30-day supply of BYETTA.. small air bubble is normal. It will not harm you or affect your dose.. If the pen is stored with needle attached, air bubbles may form in the cartridge. Do not store the pen with the needle attached.. Carefully put the outer needle shield back over the needle. Remove the needle by unscrewing it. Throw away the needle properly.. Attach new needle and repeat One-Time-Only New Pen Setup, Steps B-E, in Section of this user manual. Once you see several drops or stream of liquid coming out of the tip of the needle, the setup is complete.. You may not have received your full dose. Do not inject another dose. Talk with your healthcare provider about what to do about partial dose.. To make sure that you get your full dose, when you take your injections, firmly push and hold the injection button in and slowly count to (see Section 3, Step 4: Inject the Dose).. You have firmly pushed the injection button in all the way until it stops and You have slowly counted to while you are still holding the injection button in and the needle is still in your skin and The is in the center of the dose window.. Check the symbol in the dose window. Follow the steps next to the matching symbol.. If is in the dose window:Pull the dose knob out until appears.. Pull the dose knob out until appears.. If is in the dose window and the dose knob will not turn: The cartridge in your BYETTA Pen may not have enough medicine to deliver full dose. small amount of BYETTA will always stay in the cartridge. If the cartridge contains small amount and the dose knob will not turn, your pen does not have enough BYETTA and will not deliver any more doses. Obtain new BYETTA Pen.. The cartridge in your BYETTA Pen may not have enough medicine to deliver full dose. small amount of BYETTA will always stay in the cartridge. If the cartridge contains small amount and the dose knob will not turn, your pen does not have enough BYETTA and will not deliver any more doses. Obtain new BYETTA Pen.. If and part of are in the dose window and the dose knob cannot be pushed in:The dose knob was not turned all the way. Continue turning the dose knob away from you until is in the center of the dose window.. The dose knob was not turned all the way. Continue turning the dose knob away from you until is in the center of the dose window.. If part of and part of are in the dose window and the dose knob cannot be pushed in:The needle may be clogged, bent, or incorrectly attached.Attach new needle. Make sure needle is on straight and screwed on all the way.Firmly push the injection button in all the way. BYETTA should come from needle tip.. The needle may be clogged, bent, or incorrectly attached.. Attach new needle. Make sure needle is on straight and screwed on all the way.. Firmly push the injection button in all the way. BYETTA should come from needle tip.. If is in the dose window and the dose knob will not turn: The injection button was not pushed in all the way and complete dose was not delivered. Talk with your healthcare provider about what to do about partial dose. Follow these steps to reset your pen for your next injection: -Firmly push the injection button in all the way until it stops. Keep holding the injection button in and slowly count to 5. Then release the injection button and turn the dose knob away from you until appears in the dose window.-If you cannot turn the dose knob, the needle may be clogged. Replace the needle and repeat the step above. For your next dose, be sure to firmly push and hold the injection button in and slowly count to before removing needle from skin.. The injection button was not pushed in all the way and complete dose was not delivered. Talk with your healthcare provider about what to do about partial dose. Follow these steps to reset your pen for your next injection: -Firmly push the injection button in all the way until it stops. Keep holding the injection button in and slowly count to 5. Then release the injection button and turn the dose knob away from you until appears in the dose window.-If you cannot turn the dose knob, the needle may be clogged. Replace the needle and repeat the step above. -Firmly push the injection button in all the way until it stops. Keep holding the injection button in and slowly count to 5. Then release the injection button and turn the dose knob away from you until appears in the dose window.. -If you cannot turn the dose knob, the needle may be clogged. Replace the needle and repeat the step above.. For your next dose, be sure to firmly push and hold the injection button in and slowly count to before removing needle from skin.. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure. Figure.

MECHANISM OF ACTION SECTION.


12.1Mechanism of Action. Incretins, such as glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), enhance glucose-dependent insulin secretion and exhibit other antihyperglycemic actions following their release into the circulation from the gut. BYETTA is GLP-1 receptor agonist that enhances glucose-dependent insulin secretion by the pancreatic beta-cell, suppresses inappropriately elevated glucagon secretion, and slows gastric emptying.The amino acid sequence of exenatide partially overlaps that of human GLP-1. Exenatide has been shown to bind and activate the human GLP-1 receptor in vitro. This leads to an increase in both glucose-dependent synthesis of insulin, and in vivo secretion of insulin from pancreatic beta cells, by mechanisms involving cyclic AMP and/or other intracellular signaling pathways.BYETTA improves glycemic control by reducing fasting and postprandial glucose concentrations in patients with type diabetes through the actions described below.

NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY SECTION.


13NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY. 13.1Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility. 104-week carcinogenicity study was conducted in male and female rats at doses of 18, 70, or 250 mcg/kg/day administered by bolus SC injection. Benign thyroid C-cell adenomas were observed in female rats at all exenatide doses. The incidences in female rats were 8% and 5% in the two control groups and 14%, 11%, and 23% in the low-, medium-, and high-dose groups with systemic exposures of 5, 22, and 130 times, respectively, the human exposure resulting from the maximum recommended dose of 20 mcg/day, based on plasma area under the curve (AUC).In 104-week carcinogenicity study in mice at doses of 18, 70, or 250 mcg/kg/day administered by bolus SC injection, no evidence of tumors was observed at doses up to 250 mcg/kg/day, systemic exposure up to 95 times the human exposure resulting from the maximum recommended dose of 20 mcg/day, based on AUC.Exenatide was not mutagenic or clastogenic, with or without metabolic activation, in the Ames bacterial mutagenicity assay or chromosomal aberration assay in Chinese hamster ovary cells. Exenatide was negative in the in vivo mouse micronucleus assay.In mouse fertility studies with SC doses of 6, 68 or 760 mcg/kg/day, males were treated for weeks prior to and throughout mating, and females were treated weeks prior to mating and throughout mating until gestation day 7. No adverse effect on fertility was observed at 760 mcg/kg/day, systemic exposure 390 times the human exposure resulting from the maximum recommended dose of 20 mcg/day, based on AUC.. 13.3Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology. In female mice given SC doses of 6, 68, or 760 mcg/kg/day beginning weeks prior to and throughout mating until gestation day 7, there were no adverse fetal effects at doses up to 760 mcg/kg/day, systemic exposures up to 390 times the human exposure resulting from the maximum recommended dose of 20 mcg/day, based on AUC.In pregnant mice given SC doses of 6, 68, 460, or 760 mcg/kg/day from gestation day through 15 (organogenesis), cleft palate (some with holes) and irregular fetal skeletal ossification of rib and skull bones were observed at mcg/kg/day, systemic exposure times the human exposure resulting from the maximum recommended dose of 20 mcg/day, based on AUC.In pregnant rabbits given SC doses of 0.2, 2, 22, 156, or 260 mcg/kg/day from gestation day through 18 (organogenesis), irregular fetal skeletal ossifications were observed at mcg/kg/day, systemic exposure 12 times the human exposure resulting from the maximum recommended dose of 20 mcg/day, based on AUC.In pregnant mice given SC doses of 6, 68, or 760 mcg/kg/day from gestation day through lactation day 20 (weaning), an increased number of neonatal deaths was observed on postpartum days 2-4 in dams given mcg/kg/day, systemic exposure times the human exposure resulting from the maximum recommended dose of 20 mcg/day, based on AUC.

NURSING MOTHERS SECTION.


8.3Nursing Mothers It is not known whether exenatide is excreted in human milk. However, exenatide is present at low concentrations (less than or equal to 2.5% of the concentration in maternal plasma following subcutaneous dosing) in the milk of lactating mice. Many drugs are excreted in human milk and because of the potential for clinically significant adverse reactions in nursing infants from exenatide, decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or discontinue the drug, taking into account these potential risks against the glycemic benefits to the lactating woman. Caution should be exercised when BYETTA is administered to nursing woman.

OVERDOSAGE SECTION.


10OVERDOSAGE. In clinical study of BYETTA, three patients with type diabetes each experienced single overdose of 100 mcg SC (10 times the maximum recommended dose). Effects of the overdoses included severe nausea, severe vomiting, and rapidly declining blood glucose concentrations. One of the three patients experienced severe hypoglycemia requiring parenteral glucose administration. The three patients recovered without complication. In the event of overdose, appropriate supportive treatment should be initiated according to the patients clinical signs and symptoms.

PACKAGE LABEL.PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL.


PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL 5 mcg 5mcgNDC 54868-5384-0Byetta(R)exenatide injection250 mcg/mL, 1.2 mLDispense the enclosed Medication Guide to each patientEach prefilled pen will deliver 60 subcutaneous doses, mcg per doseRx OnlySUBCUTANEOUS USE ONLY REFRIGERATE DO NOT FREEZEDO NOT TRANSFER THIS MEDICATION TO SYRINGEPen needles not includedAsk your healthcare provider which pen needle length and gauge is best for youUse 29 (thin), 30, or 31 (thinner) gauge disposable pen needles. PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL 5 mcg package label.

PEDIATRIC USE SECTION.


8.4Pediatric Use. Safety and effectiveness of BYETTA have not been established in pediatric patients.

PHARMACODYNAMICS SECTION.


12.2Pharmacodynamics. Glucose-dependent insulin secretion: BYETTA has acute effects on pancreatic beta-cell responsiveness to glucose leading to insulin release predominantly in the presence of elevated glucose concentrations. This insulin secretion subsides as blood glucose concentrations decrease and approach euglycemia. However, BYETTA does not impair the normal glucagon response to hypoglycemia.First-phase insulin response: In healthy individuals, robust insulin secretion occurs during the first 10 minutes following intravenous (IV) glucose administration. This secretion, known as the first-phase insulin response, is characteristically absent in patients with type diabetes. The loss of the first-phase insulin response is an early beta-cell defect in type diabetes. Administration of BYETTA at therapeutic plasma concentrations restored first-phase insulin response to an IV bolus of glucose in patients with type diabetes (Figure 1). Both first-phase insulin secretion and second-phase insulin secretion were significantly increased in patients with type diabetes treated with BYETTA compared with saline (p <0.001 for both).Figure 1: Mean (+SEM) Insulin Secretion Rate During Infusion of BYETTA or Saline in Patients With Type Diabetes and During Infusion of Saline in Healthy SubjectsGlucagon secretion: In patients with type diabetes, BYETTA moderates glucagon secretion and lowers serum glucagon concentrations during periods of hyperglycemia. Lower glucagon concentrations lead to decreased hepatic glucose output and decreased insulin demand.Gastric emptying: BYETTA slows gastric emptying, thereby reducing the rate at which meal-derived glucose appears in the circulation.Food intake: In both animals and humans, administration of exenatide has been shown to reduce food intake.. Figure 1. Postprandial GlucoseIn patients with type diabetes, BYETTA reduces postprandial plasma glucose concentrations (Figure 2).Figure 2: Mean (+SEM) Postprandial Plasma Glucose Concentrations on Day of BYETTAa Treatment in Patients With Type Diabetes Treated With Metformin, Sulfonylurea, or Both (N 54). Figure 2. Fasting GlucoseIn single-dose crossover study in patients with type diabetes and fasting hyperglycemia, immediate insulin release followed injection of BYETTA. Plasma glucose concentrations were significantly reduced with BYETTA compared with placebo (Figure 3).Figure 3: Mean (+SEM) Serum Insulin and Plasma Glucose Concentrations Following One-Time Injection of BYETTAa or Placebo in Fasting Patients With Type Diabetes (N 12). Figure 3. Cardiac ElectrophysiologyThe effect of exenatide 10 ug subcutaneously on QTc interval was evaluated in randomized, placebo-, and active-controlled (moxifloxacin 400 mg) crossover thorough QTc study in 62 healthy subjects. In this study with demonstrated ability to detect small effects, the upper bound of the 90% confidence interval for the largest placebo-adjusted, baseline-corrected QTc was below 10 ms. Thus, BYETTA (10 mcg single dose) was not associated with clinically meaningful prolongation of the QTc interval.

PHARMACOKINETICS SECTION.


12.3Pharmacokinetics. AbsorptionFollowing SC administration to patients with type diabetes, exenatide reaches median peak plasma concentrations in 2.1 h. The mean peak exenatide concentration (Cmax) was 211 pg/mL and overall mean area under the time-concentration curve (AUC0-inf) was 1036 pgh/mL following SC administration of 10-mcg dose of BYETTA. Exenatide exposure (AUC) increased proportionally over the therapeutic dose range of mcg to 10 mcg. The Cmax values increased less than proportionally over the same range. Similar exposure is achieved with SC administration of BYETTA in the abdomen, thigh, or upper arm.. DistributionThe mean apparent volume of distribution of exenatide following SC administration of single dose of BYETTA is 28.3 L.. Metabolism and EliminationNonclinical studies have shown that exenatide is predominantly eliminated by glomerular filtration with subsequent proteolytic degradation. The mean apparent clearance of exenatide in humans is 9.1 L/h and the mean terminal half-life is 2.4 h. These pharmacokinetic characteristics of exenatide are independent of the dose. In most individuals, exenatide concentrations are measurable for approximately 10 post-dose.. Drug Interactions. AcetaminophenWhen 1000 mg acetaminophen elixir was given with 10 mcg BYETTA (0 h) and hour, hours, and hours after BYETTA injection, acetaminophen AUCs were decreased by 21%, 23%, 24%, and 14%, respectively; Cmax was decreased by 37%, 56%, 54%, and 41%, respectively; Tmax was increased from 0.6 hour in the control period to 0.9 hour, 4.2 hours, 3.3 hours, and 1.6 hours, respectively. Acetaminophen AUC, Cmax and Tmax were not significantly changed when acetaminophen was given hour before BYETTA injection.. DigoxinAdministration of repeated doses of BYETTA (10 mcg BID) 30 minutes before oral digoxin (0.25 mg QD) decreased the Cmax of digoxin by 17% and delayed the Tmax of digoxin by approximately 2.5 hours; however, the overall steady-state pharmacokinetic exposure (e.g., AUC) of digoxin was not changed.. LovastatinAdministration of BYETTA (10 mcg BID) 30 minutes before single oral dose of lovastatin (40 mg) decreased the AUC and Cmax of lovastatin by approximately 40% and 28%, respectively, and delayed the Tmax by about hours compared with lovastatin administered alone. In the 30-week controlled clinical trials of BYETTA, the use of BYETTA in patients already receiving HMG CoA reductase inhibitors was not associated with consistent changes in lipid profiles compared to baseline.. LisinoprilIn patients with mild to moderate hypertension stabilized on lisinopril (5 to 20 mg/day), BYETTA (10 mcg BID) did not alter steady-state Cmax or AUC of lisinopril. Lisinopril steady-state Tmax was delayed by hours. There were no changes in 24-h mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure.. Oral ContraceptivesThe effect of BYETTA (10 mcg BID) on single and on multiple doses of combination oral contraceptive (30 mcg ethinyl estradiol plus 150 mcg levonorgestrel) was studied in healthy female subjects. Repeated daily doses of the oral contraceptive (OC) given 30 minutes after BYETTA administration decreased the Cmax of ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel by 45% and 27%, respectively and delayed the Tmax of ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel by 3.0 hours and 3.5 hours, respectively, as compared to the oral contraceptive administered alone. Administration of repeated daily doses of the OC one hour prior to BYETTA administration decreased the mean Cmax of ethinyl estradiol by 15% but the mean Cmax of levonorgestrel was not significantly changed as compared to when the OC was given alone. BYETTA did not alter the mean trough concentrations of levonorgestrel after repeated daily dosing of the oral contraceptive for both regimens. However, the mean trough concentration of ethinyl estradiol was increased by 20% when the OC was administered 30 minutes after BYETTA administration injection as compared to when the OC was given alone. The effect of BYETTA on OC pharmacokinetics is confounded by the possible food effect on OC in this study. Therefore, OC products should be administered at least one hour prior to BYETTA injection.. WarfarinAdministration of warfarin (25 mg) 35 minutes after repeated doses of BYETTA (5 mcg BID on days 1-2 and 10 mcg BID on days 3-9) in healthy volunteers delayed warfarin Tmax by approximately hours. No clinically relevant effects on Cmax or AUC of S- and R-enantiomers of warfarin were observed. BYETTA did not significantly alter the pharmacodynamic properties (e.g., international normalized ratio) of warfarin [see Drug Interactions (7.2)].. Specific Populations. Renal Impairment Pharmacokinetics of exenatide was studied in subjects with normal, mild, or moderate renal impairment and subjects with end stage renal disease. In subjects with mild to moderate renal impairment (creatinine clearance 30 to 80 mL/min), exenatide exposure was similar to that of subjects with normal renal function. However, in subjects with end-stage renal disease receiving dialysis, mean exenatide exposure increased by 3.37-fold compared to that of subjects with normal renal function. [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6)].. Hepatic ImpairmentNo pharmacokinetic study has been performed in patients with diagnosis of acute or chronic hepatic impairment [see Use in Specific Populations (8.7)]. AgePopulation pharmacokinetic analysis of patients ranging from 22 to 73 years of age suggests that age does not influence the pharmacokinetic properties of exenatide [see Use in Specific Population (8.5)].. GenderPopulation pharmacokinetic analysis of male and female patients suggests that gender does not influence the distribution and elimination of exenatide.. RacePopulation pharmacokinetic analysis of samples from Caucasian, Hispanic, Asian, and Black patients suggests that race has no significant influence on the pharmacokinetics of exenatide.. Body Mass IndexPopulation pharmacokinetic analysis of patients with body mass indices (BMI) >=30 kg/m2 and <30 kg/m2 suggests that BMI has no significant effect on the pharmacokinetics of exenatide.

PREGNANCY SECTION.


8.1Pregnancy Pregnancy Category CThere are no adequate and well-controlled studies of BYETTA use in pregnant women. In animal studies, exenatide caused cleft palate, irregular skeletal ossification and an increased number of neonatal deaths. BYETTA should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.Female mice given SC doses of 6, 68, or 760 mcg/kg/day beginning weeks prior to and throughout mating until gestation day had no adverse fetal effects. At the maximal dose, 760 mcg/kg/day, systemic exposures were up to 390 times the human exposure resulting from the maximum recommended dose of 20 mcg/day, based on AUC [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.3)].In developmental toxicity studies, pregnant animals received exenatide subcutaneously during organogenesis. Specifically, fetuses from pregnant rabbits given SC doses of 0.2, 2, 22, 156, or 260 mcg/kg/day from gestation day through 18 experienced irregular skeletal ossifications from exposures 12 times the human exposure resulting from the maximum recommended dose of 20 mcg/day, based on AUC. Moreover, fetuses from pregnant mice given SC doses of 6, 68, 460, or 760 mcg/kg/day from gestation day through 15 demonstrated reduced fetal and neonatal growth, cleft palate and skeletal effects at systemic exposure times the human exposure resulting from the maximum recommended dose of 20 mcg/day, based on AUC [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.3)].Lactating mice given SC doses of 6, 68, or 760 mcg/kg/day from gestation day through lactation day 20 (weaning), experienced an increased number of neonatal deaths. Deaths were observed on postpartum days 2-4 in dams given mcg/kg/day, systemic exposure times the human exposure resulting from the maximum recommended dose of 20 mcg/day, based on AUC [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.3)].. Pregnancy Registry Amylin Pharmaceuticals, Inc. maintains Pregnancy Registry to monitor pregnancy outcomes of women exposed to exenatide during pregnancy. Physicians are encouraged to register patients by calling 1-800-633-9081.

RECENT MAJOR CHANGES SECTION.


Dosage and Administration (2.1)10/2011Warnings and Precautions, Use with Medications Known to Cause Hypoglycemia (5.2)10/2011.

SPL MEDGUIDE SECTION.


Medication GuideBYETTA(R) (bye-A-tuh) (exenatide) Injection Read this Medication Guide and the Pen User Manual that come with BYETTA before you start using it and each time you get refill. There may be new information. This Medication Guide does not take the place of talking with your healthcare provider about your medical condition or your treatment. If you have questions about BYETTA after reading this information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist.What is the most important information should know about BYETTASerious side effects can happen in people who take BYETTA, including inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis) which may be severe and lead to death.Before taking BYETTA, tell your healthcare provider if you have had:pancreatitis.stones in your gallbladder (gallstones).a history of alcoholism.high blood triglyceride levels.These medical conditions can make you more likely to get pancreatitis in general. It is not known if having these conditions will lead to higher chance of getting pancreatitis while taking BYETTA.While taking BYETTA:Call your healthcare provider right away if you have pain in your stomach area (abdomen) that is severe, and will not go away. The pain may happen with or without vomiting. The pain may be felt going from your abdomen through to your back. These may be symptoms of pancreatitis.What is BYETTABYETTA is an injectable prescription medicine that may improve blood sugar (glucose) control in adults with type diabetes mellitus, when used with diet and exercise program.BYETTA is not insulin.You should not take BYETTA instead of insulin.The use of BYETTA with short acting insulin is not recommended.The use of BYETTA with rapid acting insulin is not recommended.BYETTA is not for people with type diabetes or people with diabetic ketoacidosis.It is not known if BYETTA is safe and effective in children.BYETTA has not been studied in people who have pancreatitis.BYETTA should not be used in people who have severe kidney problems.Who should not use BYETTADo not use BYETTA if:you have had an allergic reaction to exenatide or any of the other ingredients in BYETTA. See the end of this Medication Guide for complete list of ingredients in BYETTA.Symptoms of severe allergic reaction with BYETTA may include:swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throatproblems breathing or swallowingsevere rash or itchingfainting or feeling dizzyvery rapid heartbeatWhat should tell my healthcare provider before using BYETTABefore taking BYETTA, tell your healthcare provider if you:have or have had pancreatitis, stones in your gallbladder (gallstones), history of alcoholism, or high blood triglyceride levels.have severe problems with your stomach, such as delayed emptying of your stomach (gastroparesis) or problems with digesting food.have or have had kidney problems, or have had kidney transplant.have any other medical conditions.are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if BYETTA will harm your unborn baby. Pregnancy Registry: Amylin Pharmaceuticals, Inc. has registry for women who take BYETTA during pregnancy. The purpose of this registry is to collect information about the health of you and your baby. If you take BYETTA at any time during pregnancy you may enroll in this registry by calling (800) 633-9081. are breastfeeding or plan to breast-feed. It is not known if BYETTA passes into your breast milk. You and your healthcare provider should decide if you will take BYETTA or breast-feed. You should not do both without talking with your healthcare provider first.Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take including prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. BYETTA slows stomach emptying and can affect medicines that need to pass through the stomach quickly. BYETTA may affect the way some medicines work and some other medicines may affect the way BYETTA works.Especially tell your healthcare provider if you take:Other anti-diabetes medicines, especially sulfonylurea medicines or insulin.birth control pills that are taken by mouth (oral contraceptives). BYETTA may lower the amount of the medicine in your blood from your birth control pills and they may not work as well to prevent pregnancy. Take your birth control pills at least one hour before your injection of BYETTA. If you must take your birth control pills with food, take it with meal or snack where you do not also take BYETTA.an antibiotic. Take antibiotic medicines at least one hour before taking BYETTA. If you must take your antibiotic with food, take it with meal or snack where you do not also take BYETTA.warfarin sodium (Coumadin(R), Jantoven(R)).a blood pressure medicine.a water pill (diuretic).a pain medicine.lovastatin (Altoprev(R), Mevacor(R), Advicor(R)).Ask your healthcare provider if you are not sure if your medicine is listed above.Know the medicines you take. Keep list of them with you to show your healthcare provider and pharmacist each time you get new medicine.How should use BYETTASee the Pen User Manual that comes with BYETTA for instructions for using the BYETTA Pen and injecting BYETTA.Your healthcare provider may prescribe BYETTA alone or with certain other medicines to help control your blood sugar.BYETTA comes in prefilled pen.Use BYETTA exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Do not change your dose unless your healthcare provider has told you to change your dose.Your healthcare provider must teach you how to inject BYETTA before you use it for the first time. If you have questions or do not understand the instructions, talk to your healthcare provider or pharmacist.Pen needles are not included. You may need prescription to purchase pen needles from your pharmacist. Ask your healthcare provider which needle length and gauge is best for you.Inject your dose of BYETTA under the skin (subcutaneous injection) of your upper leg (thigh), stomach area (abdomen), or upper arm as instructed by your healthcare provider. Do not inject into vein or muscle.Do not mix BYETTA and insulin in the same syringe or vial even if you take them at the same time.BYETTA is injected two times each day, at any time within the 60 minutes (1 hour) before your morning and evening meals (or before the two main meals of the day, approximately hours or more apart). Do not take BYETTA after your meal.If you miss dose of BYETTA, skip that dose and take your next dose at the next prescribed time. Do not take an extra dose or increase the amount of your next dose to make up for missed dose.If you use too much BYETTA, call your healthcare provider or poison control center right away. Too much BYETTA can cause your blood sugar to drop quickly and you may have symptoms of low blood sugar. You may need medical treatment right away. Too much BYETTA can also cause severe nausea and vomiting.Follow your healthcare providers instructions for diet, exercise, and how often to test your blood sugar. If you see your blood sugar increasing during treatment with BYETTA, talk to your healthcare provider because you may need to adjust your current treatment plan for your diabetes.Talk to your healthcare provider about how to manage high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) and low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), and how to recognize problems that can happen with your diabetes.Never share your BYETTA pen with another person. You may give an infection to them, or get an infection from them, and BYETTA may harm them.What are the possible side effects of BYETTABYETTA can cause serious side effects.See What is the most important information should know about BYETTAIt is not known whether BYETTA, or other anti-diabetes medications, increase your risk of heart attack or stroke.Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Your risk for getting low blood sugar is higher if you take BYETTA with another medicine that can cause low blood sugar, such as sulfonylurea or insulin. The dose of your sulfonylurea or insulin medicine may need to be lowered while you use BYETTA. Signs and symptoms of low blood sugar may include:headachedrowsinessweaknessdizzinessconfusionirritabilityhungerfast heart beatsweatingfeeling jitteryTalk with your healthcare provider about how to treat low blood sugar.Kidney problems. BYETTA may cause new or worse problems with kidney function, including kidney failure. Dialysis or kidney transplant may be needed.While taking BYETTA:Call your healthcare provider right away if you have nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea that will not go away, or if you cannot take liquids by mouth. You may be at increased risk for kidney problems.Severe allergic reactions. Severe allergic reactions can happen with BYETTA. Stop taking BYETTA, and get medical help right away if you have any symptom of severe allergic reaction. See Who should not take BYETTAThe most common side effects with BYETTA include: nausea. Nausea most commonly happens when first starting BYETTA, but may become less over time.vomiting.diarrhea.feeling jittery.dizziness.headache.acid stomach.constipation.weakness.Talk to your healthcare provider about any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away. These are not all the side effects with BYETTA. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.How should store BYETTAStore your new, unused BYETTA Pen in the original carton in refrigerator at 36F to 46F (2C to 8oC).After first use, keep your BYETTA Pen at temperature cooler than 77F (25C).Do not freeze your BYETTA Pen. Do not use BYETTA if it has been frozen.Protect BYETTA from light.Use BYETTA Pen for only 30 days. Throw away used BYETTA Pen after 30 days, even if there is some medicine left in the pen.Do not use BYETTA after the expiration date printed on the label.Do not store the BYETTA Pen with the needle attached. If the needle is left on, medicine may leak from the BYETTA Pen or air bubbles may form in the cartridge.See the BYETTA Pen User Manual for instructions about the right way to throw away your BYETTA Pen.Keep your BYETTA Pen, pen needles, and all medicines out of the reach of children.General information about BYETTAMedicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in Medication Guide. Do not use BYETTA for condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give BYETTA to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. It may harm them.This Medication Guide includes the most important information you should know about using BYETTA. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider. You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for information about BYETTA that is written for health professionals.For more information about BYETTA, go to http://www.BYETTA.com or call BYETTA Customer Service at 1-800-868-1190.What are the ingredients in BYETTAActive Ingredient: exenatide Inactive Ingredients: metacresol, mannitol, glacial acetic acid, and sodium acetate trihydrate in water for injection.This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.Revised December 2011Manufactured for Amylin Pharmaceuticals, Inc., San Diego, CA 92121BYETTA is registered trademark of Amylin Pharmaceuticals, Inc.All other marks are the marks of their respective owners.(C) 2005, 2011 Amylin Pharmaceuticals, Inc. All rights reserved.823015-AA. pancreatitis.. stones in your gallbladder (gallstones).. history of alcoholism.. high blood triglyceride levels.. BYETTA is an injectable prescription medicine that may improve blood sugar (glucose) control in adults with type diabetes mellitus, when used with diet and exercise program.. BYETTA is not insulin.. You should not take BYETTA instead of insulin.. The use of BYETTA with short acting insulin is not recommended.. The use of BYETTA with rapid acting insulin is not recommended.. BYETTA is not for people with type diabetes or people with diabetic ketoacidosis.. It is not known if BYETTA is safe and effective in children.. BYETTA has not been studied in people who have pancreatitis.. BYETTA should not be used in people who have severe kidney problems.. you have had an allergic reaction to exenatide or any of the other ingredients in BYETTA. See the end of this Medication Guide for complete list of ingredients in BYETTA.. swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. problems breathing or swallowing. severe rash or itching. fainting or feeling dizzy. very rapid heartbeat. have or have had pancreatitis, stones in your gallbladder (gallstones), history of alcoholism, or high blood triglyceride levels.. have severe problems with your stomach, such as delayed emptying of your stomach (gastroparesis) or problems with digesting food.. have or have had kidney problems, or have had kidney transplant.. have any other medical conditions.. are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if BYETTA will harm your unborn baby. Pregnancy Registry: Amylin Pharmaceuticals, Inc. has registry for women who take BYETTA during pregnancy. The purpose of this registry is to collect information about the health of you and your baby. If you take BYETTA at any time during pregnancy you may enroll in this registry by calling (800) 633-9081. Pregnancy Registry: Amylin Pharmaceuticals, Inc. has registry for women who take BYETTA during pregnancy. The purpose of this registry is to collect information about the health of you and your baby. If you take BYETTA at any time during pregnancy you may enroll in this registry by calling (800) 633-9081.. are breastfeeding or plan to breast-feed. It is not known if BYETTA passes into your breast milk. You and your healthcare provider should decide if you will take BYETTA or breast-feed. You should not do both without talking with your healthcare provider first.. Other anti-diabetes medicines, especially sulfonylurea medicines or insulin.. birth control pills that are taken by mouth (oral contraceptives). BYETTA may lower the amount of the medicine in your blood from your birth control pills and they may not work as well to prevent pregnancy. Take your birth control pills at least one hour before your injection of BYETTA. If you must take your birth control pills with food, take it with meal or snack where you do not also take BYETTA.. an antibiotic. Take antibiotic medicines at least one hour before taking BYETTA. If you must take your antibiotic with food, take it with meal or snack where you do not also take BYETTA.. warfarin sodium (Coumadin(R), Jantoven(R)).. blood pressure medicine.. water pill (diuretic).. pain medicine.. lovastatin (Altoprev(R), Mevacor(R), Advicor(R)).. Your healthcare provider may prescribe BYETTA alone or with certain other medicines to help control your blood sugar.. BYETTA comes in prefilled pen.. Use BYETTA exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Do not change your dose unless your healthcare provider has told you to change your dose.. Your healthcare provider must teach you how to inject BYETTA before you use it for the first time. If you have questions or do not understand the instructions, talk to your healthcare provider or pharmacist.. Pen needles are not included. You may need prescription to purchase pen needles from your pharmacist. Ask your healthcare provider which needle length and gauge is best for you.. Inject your dose of BYETTA under the skin (subcutaneous injection) of your upper leg (thigh), stomach area (abdomen), or upper arm as instructed by your healthcare provider. Do not inject into vein or muscle.. Do not mix BYETTA and insulin in the same syringe or vial even if you take them at the same time.. BYETTA is injected two times each day, at any time within the 60 minutes (1 hour) before your morning and evening meals (or before the two main meals of the day, approximately hours or more apart). Do not take BYETTA after your meal.. If you miss dose of BYETTA, skip that dose and take your next dose at the next prescribed time. Do not take an extra dose or increase the amount of your next dose to make up for missed dose.. If you use too much BYETTA, call your healthcare provider or poison control center right away. Too much BYETTA can cause your blood sugar to drop quickly and you may have symptoms of low blood sugar. You may need medical treatment right away. Too much BYETTA can also cause severe nausea and vomiting.. Follow your healthcare providers instructions for diet, exercise, and how often to test your blood sugar. If you see your blood sugar increasing during treatment with BYETTA, talk to your healthcare provider because you may need to adjust your current treatment plan for your diabetes.. Talk to your healthcare provider about how to manage high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) and low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), and how to recognize problems that can happen with your diabetes.. Never share your BYETTA pen with another person. You may give an infection to them, or get an infection from them, and BYETTA may harm them.. Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Your risk for getting low blood sugar is higher if you take BYETTA with another medicine that can cause low blood sugar, such as sulfonylurea or insulin. The dose of your sulfonylurea or insulin medicine may need to be lowered while you use BYETTA. Signs and symptoms of low blood sugar may include:headachedrowsinessweaknessdizzinessconfusionirritabilityhungerfast heart beatsweatingfeeling jittery. headache. drowsiness. weakness. dizziness. confusion. irritability. hunger. fast heart beat. sweating. feeling jittery. Kidney problems. BYETTA may cause new or worse problems with kidney function, including kidney failure. Dialysis or kidney transplant may be needed.While taking BYETTA:Call your healthcare provider right away if you have nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea that will not go away, or if you cannot take liquids by mouth. You may be at increased risk for kidney problems.. While taking BYETTA:Call your healthcare provider right away if you have nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea that will not go away, or if you cannot take liquids by mouth. You may be at increased risk for kidney problems.. Severe allergic reactions. Severe allergic reactions can happen with BYETTA. Stop taking BYETTA, and get medical help right away if you have any symptom of severe allergic reaction. See Who should not take BYETTA. nausea. Nausea most commonly happens when first starting BYETTA, but may become less over time.. vomiting.. diarrhea.. feeling jittery.. dizziness.. headache.. acid stomach.. constipation.. weakness.. Store your new, unused BYETTA Pen in the original carton in refrigerator at 36F to 46F (2C to 8oC).. After first use, keep your BYETTA Pen at temperature cooler than 77F (25C).. Do not freeze your BYETTA Pen. Do not use BYETTA if it has been frozen.. Protect BYETTA from light.. Use BYETTA Pen for only 30 days. Throw away used BYETTA Pen after 30 days, even if there is some medicine left in the pen.. Do not use BYETTA after the expiration date printed on the label.. Do not store the BYETTA Pen with the needle attached. If the needle is left on, medicine may leak from the BYETTA Pen or air bubbles may form in the cartridge.. See the BYETTA Pen User Manual for instructions about the right way to throw away your BYETTA Pen.. Keep your BYETTA Pen, pen needles, and all medicines out of the reach of children.

SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION.


1.1Type Diabetes Mellitus. BYETTA is indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type diabetes mellitus.

STORAGE AND HANDLING SECTION.


16.2Storage and Handling. Prior to first use, BYETTA must be stored refrigerated at 36oF to 46oF (2oC to 8oC).After first use, BYETTA can be kept at temperature not to exceed 77oF (25oC).Do not freeze. Do not use BYETTA if it has been frozen.BYETTA should be protected from light.The pen should be discarded 30 days after first use, even if some drug remains in the pen.Use puncture-resistant container to discard the needles. Do not reuse or share needles.BYETTA should not be used past the expiration date.BYETTA pens are not to be shared with other patients.. Prior to first use, BYETTA must be stored refrigerated at 36oF to 46oF (2oC to 8oC).. After first use, BYETTA can be kept at temperature not to exceed 77oF (25oC).. Do not freeze. Do not use BYETTA if it has been frozen.. BYETTA should be protected from light.. The pen should be discarded 30 days after first use, even if some drug remains in the pen.. Use puncture-resistant container to discard the needles. Do not reuse or share needles.. BYETTA should not be used past the expiration date.. BYETTA pens are not to be shared with other patients.

TERATOGENIC EFFECTS SECTION.


Pregnancy Category CThere are no adequate and well-controlled studies of BYETTA use in pregnant women. In animal studies, exenatide caused cleft palate, irregular skeletal ossification and an increased number of neonatal deaths. BYETTA should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.Female mice given SC doses of 6, 68, or 760 mcg/kg/day beginning weeks prior to and throughout mating until gestation day had no adverse fetal effects. At the maximal dose, 760 mcg/kg/day, systemic exposures were up to 390 times the human exposure resulting from the maximum recommended dose of 20 mcg/day, based on AUC [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.3)].In developmental toxicity studies, pregnant animals received exenatide subcutaneously during organogenesis. Specifically, fetuses from pregnant rabbits given SC doses of 0.2, 2, 22, 156, or 260 mcg/kg/day from gestation day through 18 experienced irregular skeletal ossifications from exposures 12 times the human exposure resulting from the maximum recommended dose of 20 mcg/day, based on AUC. Moreover, fetuses from pregnant mice given SC doses of 6, 68, 460, or 760 mcg/kg/day from gestation day through 15 demonstrated reduced fetal and neonatal growth, cleft palate and skeletal effects at systemic exposure times the human exposure resulting from the maximum recommended dose of 20 mcg/day, based on AUC [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.3)].Lactating mice given SC doses of 6, 68, or 760 mcg/kg/day from gestation day through lactation day 20 (weaning), experienced an increased number of neonatal deaths. Deaths were observed on postpartum days 2-4 in dams given mcg/kg/day, systemic exposure times the human exposure resulting from the maximum recommended dose of 20 mcg/day, based on AUC [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.3)].

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS SECTION.


8USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS. Pregnancy: Based on animal data, BYETTA may cause fetal harm. BYETTA should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. To report drug exposure during pregnancy call 1-800-633-9081 (8.1).Nursing Mothers: Caution should be exercised when BYETTA is administered to nursing woman (8.3).. Pregnancy: Based on animal data, BYETTA may cause fetal harm. BYETTA should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. To report drug exposure during pregnancy call 1-800-633-9081 (8.1).. Nursing Mothers: Caution should be exercised when BYETTA is administered to nursing woman (8.3).. 8.1Pregnancy Pregnancy Category CThere are no adequate and well-controlled studies of BYETTA use in pregnant women. In animal studies, exenatide caused cleft palate, irregular skeletal ossification and an increased number of neonatal deaths. BYETTA should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.Female mice given SC doses of 6, 68, or 760 mcg/kg/day beginning weeks prior to and throughout mating until gestation day had no adverse fetal effects. At the maximal dose, 760 mcg/kg/day, systemic exposures were up to 390 times the human exposure resulting from the maximum recommended dose of 20 mcg/day, based on AUC [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.3)].In developmental toxicity studies, pregnant animals received exenatide subcutaneously during organogenesis. Specifically, fetuses from pregnant rabbits given SC doses of 0.2, 2, 22, 156, or 260 mcg/kg/day from gestation day through 18 experienced irregular skeletal ossifications from exposures 12 times the human exposure resulting from the maximum recommended dose of 20 mcg/day, based on AUC. Moreover, fetuses from pregnant mice given SC doses of 6, 68, 460, or 760 mcg/kg/day from gestation day through 15 demonstrated reduced fetal and neonatal growth, cleft palate and skeletal effects at systemic exposure times the human exposure resulting from the maximum recommended dose of 20 mcg/day, based on AUC [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.3)].Lactating mice given SC doses of 6, 68, or 760 mcg/kg/day from gestation day through lactation day 20 (weaning), experienced an increased number of neonatal deaths. Deaths were observed on postpartum days 2-4 in dams given mcg/kg/day, systemic exposure times the human exposure resulting from the maximum recommended dose of 20 mcg/day, based on AUC [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.3)].. Pregnancy Registry Amylin Pharmaceuticals, Inc. maintains Pregnancy Registry to monitor pregnancy outcomes of women exposed to exenatide during pregnancy. Physicians are encouraged to register patients by calling 1-800-633-9081.. 8.3Nursing Mothers It is not known whether exenatide is excreted in human milk. However, exenatide is present at low concentrations (less than or equal to 2.5% of the concentration in maternal plasma following subcutaneous dosing) in the milk of lactating mice. Many drugs are excreted in human milk and because of the potential for clinically significant adverse reactions in nursing infants from exenatide, decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or discontinue the drug, taking into account these potential risks against the glycemic benefits to the lactating woman. Caution should be exercised when BYETTA is administered to nursing woman.. 8.4Pediatric Use. Safety and effectiveness of BYETTA have not been established in pediatric patients.. 8.5Geriatric Use. Population pharmacokinetic analysis of patients ranging from 22 to 73 years of age suggests that age does not influence the pharmacokinetic properties of exenatide [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. BYETTA was studied in 282 patients 65 years of age or older and in 16 patients 75 years of age or older. No differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these patients and younger patients. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, care should be taken in dose selection in the elderly based on renal function.. 8.6Renal Impairment. BYETTA is not recommended for use in patients with end-stage renal disease or severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance 30 mL/min) and should be used with caution in patients with renal transplantation. No dosage adjustment of BYETTA is required in patients with mild renal impairment (creatinine clearance 50 to 80 mL/min). Caution should be applied when initiating or escalating doses of BYETTA from mcg to 10 mcg in patients with moderate renal impairment (creatinine clearance 30 to 50 mL/min) [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].. 8.7Hepatic Impairment. No pharmacokinetic study has been performed in patients with diagnosis of acute or chronic hepatic impairment. Because exenatide is cleared primarily by the kidney, hepatic dysfunction is not expected to affect blood concentrations of exenatide [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS SECTION.


5WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS. Pancreatitis: Postmarketing reports with exenatide, including fatal and non-fatal hemorrhagic or necrotizing pancreatitis. Discontinue BYETTA promptly. BYETTA should not be restarted. Consider other antidiabetic therapies in patients with history of pancreatitis (5.1).Hypoglycemia: Increased risk when BYETTA is used in combination with medications known to cause hypoglycemia (e.g. insulin or insulin secretagogue). Consider reducing the dose of insulin or insulin secretagogue (5.2).Renal Impairment: Postmarketing reports with exenatide, sometimes requiring hemodialysis and kidney transplantation. BYETTA should not be used in patients with severe renal impairment or end-stage renal disease and should be used with caution in patients with renal transplantation. Caution should be applied when initiating BYETTA or escalating the dose of BYETTA in patients with moderate renal failure (5.3, 8.6, 12.3)Severe Gastrointestinal Disease: Use of BYETTA is not recommended in patients with severe gastrointestinal disease (e.g., gastroparesis) (5.4).Hypersensitivity: Postmarketing reports with exenatide of hypersensitivity reactions (e.g. anaphylaxis and angioedema). The patient should discontinue BYETTA and other suspect medications and promptly seek medical advice (5.6).Macrovascular outcomes: There have been no clinical studies establishing conclusive evidence of macrovascular risk reduction with BYETTA or any other antidiabetic drug (5.7).. Pancreatitis: Postmarketing reports with exenatide, including fatal and non-fatal hemorrhagic or necrotizing pancreatitis. Discontinue BYETTA promptly. BYETTA should not be restarted. Consider other antidiabetic therapies in patients with history of pancreatitis (5.1).. Hypoglycemia: Increased risk when BYETTA is used in combination with medications known to cause hypoglycemia (e.g. insulin or insulin secretagogue). Consider reducing the dose of insulin or insulin secretagogue (5.2).. Renal Impairment: Postmarketing reports with exenatide, sometimes requiring hemodialysis and kidney transplantation. BYETTA should not be used in patients with severe renal impairment or end-stage renal disease and should be used with caution in patients with renal transplantation. Caution should be applied when initiating BYETTA or escalating the dose of BYETTA in patients with moderate renal failure (5.3, 8.6, 12.3). Severe Gastrointestinal Disease: Use of BYETTA is not recommended in patients with severe gastrointestinal disease (e.g., gastroparesis) (5.4).. Hypersensitivity: Postmarketing reports with exenatide of hypersensitivity reactions (e.g. anaphylaxis and angioedema). The patient should discontinue BYETTA and other suspect medications and promptly seek medical advice (5.6).. Macrovascular outcomes: There have been no clinical studies establishing conclusive evidence of macrovascular risk reduction with BYETTA or any other antidiabetic drug (5.7).. 5.1Acute Pancreatitis. Based on postmarketing data BYETTA has been associated with acute pancreatitis, including fatal and non-fatal hemorrhagic or necrotizing pancreatitis. After initiation of BYETTA, and after dose increases, observe patients carefully for signs and symptoms of pancreatitis (including persistent severe abdominal pain, sometimes radiating to the back, which may or may not be accompanied by vomiting). If pancreatitis is suspected, BYETTA should promptly be discontinued and appropriate management should be initiated. If pancreatitis is confirmed, BYETTA should not be restarted. Consider antidiabetic therapies other than BYETTA in patients with history of pancreatitis.. 5.2Use with Medications Known to Cause Hypoglycemia. The risk of hypoglycemia is increased when BYETTA is used in combination with sulfonylurea. Therefore, patients receiving BYETTA and sulfonylurea may require lower dose of the sulfonylurea to reduce the risk of hypoglycemia.When BYETTA is used in combination with insulin, the dose of insulin should be evaluated. In patients at increased risk of hypoglycemia consider reducing the dose of insulin [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. The concurrent use of BYETTA with prandial insulin has not been studied and cannot be recommended. It is also possible that the use of BYETTA with other glucose-independent insulin secretagogues (e.g. meglitinides) could increase the risk of hypoglycemia.For additional information on glucose dependent effects see Mechanism of Action (12.1). 5.3Renal Impairment. BYETTA should not be used in patients with severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance 30 mL/min) or end-stage renal disease and should be used with caution in patients with renal transplantation [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6)]. In patients with end-stage renal disease receiving dialysis, single doses of BYETTA mcg were not well-tolerated due to gastrointestinal side effects. Because BYETTA may induce nausea and vomiting with transient hypovolemia, treatment may worsen renal function. Caution should be applied when initiating or escalating doses of BYETTA from mcg to 10 mcg in patients with moderate renal impairment (creatinine clearance 30 to 50 mL/min).There have been postmarketing reports of altered renal function, including increased serum creatinine, renal impairment, worsened chronic renal failure and acute renal failure, sometimes requiring hemodialysis or kidney transplantation. Some of these events occurred in patients receiving one or more pharmacologic agents known to affect renal function or hydration status, such as angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or diuretics. Some events occurred in patients who had been experiencing nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea, with or without dehydration. Reversibility of altered renal function has been observed in many cases with supportive treatment and discontinuation of potentially causative agents, including BYETTA. Exenatide has not been found to be directly nephrotoxic in preclinical or clinical studies.. 5.4Gastrointestinal Disease. BYETTA has not been studied in patients with severe gastrointestinal disease, including gastroparesis. Because BYETTA is commonly associated with gastrointestinal adverse reactions, including nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, the use of BYETTA is not recommended in patients with severe gastrointestinal disease.. 5.5Immunogenicity. Patients may develop antibodies to exenatide following treatment with BYETTA. Antibody levels were measured in 90% of subjects in the 30-week, 24-week and 16-week studies of BYETTA. In 3%, 4% and 1% of these patients, respectively, antibody formation was associated with an attenuated glycemic response. If there is worsening glycemic control or failure to achieve targeted glycemic control, alternative antidiabetic therapy should be considered [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].. 5.6Hypersensitivity. There have been postmarketing reports of serious hypersensitivity reactions (e.g. anaphylaxis and angioedema) in patients treated with BYETTA. If hypersensitivity reaction occurs, the patient should discontinue BYETTA and other suspect medications and promptly seek medical advice [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)].. 5.7Macrovascular Outcomes There have been no clinical studies establishing conclusive evidence of macrovascular risk reduction with BYETTA or any other antidiabetic drug.