ADVERSE REACTIONS SECTION.
ADVERSE REACTIONS. Side effects have been reported in about 50% of the patients tested with TRH. Generally, the side effects are moor, have occurred promptly, and have persisted for only few minutes following injection.Cardiovascular reactions:Marked changes in blood pressure, including both hypertension and hypotension with or without syncope, have been reported in small number of patients.Endocrine reaction:Breast enlargement and leakage in lactating women for up to two or three days.Other reactions:Headaches, sometimes severe, and transient amaurosis in patients with pituitary tumors. Rarely, convulsions may occur in patients with predisposing conditions, e.g., epilepsy, brain damage. Nausea; urge to urinate; flushed sensation; light-headedness; bad taste in mouth; abdominal discomfort; and dry mouth.Less frequently reported were:Anxiety; sweating; tightness in the throat; pressure in the chest; tingling sensation; drowsiness; and allergic reactions.Pituitary apoplexy requiring acute neurosurgical intervention has been reported infrequently for patients with pituitary macroadenomas following the acute administration of protirelin injection in the setting of combined anterior pituitary function testing in conjunction with LHRH and insulin.
CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY SECTION.
CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY. Pharmacologically, TRH increases the release of the thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) from the anterior pituitary. Prolactin release is also increased. It has recently been observed that approximately 65% of acromegalic patients tested respond with rise in circulating growth hormone levels; the clinical significance is as yet not clear. Following intravenous administration, the mean plasma half-life of protirelin in normal subjects is approximately five minutes. TSH levels rise rapidly and reach peak at 20 to 30 minutes. The decline in TSH levels takes place more slowly, approaching baseline levels after approximately three hours.
DESCRIPTION. Chemically, TRH (protirelin) is identified as 5-oxo-L-prolyl-L-histidyl-L-proline amide. It is synthetic tripeptide that is believed to be structurally identical to the naturally-occurring thyrotropin-releasing hormone produced by the hypothalamus. The CAS Registry Number is 24305-27-9. The structural formula is:Figure 1TRH is supplied as solution of mL in 5 mL vial. Each vial contains 500 mcg protirelin, 1.8 mg Methylparaben, 0.2 mg Propylparaben, and 9.0 mg Sodium Chloride. TRH is intended for intravenous administration following dilution with mL sterile water for injection.
DOSAGE & ADMINISTRATION SECTION.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION. TRH is intended for intravenous administration with the patient in the supine position. The drug is administered as bolus over period of 15 to 30 seconds, with the patient remaining supine until all scheduled post injection blood samples have been taken. Blood pressure should be measured before TRH is administered and at frequent intervals during the first 15 minutes thereafter (see WARNINGS). Have the patient urinate before injecting TRH.Adults: 500 ug. Doses between 200 and 500 ug have been used. 500 ug is considered the optimum dose to give the maximum response in the greatest number of patients. Doses greater than 500 ug are unlikely to elicit greater TSH response.Children age to 16 years: ug/kg body weight up to dose of 500 ug.Infants and children up to years: Experience is limited in this age group; doses of 7ug/kg have been administered.One blood sample for TSH assay should be drawn immediately prior to the injection of TRH, and second sample should be obtained 30 minutes after injection.The TSH response to TRH is reduced by repetitive administration of the drug. Accordingly, if the TRH test is repeated, an interval of seven days before testing is recommended.Elevated serum lipids may interfere with the TSH assay. Thus, fasting (except in patients with hypopituitarism) or low-fat meal is recommended prior to the test.
INDICATIONS & USAGE SECTION.
INDICATIONS AND USAGE. TRH is indicated as an adjunctive agent in the diagnostic assessment of thyroid function. As an adjunct to other diagnostic procedures, testing with TRH (protirelin) may yield useful information in patients with pituitary or hypothalamic dysfunction.TRH is indicated as an adjunct to evaluate the effectiveness of thyrotropin suppression with particular dose of T4 in patients with nodular or diffuse goiter. normal TSH baseline value and minimal difference between the 30 minute and baseline response to TRH injection would indicate adequate suppression of the pituitary secretion of TSH.TRH may be used, adjunctively, for adjustment of thyroid hormone dosage given to patients with primary hypothyroidism. normal or slightly blunted TSH response, thirty minutes following TRH injection, would indicate adequate replacement therapy.
PACKAGE LABEL.PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL.
PACKAGE LABEL.PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL. Figure 3. ad867c7e-figure-01. ad867c7e-figure-02. C:\Users\achai\Desktop\NDC Project-AC 2012\TRH\TRHLaabel.JPG.
PRECAUTIONS. General:Thyroid hormones reduce the TSH response to TRH. Accordingly, patients in whom TRH is to be used diagnostically should be taken off liothyronine (T3) approximately seven days prior to testing and should be taken off thyroid medications containing levothyroxine (T4), e.g., desiccated thyroid, thyroglobulin, or liotrix, at least 14 days before testing. Hormone therapy is NOT to be discontinued when the test is used to evaluate the effectiveness of thyroid suppression with particular dose of T4 in patients with nodular or diffuse goiter, or for adjustment of thyroid hormone dosage given to patients with primary hypothyroidism.Chronic administration of levodopa has been reported to inhibit the TSH response to TRH.It is not advisable to withdraw maintenance doses of adrenocortical drugs used in the therapy of known hypopituitarism. Several published reports have shown that prolonged treatment with glucocorticoids at physiologic doses has no significant effect on the TSH response to thyrotropin releasing hormone, but that the administration of pharmacologic doses of steroids reduces the TSH response. Therapeutic doses of acetylsalicylic acid (2 to 3.6 g/day) have been reported to inhibit the TSH response to protirelin. The ingestion of acetylsalicylic acid caused the peak level of TSH to decrease approximately 30% as compared to values obtained without acetylsalicylic acid administration. In both cases, the TSH peak occurred 30 minutes post-administration of protirelin.
SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION.
Dear Medical Professional,Per your order, we have compounded Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone (TRH). The characteristics of this preparation are:.
WARNINGS. Transient changes in blood pressure, either increases or decreases, frequently occur immediately following administration of TRH. Blood pressure should therefore be measured before TRH is administered and at frequent intervals during the first 15 minutes after its administration.Increases in systolic pressure (usually less than 30 mm Hg) and/or increases in diastolic pressure (usually less than 20 mm Hg) have been observed more frequently than decreases in pressure. These changes have not ordinarily persisted for more than 15 minutes nor have they required therapy. More severe degrees of hypertension or hypotension with or without syncope have been reported in few patients. To minimize the incidence and/or severity of hypotension, the patient should be supine before, during, and after TRH administration. If clinically important change in blood pressure occurs, monitoring of blood pressure should be continued until it returns to base-line levels.TRH should not be administered to patients in whom marked, rapid changes in blood pressure would be dangerous unless the potential benefit clearly outweighs the potential risk.