OVERDOSAGE:. The oral LD 50 of sulfacetamide in mice is 16.5 g/kg. In the event of overdosage, emergency treatment should be started immediately. Manifestations: Overdosage may cause nausea and vomiting. Large oral overdosage may cause hematuria, crystalluria and renal shutdown due to the precipitation of sulfa crystals in the renal tubules and the urinary tract. For treatment, contact your local Poison Control Center or your doctor.
ADVERSE REACTIONS SECTION.
ADVERSE REACTIONS:. Reports of irritation and hypersensitivity to sodium sulfacetamide are uncommon. The following adverse reactions, reported after administration of sterile ophthalmic sodium sulfacetamide, are noteworthy: instances of Stevens-Johnson syndrome and instances of local hypersensitivity which progressed to syndrome resembling systemic lupus erythematosus; in one case fatal outcome was reported (see WARNINGS).
CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY SECTION.
CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY:. Sodium sulfacetamide exerts bacteriostatic effect against sulfonamide sensitive Gram-positive and Gram-negative microorganisms commonly isolated from secondary cutaneous pyogenic infections. It acts by restricting the synthesis of folic acid required by bacteria for growth, by its competition with para-aminobenzoic acid. There is no clinical data available on the degree and rate of systemic absorption of this product when applied to the skin or scalp. However, significant absorption of sodium sulfacetamide through the skin has been reported.The following in vitro data is available but the clinical significance is unknown. Organisms that show susceptibility to sodium sulfacetamide are: Streptococci, Staphylococci, E. coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas pyocyanea, Salmonella species, Proteus vulgaris, Nocardia and Actinomyces.
CONTRAINDICATIONS:. This product is contraindicated in persons with known or suspected hypersensitivity to any of the ingredients of the product. This product is not to be used by patients with kidney disease.
DESCRIPTION:. Each gram contains 100 mg of sodium sulfacetamide in vehicle consisting of: benzyl alcohol, cetearyl alcohol (and) PEG-3 distearoylamidoethylmonium methosulfate (and) polysorbate 60, cetyl alcohol, disodium EDTA, fragrance, glyceryl stearate (and) PEG-100 stearate, magnesium aluminum silicate, PEG-150 distearate, phenoxyethanol, polyethylene glycol 400, purified water, sodium lauryl sulfate, sodium thiosulfate, stearyl alcohol and xanthan gum.Sodium sulfacetamide is sulfonamide with antibacterial activity. Sodium sulfacetamide is 8H 9N 2NaO 3S.H 2O with molecular weight of 254.24. Chemically, sodium sulfacetamide is N-[(4-aminophenyl) sulfonyl]-acetamide, monosodium salt, monohydrate. The structural formula is: Sodium sulfacetamide is an odorless, white, crystalline powder with bitter taste. It is freely soluble in water, sparingly soluble in alcohol, while practically insoluble in benzene, in chloroform and in ether.. image structure.
DOSAGE & ADMINISTRATION SECTION.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION:. Seborrheic dermatitis including seborrhea sicca Apply to affected areas twice daily (morning and evening), or as directed by your physician. Avoid contact with eyes or mucous membranes. Repeat application as described for eight to ten days. As the condition subsides, the interval between applications may be lengthened. Applications once or twice weekly or every other week may prevent recurrence. Should the condition recur after stopping therapy, the application of this product should be reinitiated as at the beginning of treatment. Secondary cutaneous bacterial infections Apply to affected areas twice daily for eight to ten days.
HOW SUPPLIED SECTION.
HOW SUPPLIED:. This product is supplied in the following size(s): oz. (57 g) bottles, NDC 0178-0495-02 To report serious adverse event or obtain product information, call 1-800-298-1087. Manufactured for: MISSION PHARMACAL COMPANY San Antonio, TX 78230 1355 825241.
INDICATIONS & USAGE SECTION.
INDICATIONS:. This product is intended for topical application in the following scaling dermatoses: seborrheic dermatitis and seborrhea sicca (dandruff). It also is indicated for the treatment of secondary bacterial infections of the skin due to organisms susceptible to sulfonamides.
PRECAUTIONS:. FOR EXTERNAL USE ONLY. NOT FOR OPHTHALMIC USE.General: Nonsusceptible organisms, including fungi, may proliferate with the use of this preparation. Although rare, sensitivity to sodium sulfacetamide may occur. Therefore, caution and careful supervision should be observed when prescribing this drug for patients who may be prone to hypersensitivity to topical sulfonamides. If the use of this product produces signs of hypersensitivity or other untoward reactions, discontinue use of the preparation. Patients should be carefully observed for possible local irritation or sensitization during long-term therapy. Systemic toxic reactions such as agranulocytosis, acute hemolytic anemia, purpura hemorrhagica, drug fever, jaundice and contact dermatitis indicate hypersensitivity to sulfonamides. Particular caution should be employed if areas of denuded or abraded skin are involved. Systemic absorption of topical sulfonamides is greater following application to large, infected, abraded, denuded or severely burned areas. Under these circumstances, any of the adverse effects produced by the systemic administration of these agents could potentially occur, and appropriate observations and laboratory determinations should be performed. Information for Patients: Patients should discontinue the use of this product if the condition becomes worse or if rash develops in the area being treated or elsewhere. The use of this product also should be discontinued promptly and the physician notified if any arthritis, fever or sores in the mouth develop. Avoid contact with eyes, lips and mucous membranes. Drug Interactions: This product is incompatible with silver preparations. Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis and Impairment of Fertility: Long-term animal studies for carcinogenic potential have not been performed on this product to date. Studies on reproduction and fertility also have not been performed. Chromosomal nondisjunction has been reported in the yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, following application of sodium sulfacetamide. The significance of this finding to the topical use of sodium sulfacetamide in the human is unknown. Pregnancy:Category C. Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with this product. It is also not known whether this product can affect reproduction capacity or cause fetal harm when administered to pregnant woman. This product should be used by pregnant woman only if clearly needed or when potential benefits outweigh potential hazards to the fetus. Nursing Mothers: It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when this product is administered to nursing woman. Pediatric Use: Safety and effectiveness in children under the age of 12 years have not been established.
SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION.
Rx OnlyFOR EXTERNAL USE ONLY. NOT FOR OPHTHALMIC USE.
STORAGE AND HANDLING SECTION.
STORAGE:. Store at 20C to 25C (68F to 77F), excursions permitted between 15C and 30C (between 59F and 86F). Brief exposure to temperatures up to 40C (104F) may be tolerated provided the mean kinetic temperature does not exceed 25C (77F); however, such exposure should be minimized.NOTICE: Protect from freezing and excessive heat. The product may tend to darken slightly on storage. Slight discoloration does not impair the efficacy or safety of the product. Keep bottle tightly closed. Occasionally, slight discoloration of fabric may occur when an excessive amount of the product is used and comes in contact with white fabrics. This discoloration, however, presents no problem, as it is readily removed by ordinary laundering without bleaches.
WARNINGS:. Sulfonamides are known to cause Stevens-Johnson syndrome in hypersensitive individuals. Stevens-Johnson syndrome also has been reported following the use of sodium sulfacetamide topically. Cases of drug-induced systemic lupus erythematosus from topical sulfacetamide also have been reported. In one of these cases, there was fatal outcome. KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN.