DOSAGE FORMS & STRENGTHS SECTION.


3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS Azithromycin For Oral Suspension USP after constitution contains a flavored suspension. Azithromycin For Oral Suspension USP is supplied to provide 100 mg/5 mL or 200 mg/5 mL suspension in bottles. Azithromycin for oral suspension 100 mg/5 mL and 200 mg/5 mL (3)

PACKAGE LABEL.PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL.


Package/Label Display Panel Azithromycin for Oral Suspension USP 200 mg per 5 mL, 600 mg Carton Text NDC 0093-2026-23 AZITHROMYCIN for Oral Suspension USP 200 mg* per 5 mL 600 mg (15 mL when mixed) FOR ORAL USE ONLY. Cherry Flavored PHARMACIST: Please dispense with enclosed Patient Information leaflet Rx only 600 mg (15 mL when mixed) TEVA

ADVERSE REACTIONS SECTION.


6 ADVERSE REACTIONS Most common adverse reactions are diarrhea (5 to 14%), nausea (3 to 18%), abdominal pain (3 to 7%), or vomiting (2 to 7%). (6.1) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc. at 1-888-838-2872 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. In clinical trials, most of the reported side effects were mild to moderate in severity and were reversible upon discontinuation of the drug. Potentially serious adverse reactions of angioedema and cholestatic jaundice were reported. Approximately 0.7% of the patients (adults and pediatric patients) from the 5 day multiple-dose clinical trials discontinued azithromycin therapy because of treatment-related adverse reactions. In adults given 500 mg/day for 3 days, the discontinuation rate due to treatment-related adverse reactions was 0.6%. In clinical trials in pediatric patients given 30 mg/kg, either as a single dose or over 3 days, discontinuation from the trials due to treatment-related adverse reactions was approximately 1%. Most of the adverse reactions leading to discontinuation were related to the gastrointestinal tract, e.g., nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or abdominal pain [see Clinical Studies ( 14.2)]. Adults Multiple-dose regimens: Overall, the most common treatment-related adverse reactions in adult patients receiving multiple-dose regimens of azithromycin were related to the gastrointestinal system with diarrhea/loose stools (4 to 5%), nausea (3%), and abdominal pain (2 to 3%) being the most frequently reported. No other adverse reactions occurred in patients on the multiple-dose regimens of azithromycin with a frequency greater than 1%. Adverse reactions that occurred with a frequency of 1% or less included the following: Cardiovascular: Palpitations, chest pain. Gastrointestinal: Dyspepsia, flatulence, vomiting, melena, and cholestatic jaundice. Genitourinary: Monilia, vaginitis, and nephritis. Nervous System: Dizziness, headache, vertigo, and somnolence. General: Fatigue. Allergic: Rash, pruritus, photosensitivity, and angioedema. Single 1 gram dose regimen: Overall, the most common adverse reactions in patients receiving a single-dose regimen of 1 gram of azithromycin were related to the gastrointestinal system and were more frequently reported than in patients receiving the multiple-dose regimen. Adverse reactions that occurred in patients on the single 1 gram dosing regimen of azithromycin with a frequency of 1% or greater included diarrhea/loose stools (7%), nausea (5%), abdominal pain (5%), vomiting (2%), dyspepsia (1%), and vaginitis (1%). Single 2 gram dose regimen: Overall, the most common adverse reactions in patients receiving a single 2 gram dose of azithromycin were related to the gastrointestinal system. Adverse reactions that occurred in patients in this study with a frequency of 1% or greater included nausea (18%), diarrhea/loose stools (14%), vomiting (7%), abdominal pain (7%), vaginitis (2%), dyspepsia (1%), and dizziness (1%). The majority of these complaints were mild in nature. Pediatric Patients Single and Multiple-dose regimens: The types of adverse reactions in pediatric patients were comparable to those seen in adults, with different incidence rates for the dosage regimens recommended in pediatric patients. Acute Otitis Media: For the recommended total dosage regimen of 30 mg/kg, the most frequent adverse reactions ( 1%) attributed to treatment were diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, nausea, and rash [see Dosage and Administration (2) and Clinical Studies (14.2)]. The incidence, based on dosing regimen, is described in the table below: Dosage Regimen Diarrhea % Abdominal Pain % Vomiting % Nausea % Rash % 1 day 4.3% 1.4% 4.9% 1% 1% 3 day 2.6% 1.7% 2.3% 0.4% 0.6% 5 day 1.8% 1.2% 1.1% 0.5% 0.4% Community-Acquired Pneumonia: For the recommended dosage regimen of 10 mg/kg on Day 1 followed by 5 mg/kg on Days 2 to 5, the most frequent adverse reactions attributed to treatment were diarrhea/loose stools, abdominal pain, vomiting, nausea, and rash. The incidence is described in the table below: Dosage Regimen Diarrhea/Loose stools % Abdominal Pain % Vomiting % Nausea % Rash % 5 day 5.8% 1.9% 1.9% 1.9% 1.6% Pharyngitis/Tonsillitis: For the recommended dosage regimen of 12 mg/kg on Days 1 to 5, the most frequent adverse reactions attributed to treatment were diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain, nausea, and headache. The incidence is described in the table below: Dosage Regimen Diarrhea % Abdominal Pain % Vomiting % Nausea % Rash % Headache % 5 day 5.4% 3.4% 5.6% 1.8% 0.7% 1.1% With any of the treatment regimens, no other adverse reactions occurred in pediatric patients treated with azithromycin with a frequency greater than 1%. Adverse reactions that occurred with a frequency of 1% or less included the following: Cardiovascular: Chest pain. Gastrointestinal: Dyspepsia, constipation, anorexia, enteritis, flatulence, gastritis, jaundice, loose stools, and oral moniliasis. Hematologic and Lymphatic: Anemia and leukopenia. Nervous System: Headache (otitis media dosage), hyperkinesia, dizziness, agitation, nervousness, and insomnia. General: Fever, face edema, fatigue, fungal infection, malaise, and pain. Allergic: Rash and allergic reaction. Respiratory: Cough, pharyngitis, pleural effusion, and rhinitis. Skin and Appendages: Eczema, fungal dermatitis, pruritus, sweating, urticaria, and vesiculobullous rash. Special Senses: Conjunctivitis. 6.2 Postmarketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of azithromycin. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Adverse reactions reported with azithromycin during the postmarketing period in adult and/or pediatric patients for which a causal relationship may not be established include: Allergic: Arthralgia, edema, urticaria, and angioedema. Cardiovascular: Arrhythmias including ventricular tachycardia and hypotension. There have been reports of QT prolongation and torsades de pointes. Gastrointestinal: Anorexia, constipation, dyspepsia, flatulence, vomiting/diarrhea, pseudomembranous colitis, pancreatitis, oral candidiasis, pyloric stenosis, and reports of tongue discoloration. General: Asthenia, paresthesia, fatigue, malaise, and anaphylaxis. Genitourinary: Interstitial nephritis and acute renal failure and vaginitis. Hematopoietic: Thrombocytopenia. Liver/Biliary: Abnormal liver function, hepatitis, cholestatic jaundice, hepatic necrosis, and hepatic failure [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]. Nervous System: Convulsions, dizziness/vertigo, headache, somnolence, hyperactivity, nervousness, agitation, and syncope. Psychiatric: Aggressive reaction and anxiety. Skin/Appendages: Pruritus, serious skin reactions including erythema multiforme, AGEP, Stevens-Johnson Syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, and DRESS. Special Senses: Hearing disturbances including hearing loss, deafness and/or tinnitus, and reports of taste/smell perversion and/or loss. 6.3 Laboratory Abnormalities Adults: Clinically significant abnormalities (irrespective of drug relationship) occurring during the clinical trials were reported as follows: with an incidence of greater than 1%: decreased hemoglobin, hematocrit, lymphocytes, neutrophils, and blood glucose; elevated serum creatine phosphokinase, potassium, ALT, GGT, AST, BUN, creatinine, blood glucose, platelet count, lymphocytes, neutrophils, and eosinophils; with an incidence of less than 1%: leukopenia, neutropenia, decreased sodium, potassium, platelet count, elevated monocytes, basophils, bicarbonate, serum alkaline phosphatase, bilirubin, LDH, and phosphate. The majority of subjects with elevated serum creatinine also had abnormal values at baseline. When follow-up was provided, changes in laboratory tests appeared to be reversible. In multiple-dose clinical trials involving more than 5000 patients, four patients discontinued therapy because of treatment-related liver enzyme abnormalities and one because of a renal function abnormality. Pediatric Patients: One, Three, and Five-Day Regimens Laboratory data collected from comparative clinical trials employing two 3 day regimens (30 mg/kg or 60 mg/kg in divided doses over 3 days), or two 5 day regimens (30 mg/kg or 60 mg/kg in divided doses over 5 days) were similar for regimens of azithromycin and all comparators combined, with most clinically significant laboratory abnormalities occurring at incidences of 1 to 5%. Laboratory data for patients receiving 30 mg/kg as a single dose were collected in one single center trial. In that trial, an absolute neutrophil count between 500 to 1500 cells/mm3 was observed in 10/64 patients receiving 30 mg/kg as a single dose, 9/62 patients receiving 30 mg/kg given over 3 days, and 8/63 comparator patients. No patient had an absolute neutrophil count < 500 cells/mm3. In multiple-dose clinical trials involving approximately 4700 pediatric patients, no patients discontinued therapy because of treatment-related laboratory abnormalities.

INDICATIONS & USAGE SECTION.


1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE Azithromycin for oral suspension is a macrolide antibacterial drug indicated for the treatment of patients with mild to moderate infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms in the specific conditions listed below. Recommended dosages and durations of therapy in adult and pediatric patient populations vary in these indications [see Dosage and Administration ( 2)]. Azithromycin for oral suspension is a macrolide antibacterial drug indicated for mild to moderate infections caused by designated, susceptible bacteria: Acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic bronchitis in adults (1.1) Acute bacterial sinusitis in adults (1.1) Uncomplicated skin and skin structure infections in adults (1.1) Urethritis and cervicitis in adults (1.1) Genital ulcer disease in men (1.1) Acute otitis media in pediatric patients(6 months of age and older) (1.2) Community-acquired pneumonia in adults and pediatric patients(6 months of age and older) (1.1, 1.2) Pharyngitis/tonsillitis in adults and pediatric patients(2 years of age and older) (1.1, 1.2) Limitation of Use: Azithromycin should not be used in patients with pneumonia who are judged to be inappropriate for oral therapy because of moderate to severe illness or risk factors. (1.3) To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of azithromycin for oral suspension and other antibacterial drugs, azithromycin for oral suspension should be used only to treat infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. (1.4) 1.1 Adult Patients Acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic bronchitis due to Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, or Streptococcus pneumoniae. Acute bacterial sinusitis due to Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, or Streptococcus pneumoniae. Community-acquired pneumonia due to Chlamydophila pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, or Streptococcus pneumoniae in patients appropriate for oral therapy. Pharyngitis/tonsillitis caused by Streptococcus pyogenes as an alternative to first-line therapy in individuals who cannot use first-line therapy. Uncomplicated skin and skin structure infections due to Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, or Streptococcus agalactiae. Urethritis and cervicitis due to Chlamydia trachomatis or Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Genital ulcer disease in men due to Haemophilus ducreyi (chancroid). Due to the small number of women included in clinical trials, the efficacy of azithromycin in the treatment of chancroid in women has not been established. 1.2 Pediatric Patients [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4) and Clinical Studies (14.2)] Acute otitis media (> 6 months of age) caused by Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, or Streptococcus pneumoniae Community-acquired pneumonia (> 6 months of age) due to Chlamydophila pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, or Streptococcus pneumoniae in patients appropriate for oral therapy. Pharyngitis/tonsillitis (> 2 years of age) caused by Streptococcus pyogenes as an alternative to first-line therapy in individuals who cannot use first-line therapy. 1.3 Limitations of Use Azithromycin should not be used in patients with pneumonia who are judged to be inappropriate for oral therapy because of moderate to severe illness or risk factors such as any of the following: patients with cystic fibrosis, patients with nosocomial infections, patients with known or suspected bacteremia, patients requiring hospitalization, elderly or debilitated patients, or patients with significant underlying health problems that may compromise their ability to respond to their illness (including immunodeficiency or functional asplenia). 1.4 Usage To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of azithromycin for oral suspension and other antibacterial drugs, azithromycin for oral suspension should be used only to treat infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

DOSAGE & ADMINISTRATION SECTION.


2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION Adult Patients (2.1) Infection Recommended Dose/Duration of Therapy Community-acquired pneumonia (mild severity) Pharyngitis/tonsillitis (second-line therapy) Skin/skin structure (uncomplicated) 500 mg as a single dose on Day 1, followed by 250 mg once daily on Days 2 through 5. Acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic bronchitis (mild to moderate) 500 mg as a single dose on Day 1, followed by 250 mg once daily on Days 2 through 5 or 500 mg once daily for 3 days. Acute bacterial sinusitis 500 mg once daily for 3 days. Genital ulcer disease (chancroid) Non-gonococcal urethritis and cervicitis One single 1 gram dose. Gonococcal urethritis and cervicitis One single 2 gram dose. Pediatric Patients (2.2) Infection Recommended Dose/Duration of Therapy Acute otitis media(6 months of age and older) 30 mg/kg as a single dose or 10 mg/kg once daily for 3 days or 10 mg/kg as a single dose on Day 1 followed by 5 mg/kg/day on Days 2 through 5. Acute bacterial sinusitis(6 months of age and older) 10 mg/kg once daily for 3 days. Community-acquired pneumonia(6 months of age and older) 10 mg/kg as a single dose on Day 1 followed by 5 mg/kg once daily on Days 2 through 5. Pharyngitis/tonsillitis(2 years of age and older) 12 mg/kg once daily for 5 days. 2.1 Adult Patients [see Indications and Usage (1.1) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)] Infection* Recommended Dose/Duration of Therapy Community-acquired pneumonia Pharyngitis/tonsillitis (second-line therapy) Skin/skin structure (uncomplicated) 500 mg as a single dose on Day 1, followed by 250 mg once daily on Days 2 through 5 Acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 500 mg once daily for 3 days OR 500 mg as a single dose on Day 1, followed by 250 mg once daily on Days 2 through 5 Acute bacterial sinusitis 500 mg-once daily for 3 days Genital ulcer disease (chancroid) One single 1 gram dose Non-gonococcal urethritis and cervicitis One single 1 gram dose Gonococcal urethritis and cervicitis One single 2 gram dose *DUE TO THE INDICATED ORGANISMS [see Indications and Usage (1.1)] Azithromycin tablets can be taken with or without food. 2.2 Pediatric Patients1 Infection* Recommended Dose/Duration of Therapy Acute otitis media 30 mg/kg as a single dose or 10 mg/kg once daily for 3 days or 10 mg/kg as a single dose on Day 1 followed by 5 mg/kg/day on Days 2 through 5. Acute bacterial sinusitis 10 mg/kg once daily for 3 days. Community-acquired pneumonia 10 mg/kg as a single dose on Day 1 followed by 5 mg/kg once daily on Days 2 through 5. Pharyngitis/tonsillitis 12 mg/kg once daily for 5 days. *DUE TO THE INDICATED ORGANISMS [see Indications and Usage (1.2)] 1 see dosing tables below for maximum doses evaluated by indication Azithromycin for oral suspension can be taken with or without food. PEDIATRIC DOSAGE GUIDELINES FOR OTITIS MEDIA, ACUTE BACTERIAL SINUSITIS, AND COMMUNITY-ACQUIRED PNEUMONIA (Age 6 months and above, [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4)]) Based on Body Weight OTITIS MEDIA AND COMMUNITY-ACQUIRED PNEUMONIA: (5 Day Regimen)* Dosing Calculated on 10 mg/kg/day Day 1 and 5 mg/kg/day Days 2 to 5. Weight 100 mg/5 mL 200 mg/5 mL Total mL per Treatment Course Total mg per Treatment Course Kg Day 1 Days 2 to 5 Day 1 Days 2 to 5 5 2.5 mL; ( tsp) 1.25 mL; ( tsp) 7.5 mL 150 mg 10 5 mL; (1 tsp) 2.5 mL; ( tsp) 15 mL 300 mg 20 5 mL; (1 tsp) 2.5 mL; ( tsp) 15 mL 600 mg 30 7.5 mL; (1 tsp) 3.75 mL; ( tsp) 22.5 mL 900 mg 40 10 mL; (2 tsp) 5 mL; (1 tsp) 30 mL 1200 mg 50 and above 12.5 mL; (2 tsp) 6.25 mL; (1 tsp) 37.5 mL 1500 mg * Effectiveness of the 3 day or 1 day regimen in pediatric patients with community-acquired pneumonia has not been established. OTITIS MEDIA AND ACUTE BACTERIAL SINUSITIS: (3 Day Regimen)* Dosing Calculated on 10 mg/kg/day. Weight 100 mg/5 mL 200 mg/5 mL Total mL per Treatment Course Total mg per Treatment Course Kg Days 1 to 3 Days 1 to 3 5 2.5 mL; ( tsp) 7.5 mL 150 mg 10 5 mL; (1 tsp) 15 mL 300 mg 20 5 mL (1 tsp) 15 mL 600 mg 30 7.5 mL (1 tsp) 22.5 mL 900 mg 40 10 mL (2 tsp) 30 mL 1200 mg 50 and above 12.5 mL (2 tsp) 37.5 mL 1500 mg *Effectiveness of the 5 day or 1 day regimen in pediatric patients with acute bacterial sinusitis has not been established. OTITIS MEDIA: (1 Day Regimen) Dosing Calculated on 30 mg/kg as a single dose. Weight 200 mg/5 mL Total mL per Treatment Course Total mg per Treatment Course Kg 1 Day Regimen 5 3.75 mL; ( tsp) 3.75 mL 150 mg 10 7.5 mL; (1 tsp) 7.5 mL 300 mg 20 15 mL; (3 tsp) 15 mL 600 mg 30 22.5 mL; (4 tsp) 22.5 mL 900 mg 40 30 mL; (6 tsp) 30 mL 1200 mg 50 and above 37.5 mL; (7 tsp) 37.5 mL 1500 mg The safety of re-dosing azithromycin in pediatric patients who vomit after receiving 30 mg/kg as a single dose has not been established. In clinical studies involving 487 patients with acute otitis media given a single 30 mg/kg dose of azithromycin, 8 patients who vomited within 30 minutes of dosing were re-dosed at the same total dose. Pharyngitis/Tonsillitis: The recommended dose of azithromycin for children with pharyngitis/tonsillitis is 12 mg/kg once daily for 5 days. (See chart below.) PEDIATRIC DOSAGE GUIDELINES FOR PHARYNGITIS/TONSILLITIS (Age 2 years and above, [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4)]) Based on Body Weight PHARYNGITIS/TONSILLITIS: (5 Day Regimen) Dosing Calculated on 12 mg/kg/day for 5 days. Weight 200 mg/5 mL Total mL per Treatment Course Total mg per Treatment Course Kg Day 1 to 5 8 2.5 mL; ( tsp) 12.5 mL 500 mg 17 5 mL; (1 tsp) 25 mL 1000 mg 25 7.5 mL; (1 tsp) 37.5 mL 1500 mg 33 10 mL; (2 tsp) 50 mL 2000 mg 40 12.5 mL; (2 tsp) 62.5 mL 2500 mg Constituting instructions for azithromycin for oral suspension 300, 600, 900, 1200 mg bottles. The table below indicates the volume of water to be used for constitution: Amount of water to be added Total volume after constitution (azithromycin content) Azithromycin concentration after constitution 9 mL (300 mg) 15 mL (300 mg) 100 mg/5 mL 9 mL (600 mg) 15 mL (600 mg) 200 mg/5 mL 12 mL (900 mg) 22.5 mL (900 mg) 200 mg/5 mL 15 mL (1200 mg) 30 mL (1200 mg) 200 mg/5 mL Shake well before each use. Oversized bottle provides shake space. Keep tightly closed. After mixing, store suspension at 5 to 25C (41 to 77F) and use within 10 days. Discard after full dosing is completed.

HOW SUPPLIED SECTION.


16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING Azithromycin For Oral Suspension USP after constitution contains a flavored pink suspension. Azithromycin For Oral Suspension USP is supplied to provide 100 mg/5 mL or 200 mg/5 mL suspension in bottles as follows: Azithromycin, USP contents per bottle NDC 300 mg 0093-2027-23 600 mg 0093-2026-23 900 mg 0093-2026-94 1200 mg 0093-2026-31 [see Dosage and Administration (2)] for constitution instructions with each bottle type. Storage: Store dry powder at 20 to 25C (68 to 77F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature]. PROTECT FROM FREEZING. Store constituted suspension between 5 to 25C (41 to 77F) and discard when full dosing is completed. KEEP THIS AND ALL MEDICATIONS OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN.

DESCRIPTION SECTION.


11 DESCRIPTION Azithromycin For Oral Suspension USP contains the active ingredient azithromycin, USP, a macrolide antibacterial drug, for oral administration. Azithromycin, USP has the chemical name (2R,3S,4R,5R,8R,10R,11R,12S,13S,14R)-13-[(2,6-dideoxy-3-C-methyl-3-O-methyl--L-ribo-hexopyranosyl) oxy]-2-ethyl-3,4,10-trihydroxy-3,5,6,8,10,12,14-heptamethyl-11-[[3,4,6-trideoxy-3-(dimethylamino)--D-xylo-hexopyranosyl]oxy]-1-oxa-6-azacyclopentadecan-15-one. Azithromycin, USP is derived from erythromycin; however, it differs chemically from erythromycin in that a methyl-substituted nitrogen atom is incorporated into the lactone ring. Azithromycin, USP has the following structural formula: C38H72N2O12 M.W. 749 Azithromycin, USP, as the monohydrate, is a white crystalline powder with a molecular formula of C38H72N2O12H2O and a molecular weight of 767. Azithromycin For Oral Suspension USP is supplied in bottles containing azithromycin monohydrate powder equivalent to 300 mg, 600 mg, 900 mg or 1200 mg azithromycin, USP per bottle and the following inactive ingredients: ammonio methacrylate copolymer, banana flavor, cherry flavor, colloidal silicon dioxide, FD&C Red No. 40, hydroxypropyl cellulose, sucrose, tribasic sodium phosphate anhydrous, vanilla flavor, and xanthan gum. After constitution, each 5 mL of suspension contains 100 mg or 200 mg of azithromycin, USP.

OVERDOSAGE SECTION.


10 OVERDOSAGE Adverse reactions experienced at higher than recommended doses were similar to those seen at normal doses particularly nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting. In the event of overdosage, general symptomatic and supportive measures are indicated as required.

SPL PATIENT PACKAGE INSERT SECTION.


Patient Information Azithromycin (ay zith roe mye sin) For Oral Suspension Read this Patient Information leaflet before you start taking azithromycin for oral suspension and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking to your healthcare provider about your medical condition or your treatment. What is azithromycin for oral suspension? Azithromycin for oral suspension is a macrolide antibiotic prescription medicine used in adults 18 years or older to treat certain infections caused by certain germs called bacteria. These bacterial infections include: acute worsening of chronic bronchitis acute sinus infection community-acquired pneumonia infected throat or tonsils skin infections infections of the urethra or cervix genital ulcers in men Azithromycin for oral suspension is also used in children to treat: ear infections community-acquired pneumonia infected throat or tonsils Azithromycin should not be taken by people who cannot tolerate oral medications because they are very ill or have certain other risk factors including: have cystic fibrosis have hospital acquired infections have known or suspected bacteria in the blood need to be in the hospital are elderly have any medical problems that can lower the ability of the immune system to fight infections Azithromycin for oral suspension is not for viral infections such as the common cold. It is not known if azithromycin for oral suspension is safe and effective for genital ulcers in women. It is not known if azithromycin for oral suspension is safe and effective for children with ear infections, sinus infections, and community-acquired pneumonia under 6 months of age. It is not known if azithromycin for oral suspension is safe and effective for infected throat or tonsils in children under 2 years of age. Who should not take azithromycin for oral suspension? Do not take azithromycin for oral suspension if you: have had a severe allergic reaction to certain antibiotics known as macrolides or ketolides including azithromycin and erythromycin. have a history of cholestatic jaundice or hepatic dysfunction that happened with the use of azithromycin. What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking azithromycin for oral suspension? Before you take azithromycin for oral suspension, tell your healthcare provider if you: have pneumonia have cystic fibrosis have known or suspected bacteremia (bacterial infection in the blood) have liver or kidney problems have an irregular heartbeat, especially a problem called QT prolongation have a problem that causes muscle weakness (myasthenia gravis) have any other medical problems are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if azithromycin for oral suspension will harm your unborn baby. are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. Azithromycin has been reported to pass into breast milk. Talk to your healthcare provider about the best way to feed your baby while you take azithromycin for oral suspension. Contact your healthcare provider immediately if you are giving azithromycin for oral suspension to a young child (less than 6 weeks of age) and he or she vomits or becomes irritable when fed. Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Azithromycin for oral suspension and other medicines may affect each other causing side effects. Azithromycin for oral suspension may affect the way other medicines work, and other medicines may affect how azithromycin for oral suspension works. Especially tell your healthcare provider if you take: nelfinavir a blood thinner (warfarin) digoxin colchicine phenytoin an antacid that contains aluminum or magnesium Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of your medicines and show it to your healthcare provider and pharmacist when you get a new medicine. How should I take azithromycin for oral suspension? Take azithromycin for oral suspension exactly as your healthcare provider tells you to take it. Azithromycin for oral suspension can be taken with or without food. If you take azithromycin for oral suspension, shake the bottle well just before you take it. Do not skip any doses of azithromycin for oral suspension or stop taking it, even if you begin to feel better, until you finish your prescribed treatment unless you have a serious allergic reaction or your healthcare provider tells you to stop taking azithromycin for oral suspension. See What are the possible side effects of azithromycin for oral suspension? If you skip doses, or do not complete the total course of azithromycin for oral suspension your treatment may not work as well and your infection may be harder to treat. Taking all of your azithromycin for oral suspension doses will help lower the chance that the bacteria will become resistant to azithromycin. If the bacteria becomes resistant to azithromycin, azithromycin for oral suspension and other antibiotic medicines may not work for you in the future. If you take too much azithromycin for oral suspension, call your healthcare provider or get medical help right away. What are the possible side effects of azithromycin for oral suspension? Azithromycin for oral suspension can cause serious side effects, including: Serious allergic reactions. Allergic reactions can happen in people taking azithromycin the active ingredient in azithromycin for oral suspension, even after only 1 dose. Stop taking azithromycin for oral suspension and get emergency medical help right away if you have any of the following symptoms of a severe allergic reaction: trouble breathing or swallowing swelling of the lips, tongue, face throat tightness, hoarseness rapid heartbeat faintness skin rash (hives) new onset of fever and swollen lymph nodes Stop taking azithromycin for oral suspension at the first sign of a skin rash and call your healthcare provider. Skin rash may be a sign of a more serious reaction to azithromycin for oral suspension. Liver damage (hepatotoxicity). Hepatotoxicity can happen in people who take azithromycin for oral suspension. Call your healthcare provider right away if you have unexplained symptoms such as: nausea or vomiting stomach pain fever weakness abdominal pain or tenderness itching unusual tiredness loss of appetite change in the color of your bowel movements dark colored urine yellowing of your skin or of the whites of your eyes Stop taking azithromycin for oral suspension and tell your healthcare provider right away if you have yellowing of your skin or white part of your eyes, or if you have dark urine. These can be signs of a serious reaction to azithromycin for oral suspension (a liver problem). Serious heart rhythm changes (QT prolongation and torsades de pointes). Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have a change in your heartbeat (a fast or irregular heartbeat), or if you feel faint and dizzy. Azithromycin for oral suspension may cause a rare heart problem known as prolongation of the QT interval. This condition can cause an abnormal heartbeat and can be very dangerous. The chances of this happening are higher in people: who are elderly with a family history of prolonged QT interval with low blood potassium who take certain medicines to control heart rhythm (antiarrhythmics) Worsening of myasthenia gravis (a problem that causes muscle weakness). Certain antibiotics like azithromycin for oral suspension may cause worsening of myasthenia gravis symptoms, including muscle weakness and breathing problems. Call your healthcare provider right away if you have any worsening muscle weakness or breathing problems. Diarrhea. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have watery diarrhea, diarrhea that does not go away, or bloody stools. You may experience cramping and a fever. This could happen after you have finished your azithromycin for oral suspension. The most common side effects of azithromycin for oral suspension include: nausea stomach pain vomiting These are not all the possible side effects of azithromycin for oral suspension. Tell your healthcare provider about any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. How should I store azithromycin for oral suspension? Store dry powder at 68 to 77F (20 to 25C). PROTECT FROM FREEZING. Store constituted suspension between 41 to 77F (5 to 25C) and discard when full dosing is completed. Keep azithromycin for oral suspension in a tightly closed container. Safely throw away any medicine that is out of date or no longer needed. Keep azithromycin for oral suspension and all medicines out of the reach of children. General information about the safe and effective use of azithromycin for oral suspension. Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in the Patient Information leaflet. Do not use azithromycin for oral suspension for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give azithromycin for oral suspension to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. It may harm them. This Patient Information leaflet summarizes the most important information about azithromycin for oral suspension. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider. You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information about azithromycin for oral suspension that is written for health professionals. For more information, call 1-888-838-2872. What are the ingredients in azithromycin for oral suspension? Active ingredient: azithromycin monohydrate Inactive ingredients: ammonio methacrylate copolymer, banana flavor, cherry flavor, colloidal silicon dioxide, FD&C Red No. 40, hydroxypropyl cellulose, sucrose, tribasic sodium phosphate anhydrous, vanilla flavor, and xanthan gum. This Patient Information has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Manufactured In Croatia By: Pliva Hrvatska d.o.o. Zagreb, Croatia Manufactured For: Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc. North Wales, PA 19454 Rev. F 4/2019

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS SECTION.


5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS Serious (including fatal) allergic and skin reactions: Discontinue azithromycin if reaction occurs. (5.1) Hepatotoxicity: Severe, and sometimes fatal, hepatotoxicity has been reported. Discontinue azithromycin immediately if signs and symptoms of hepatitis occur. (5.2) Infantile Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis (IHPS): Following the use of azithromycin in neonates (treatment up to 42 days of life), IHPS has been reported. Direct parents and caregivers to contact their physician if vomiting or irritability with feeding occurs. (5.3) Prolongation of QT interval and cases of torsades de pointes have been reported. This risk which can be fatal should be considered in patients with certain cardiovascular disorders including known QT prolongation or history of torsades de pointes, those with proarrhythmic conditions, and with other drugs that prolong the QT interval. (5.4) Clostridium difficile-Associated Diarrhea: Evaluate patients if diarrhea occurs. (5.5) Azithromycin may exacerbate muscle weakness in persons with myasthenia gravis. (5.6) 5.1 Hypersensitivity Serious allergic reactions, including angioedema, anaphylaxis, and dermatologic reactions including Acute Generalized Exanthematous Pustulosis (AGEP), Stevens-Johnson syndrome, and toxic epidermal necrolysis have been reported in patients on azithromycin therapy [see Contraindications ( 4.1)]. Fatalities have been reported. Cases of Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS) have also been reported. Despite initially successful symptomatic treatment of the allergic symptoms, when symptomatic therapy was discontinued, the allergic symptoms recurred soon thereafter in some patients without further azithromycin exposure. These patients required prolonged periods of observation and symptomatic treatment. The relationship of these episodes to the long tissue half-life of azithromycin and subsequent prolonged exposure to antigen is presently unknown. If an allergic reaction occurs, the drug should be discontinued and appropriate therapy should be instituted. Physicians should be aware that allergic symptoms may reappear when symptomatic therapy has been discontinued. 5.2 Hepatotoxicity Abnormal liver function, hepatitis, cholestatic jaundice, hepatic necrosis, and hepatic failure have been reported, some of which have resulted in death. Discontinue azithromycin immediately if signs and symptoms of hepatitis occur. 5.3 Infantile Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis (IHPS) Following the use of azithromycin in neonates (treatment up to 42 days of life), IHPS has been reported. Direct parents and caregivers to contact their physician if vomiting or irritability with feeding occurs. 5.4 QT Prolongation Prolonged cardiac repolarization and QT interval, imparting a risk of developing cardiac arrhythmia and torsades de pointes, have been seen with treatment with macrolides, including azithromycin. Cases of torsades de pointes have been spontaneously reported during postmarketing surveillance in patients receiving azithromycin. Providers should consider the risk of QT prolongation which can be fatal when weighing the risks and benefits of azithromycin for at-risk groups including: patients with known prolongation of the QT interval, a history of torsades de pointes, congenital long QT syndrome, bradyarrhythmias or uncompensated heart failure patients on drugs known to prolong the QT interval patients with ongoing proarrhythmic conditions such as uncorrected hypokalemia or hypomagnesemia, clinically significant bradycardia, and in patients receiving Class IA (quinidine, procainamide) or Class III (dofetilide, amiodarone, sotalol) antiarrhythmic agents. Elderly patients may be more susceptible to drug-associated effects on the QT interval. 5.5 Clostridium difficile-Associated Diarrhea (CDAD) Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea has been reported with use of nearly all antibacterial agents, including azithromycin, and may range in severity from mild diarrhea to fatal colitis. Treatment with antibacterial agents alters the normal flora of the colon, leading to overgrowth of C. difficile. C. difficile produces toxins A and B which contribute to the development of CDAD. Hypertoxin producing strains of C. difficile cause increased morbidity and mortality, as these infections can be refractory to antibacterial therapy and may require colectomy. CDAD must be considered in all patients who present with diarrhea following antibiotic use. Careful medical history is necessary since CDAD has been reported to occur over two months after the administration of antibacterial agents. If CDAD is suspected or confirmed, ongoing antibiotic use not directed against C. difficile may need to be discontinued. Appropriate fluid and electrolyte management, protein supplementation, antibiotic treatment of C. difficile, and surgical evaluation should be instituted as clinically indicated. 5.6 Exacerbation of Myasthenia Gravis Exacerbation of symptoms of myasthenia gravis and new onset of myasthenic syndrome have been reported in patients receiving azithromycin therapy. 5.7 Use in Sexually Transmitted Infections Azithromycin, at the recommended dose, should not be relied upon to treat syphilis. Antibacterial agents used to treat non-gonococcal urethritis may mask or delay the symptoms of incubating syphilis. All patients with sexually transmitted urethritis or cervicitis should have a serologic test for syphilis and appropriate testing for gonorrhea performed at the time of diagnosis. Appropriate antibacterial therapy and follow-up tests for these diseases should be initiated if infection is confirmed. 5.8 Development of Drug-Resistant Bacteria Prescribing azithromycin in the absence of a proven or strongly suspected bacterial infection is unlikely to provide benefit to the patient and increases the risk of the development of drug-resistant bacteria.

DRUG INTERACTIONS SECTION.


7 DRUG INTERACTIONS Nelfinavir: Close monitoring for known adverse reactions of azithromycin, such as liver enzyme abnormalities and hearing impairment, is warranted. (7.1) Warfarin: Use with azithromycin may increase coagulation times; monitor prothrombin time. (7.2) 7.1 Nelfinavir Co-administration of nelfinavir at steady-state with a single oral dose of azithromycin resulted in increased azithromycin serum concentrations. Although a dose adjustment of azithromycin is not recommended when administered in combination with nelfinavir, close monitoring for known adverse reactions of azithromycin, such as liver enzyme abnormalities and hearing impairment, is warranted [see Adverse Reactions ( 6)]. 7.2 Warfarin Spontaneous postmarketing reports suggest that concomitant administration of azithromycin may potentiate the effects of oral anticoagulants such as warfarin, although the prothrombin time was not affected in the dedicated