Cytochrome P450 1A2

Description:

Description
  • Accession: P05177
  • Swissprot: CP1A2_HUMAN
  • Organism: Homo sapiens
  • Gene: CYP1A2
  • Target class: Enzyme

Drug Relations:

alosetron
Bioactivity details MOA
altretamine
The precise mechanism by which altretamine capsules exerts its cytotoxic effect is unknown, although a number of theoretical possibilities have been studied. Structurally, altretamine capsules resembles the alkylating agent triethylenemelamine, yet in vitro tests for alkylating activity of altretamine capsules and its metabolites have been negative. Altretamine capsules has been demonstrated to be efficacious for certain ovarian tumors resistant to classical alkylating agents. Metabolism of altretamine is a requirement for cytotoxicity. Synthetic monohydroxymethylmelamines, and products of altretamine metabolism, in vitro and in vivo, can form covalent adducts with tissue macromolecules including DNA, but the relevance of these reactions to antitumor activity is unknown. Bioactivity details MOA
armodafinil
Bioactivity details MOA
artemisinin
antimalarial from Chinese medicinal herb Artemisia annua Bioactivity details MOA
atazanavir
An azapeptide and HIV-PROTEASE INHIBITOR that is used in the treatment of HIV INFECTIONS and AIDS in combination with other ANTI-HIV AGENTS. Bioactivity details MOA
capsaicin
An alkylamide found in CAPSICUM that acts at TRPV CATION CHANNELS. Bioactivity details MOA
disulfiram
A carbamate derivative used as an alcohol deterrent. It is a relatively nontoxic substance when administered alone, but markedly alters the intermediary metabolism of alcohol. When alcohol is ingested after administration of disulfiram, blood acetaldehyde concentrations are increased, followed by flushing, systemic vasodilation, respiratory difficulties, nausea, hypotension, and other symptoms (acetaldehyde syndrome). It acts by inhibiting aldehyde dehydrogenase. Bioactivity details MOA
econazole
An imidazole derivative that is commonly used as a topical antifungal agent. Bioactivity details MOA
flutamide
Flutamide is an acetanilid, nonsteroidal, orally active antiandrogen. It exerts its antiandrogenic action by inhibiting androgen uptake and/or by inhibiting nuclear binding of androgen in target tissues or both. Bioactivity details MOA
fluvoxamine
A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor that is used in the treatment of DEPRESSION and a variety of ANXIETY DISORDERS. Bioactivity details MOA
hexachlorophene
A chlorinated bisphenol antiseptic with a bacteriostatic action against Gram-positive organisms, but much less effective against Gram-negative organisms. It is mainly used in soaps and creams and is an ingredient of various preparations used for skin disorders. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p797) Bioactivity details MOA
leflunomide
An isoxazole derivative that inhibits dihydroorotate dehydrogenase, the fourth enzyme in the pyrimidine biosynthetic pathway. It is used an immunosuppressive agent in the treatment of RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS and PSORIATIC ARTHRITIS. Bioactivity details MOA
methoxsalen
A naturally occurring furocoumarin compound found in several species of plants, including Psoralea corylifolia. It is a photoactive substance that forms DNA ADDUCTS in the presence of ultraviolet A irradiation. Bioactivity details MOA
modafinil
A benzhydryl acetamide compound, central nervous system stimulant, and CYP3A4 inducing agent that is used in the treatment of NARCOLEPSY and SLEEP WAKE DISORDERS. Bioactivity details MOA
mosapride
Mosapride is a 5-HT4 receptor agonist which increases the release of acetylcholine and stimulates GI motility. Bioactivity details MOA
nabumetone
A butanone non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2) inhibitor that is used in the management of pain associated with OSTEOARTHRITIS and RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS. Bioactivity details MOA
nifedipine
A potent vasodilator agent with calcium antagonistic action. It is a useful anti-anginal agent that also lowers blood pressure. Bioactivity details MOA
nisoldipine
A dihydropyridine calcium channel antagonist that acts as a potent arterial vasodilator and antihypertensive agent. It is also effective in patients with cardiac failure and angina. Bioactivity details MOA
omeprazole
A 4-methoxy-3,5-dimethylpyridyl, 5-methoxybenzimidazole derivative of timoprazole that is used in the therapy of STOMACH ULCERS and ZOLLINGER-ELLISON SYNDROME. The drug inhibits an H(+)-K(+)-EXCHANGING ATPASE which is found in GASTRIC PARIETAL CELLS. Bioactivity details MOA
paroxetine
A serotonin uptake inhibitor that is effective in the treatment of depression. Bioactivity details MOA
pefloxacin
A synthetic broad-spectrum fluoroquinolone antibacterial agent active against most gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. Bioactivity details MOA
primaquine
An aminoquinoline that is given by mouth to produce a radical cure and prevent relapse of vivax and ovale malarias following treatment with a blood schizontocide. It has also been used to prevent transmission of falciparum malaria by those returning to areas where there is a potential for re-introduction of malaria. Adverse effects include anemias and GI disturbances. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopeia, 30th ed, p404) Bioactivity details MOA
prochlorperazine
A phenothiazine antipsychotic used principally in the treatment of NAUSEA; VOMITING; and VERTIGO. It is more likely than CHLORPROMAZINE to cause EXTRAPYRAMIDAL DISORDERS. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p612) Bioactivity details MOA
propafenone
An antiarrhythmia agent that is particularly effective in ventricular arrhythmias. It also has weak beta-blocking activity. Bioactivity details MOA
propranolol
A widely used non-cardioselective beta-adrenergic antagonist. Propranolol has been used for MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; ARRHYTHMIA; ANGINA PECTORIS; HYPERTENSION; HYPERTHYROIDISM; MIGRAINE; PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA; and ANXIETY but adverse effects instigate replacement by newer drugs. Bioactivity details MOA
stiripentol
In animal models, stiripentol antagonizes seizures induced by electric shock, pentetrazole and bicuculline. In rodent models, stiripentol appears to increase brain levels of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) - the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in mammalian brain. This could occur by inhibition of synaptosomal uptake of GABA and/or inhibition of GABA transaminase. Stiripentol has also been shown to enhance GABAA receptor-mediated transmission in the immature rat hippocampus and increase the mean open-duration (but not the frequency) of GABAA receptor chloride channels by a barbiturate-like mechanism. Stiripentol potentiates the efficacy of other anticonvulsants, such as carbamazepine, sodium valproate, phenytoin, phenobarbital and many benzodiazepines, as the result of pharmacokinetic interactions. The second effect of stiripentol is mainly based on metabolic inhibition of several isoenzymes, in particular CYP450 3A4 and 2C19, involved in the hepatic metabolism of other anti-epileptic medicines. Bioactivity details MOA
sulconazole
Bioactivity details MOA
tannic acid
Bioactivity details MOA
tenidap
Bioactivity details MOA
thiabendazole
2-Substituted benzimidazole first introduced in 1962. It is active against a variety of nematodes and is the drug of choice for STRONGYLOIDIASIS. It has CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM side effects and hepatototoxic potential. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, p919) Bioactivity details MOA
thioridazine
A phenothiazine antipsychotic used in the management of PHYCOSES, including SCHIZOPHRENIA. Bioactivity details MOA