probenecid indications/contra

Stem definitionDrug idCAS RN
2268 57-66-9

Description:

MoleculeDescription

Molfile Inchi Smiles

Synonyms:

  • probenecid
  • benecid
  • probecid
  • probenecid acid
The prototypical uricosuric agent. It inhibits the renal excretion of organic anions and reduces tubular reabsorption of urate. Probenecid has also been used to treat patients with renal impairment, and, because it reduces the renal tubular excretion of other drugs, has been used as an adjunct to antibacterial therapy.
  • Molecular weight: 285.36
  • Formula: C13H19NO4S
  • CLOGP: 3.37
  • LIPINSKI: 0
  • HAC: 5
  • HDO: 1
  • TPSA: 74.68
  • ALOGS: -2.83
  • ROTB: 6

Drug dosage:

DoseUnitRoute
1 g O

Approvals:

DateAgencyCompanyOrphan
April 26, 1951 FDA

FDA Adverse Event Reporting System

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MedDRA adverse event termLikelihood ratioLikelihood ratio thresholdPatients taking drug having adverse eventPatients taking drug not having adverse eventPatients not taking drug having adverse eventPatients not taking drug not having adverse event
Toxicity to various agents 129.47 61.75 30 57 47024 3338748
Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome 76.34 61.75 16 71 14394 3371378
Intentional overdose 63.98 61.75 14 73 15211 3370561

Pharmacologic Action:

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SourceCodeDescription
ATC M04AB01 MUSCULO-SKELETAL SYSTEM
ANTIGOUT PREPARATIONS
ANTIGOUT PREPARATIONS
Preparations increasing uric acid excretion
MeSH PA D000277 Adjuvants, Pharmaceutic
CHEBI has role CHEBI:35841 uricosuric drug
MeSH PA D018501 Antirheumatic Agents
MeSH PA D006074 Gout Suppressants
MeSH PA D010592 Pharmaceutic Aids
MeSH PA D012076 Renal Agents
MeSH PA D014528 Uricosuric Agents

Drug Use (View source of the data)

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DiseaseRelationSNOMED_IDDOID
Hyperuricemia indication 35885006 DOID:1920
Articular gout indication 48440001 DOID:13189
Chronic gouty arthritis indication 68451005
Adjunct Treatment to Inhibit Renal Drug Excretion indication
Peptic ulcer contraindication 13200003 DOID:750
Acute nephropathy contraindication 58574008
Hepatic failure contraindication 59927004
Diarrhea contraindication 62315008
Leukopenia contraindication 84828003 DOID:615
Kidney disease contraindication 90708001 DOID:2527
Anemia due to enzyme deficiency contraindication 111577008
Disorder of muscle contraindication 129565002 DOID:423
Disease of blood AND/OR blood-forming organ contraindication 191124002 DOID:74
Impaired renal function disorder contraindication 197663003
Rhabdomyolysis contraindication 240131006
Renal dialysis contraindication 265764009
Infectious mononucleosis contraindication 271558008 DOID:8568
Uric acid renal calculus contraindication 274401005
Thrombocytopenic disorder contraindication 302215000 DOID:1588
Aplastic anemia contraindication 306058006 DOID:12449
Bone marrow depression contraindication 307762000
Pseudomembranous enterocolitis contraindication 397683000 DOID:0060185
Granulocytopenic disorder contraindication 417672002 DOID:12987
Vomiting contraindication 422400008
Uric Acid Nephropathy Gout contraindication

Acid dissociation constants calculated using MoKa v3.0.0

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Dissociation levelDissociation constantType (acidic/basic)
pKa1 3.46 acidic

Orange Book patent data (new drug applications)

None

Orange Book exclusivity data (new drug applications)

None

Bioactivity Summary:

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TargetClassPharosUniProtActionTypeActivity value
(-log[M])
Mechanism
action
Bioact sourceMoA source
Solute carrier family 22 member 6 Transporter INHIBITOR IC50 4.90 IUPHAR CHEMBL
Solute carrier family 22 member 11 Transporter INHIBITOR DRUGBANK CHEMBL
Solute carrier family 22 member 8 Transporter INHIBITOR WOMBAT-PK CHEMBL
Carbonic anhydrase 12 Enzyme Ki 5.90 CHEMBL
Carbonic anhydrase 9 Enzyme Ki 6.44 CHEMBL
Carbonic anhydrase 2 Enzyme Ki 6.37 CHEMBL
Solute carrier family 22 member 12 Transporter IC50 4.30 CHEMBL
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-7 Enzyme Ki 4.02 CHEMBL
Solute carrier family 22 member 20 Transporter Ki 5.08 CHEMBL
Solute carrier family 22 member 6 Transporter Ki 5.20 CHEMBL
Transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 2 Unclassified ACTIVATOR EC50 4.50 IUPHAR

External reference:

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IDSource
4357 IUPHAR_LIGAND_ID
4017872 VUID
N0000146225 NUI
C0033209 UMLSCUI
D00475 KEGG_DRUG
DB01032 DRUGBANK_ID
CHEMBL897 ChEMBL_ID
4911 PUBCHEM_CID
4017872 VANDF
128 MMSL
8698 RXNORM
387365004 SNOMEDCT_US
66094001 SNOMEDCT_US
5356 MMSL
d00031 MMSL
N0000005795 NDFRT
N0000146225 NDFRT
002321 NDDF
CHEBI:8426 CHEBI
D011339 MESH_DESCRIPTOR_UI
PO572Z7917 UNII
563 INN_ID

Pharmaceutical products:

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ProductCategoryIngredientsNDCFormQuantityRoute MarketingLabel
Probenecid HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL 1 0378-0156 TABLET, FILM COATED 500 mg ORAL ANDA 10 sections
Probenecid HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL 1 0527-1367 TABLET, FILM COATED 500 mg ORAL ANDA 10 sections
Probenecid and Colchicine HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL 2 0591-5325 TABLET 500 mg ORAL ANDA 10 sections
Probenecid HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL 1 0591-5347 TABLET, FILM COATED 500 mg ORAL ANDA 10 sections
Probenecid HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL 1 10135-541 TABLET, FILM COATED 500 mg ORAL ANDA 11 sections
Probenecid HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL 1 11819-282 TABLET, FILM COATED 500 mg ORAL ANDA 10 sections
Probenecid HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL 1 43353-839 TABLET, FILM COATED 500 mg ORAL ANDA 11 sections
Probenecid HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL 1 43353-991 TABLET, FILM COATED 500 mg ORAL ANDA 11 sections
Probenecid HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL 1 54868-0159 TABLET, FILM COATED 500 mg ORAL ANDA 10 sections
Probenecid and Colchicine HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL 2 64980-149 TABLET 500 mg ORAL ANDA 10 sections
Probenecid HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL 1 68084-945 TABLET, FILM COATED 500 mg ORAL ANDA 11 sections
Probenecid HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL 1 68151-1993 TABLET, FILM COATED 500 mg ORAL ANDA 10 sections
Probenecid HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL 1 69367-154 TABLET 500 mg ORAL ANDA 10 sections